Presentation on theme: "Enumclaw Fire Department Initial/Annual Safety Training"— Presentation transcript:
1 Enumclaw Fire Department Initial/Annual Safety Training
2 Course ObjectivesAfter completing this course, the student will be able to:Describe how and when to report injuries (WAC )Locate first-aid facilities in the Fire Station(WAC )Locate Emergency Exits (WAC )After completing this course, the student will have an basic knowledge of:Emergency Procedures while at Fire Stations (WAC )Use and care of required PPE (WAC )Chemical Hazard Communication Program (WAC )The Fire Department total Safety Program (WAC )Safety practices for specific tasks (WAC )
3 References WAC 296-305 Safety Standard for Firefighters WAC Occupational exposure to bloodborne pathogensEFD Safety Policy 01EFD Safety Policy 02EFD Safety Policy 11EFD Policy 21 Operation of VehiclesNFPA 15002007 EMT Patient Care Protocol (current standing orders)
5 Injury ReportingSafety Policy 01 – Injury and Illness Reports for FirefightersYou MUST report injuries or illness that result from occupational accidents or occupational exposuresForms are part of Safety Policy 01Copies are available on the Safety BoardsFatalities or probable fatality report immediatelyA fact finding investigation may need to be completed.
6 Injury ReportingSafety Whenever an occupational accident causes injury or illness to a member/employee, or whenever a member/employee becomes aware of an illness apparently caused by occupational exposure, it shall be the duty of such member/employee, or someone on his/her behalf, to report the injury or illness to the Fire Chief before the end of his/her duty period, but not more than twenty-four hours after the incident.Safety All members/employees will comply with injury and illness policies and protocols.
8 Accident ReportingSafety Policy 01 – Injury and Illness Reports for FirefightersAccidents involving damage to equipment or property need to be reported.Report accident to supervisor, supervisor to fill out forms. Refer to EFD Policy 21.Forms are part of Safety Policy 01Copies are available on the Safety BoardsAn fact finding accident investigation may need to be completed.
10 Reporting of unsafe conditions Non time critical unsafe conditions can be reported using record of hazard observed forms located on safety boards and turned into the appropriate box.Unsafe conditions on emergency scenes should be reported up the chain of command.Other unsafe conditions should be reported to your supervisor or to the Health and Safety Officer.
12 First Aid Station Locations Near wash station and in maintenance bayStation 2Apparatus bay next to Safety Board and in KitchenStation 3Apparatus bay next to Safety BoardAll Fire Stations have eye wash stationsThis is required to be part of this training per WAC (3) (a) (i)
13 Emergency Exits and Procedures Classroom exits are to the back and sideExit signage has been removed from the station, excluding sleeping quarters, to be compliant with the IFC. Contact FF Fehr for questions about exit signage.Generally use exit the way you go into a building, be aware of alternate means of egress.This is required to be part of this training per WAC (3) (a) (iv)
14 Emergency Procedures Dial 911 for Fire, Medical and Police Station 1 Main Electrical Disconnect located on new ATSGenerator automatically starts on power failureMain Gas Shut off is in AlleyMain Water valve is in Furnace room and/or next to flag poleNon City PBX phone in Watch Room
16 PPEEFD Safety Policy 11Members shall not wear any clothing that is determined to be unsafe due to poor thermal stability or poor flame resistance when engaged in or exposed to the hazards of structural fire fighting.
17 PPEEFD Safety Policy 11Because it is impossible to ensure that every member will respond to an incident in a station/work uniform, or will change out of fabrics that have poor thermal stability or ignite easily, before donning protective garment, the Training Officer shall inform members of the hazards of fabrics that melt, drip, burn, stick to the skin and cause burns to the wearer due to poor thermal stability or poor flame resistance.
18 PPEWAC (5) (d)Members shall not wear any clothing that is determined to be unsafe due to poor thermal stability or poor flame resistance when engaged in or exposed to the hazards of structural fire fighting. Because it’s impossible to ensure that every member will respond to an incident in a station/work uniform or will change out of fabrics that have poor thermal stability or ignite easily, before donning protective garments, the fire department shall inform members of the hazards of fabrics that melt, drip, burn, stick to the skin and cause burns to the wearer due to poor thermal stability or poor flame resistance.
19 PPENFPA 1500 Standard on Fire Department Occupational Safety and Health Program 2007 Edition7.1.6 While on duty, members shall not wear any clothing that is unsafe due to poor thermal stability.
20 PPE Examples clothing with poor thermal stability: PolyesterNylonSome Dept. Issued Uniform ShirtsExamples of clothing with good thermal stability:100% CottonGarments meeting NFPA 1975
21 Use And Care of PPE It is your responsibility to wear proper PPE Bunker Gear, Boots, Helmet, SCBA, Gloves, Glasses, Goggles, Face shield, N95, Traffic Vests, EMS GownsIt is your responsibility to select proper PPEIt is your responsibility to clean your PPEIt is your responsibility to decon your PPE
22 EMS PPEFire fighters shall don emergency medical gloves prior to initiating any emergency patient care. (WAC (2))Fire fighters shall don emergency medical garments and emergency medical face protection devises prior to any patient care during which splashes of body fluids can occur such as situations involving spurting blood or childbirth. (WAC (3))
23 EMS PPEContaminated emergency medical garments, emergency medical face protection, gloves, devices, and emergency medical gloves shall be cleaned and disinfected, or disposed of, in accordance with chapter WAC, Occupational exposure to bloodborne pathogens. (WAC (4))
24 EMS PPETuberculosis (TB) exposure and respiratory protection requirements.(a) Fire fighters shall wear a particulate respirator (PR) when entering areas occupied by individuals with suspected or confirmed TB, when performing high risk procedures on such individuals or when transporting individuals with suspected or confirmed TB in a closed vehicle.(b) A NIOSH-approved, 95% efficient particulate air respirator is the minimum acceptable level of respiratory protection.(i) Fit tests are required.(ii) Fit tests shall be done in accordance with chapter WAC.WAC (15)
25 EMS PPE PERSONAL PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT (PPE) Gloves and eye protection should be worn for every patient.FULL PPE for possible infectious contactsDonning Sequence (MEGG)Mask* > Eye Protection > Gown > GlovesMask patient (if possible)Doffing (removal) SequenceGloves > Gown > Hand cleanerEye Protection > Mask > Hand cleanerHandle as contaminated wasteDecon Eye Protection*Fit tested2007 EMT Patient Care Protocol (current standing orders)
26 EMS PPE INFECTIOUS DISEASE PREVENTION HANDWASHING Wash Hands Hand washing is the most effective way to prevent transmission of infectious disease.Wash HandsAfter patient contactBefore eating, drinking, smoking or handling foodBefore & after using the bathroomAfter cleaning or checking equipment2007 EMT Patient Care Protocol (current standing orders)
27 Structural PPESafety Protective clothing shall be used and maintained in accordance with the manufacturer’s instructions. This requirement applies to personnel’s personally owned protective garments authorized for use.Safety Personal protective clothing shall be of a type specified by NIOSH, MSHA, NFPA, ANSI or as specifically referenced in WACSafety Each member/employee is responsible for the proper use, care and maintenance of assigned PPE.Safety Inspection intervals and washing of PPE shall not exceed 6 (six) months.
29 Hazard Communication This section will cover the following: What are hazardous chemicals,How do hazardous chemicals affect the body,what are the different types of hazardous chemicals,what is on product labels,what are material safety data sheetsHow to protect yourself from hazardous chemicals.“The Department of Labor & Industries – WISHA requires that we train our employees on the hazards of chemicals we use. This training is done to meet those regulations and to make sure you are protected from any harm from chemicals you may use.”1
30 What is hazard communication? Hazard communication or “hazcom” is our program where we tell you about the hazardous chemicals used in our workplace.We will also train you on how to protect yourself from the effects of these hazardous chemicals.Hazcom training is required by WISHA.“ The WISHA hazard communication (“hazcom”) regulations are found in the Core Rules – WAC We have copies if you wish to see them.”
31 What is a “hazardous chemical”? Hazard CommunicationWhat is a “hazardous chemical”?A hazardous chemical is any chemical that can do harm to your body.Most industrial chemicals can harm you at some level.It depends how much gets into your body.“Some chemicals are more toxic than others. Just a little bit of some chemicals entering your body could harm you. Others are much less toxic and it would take great amounts entering your body to do any harm.”
32 Hazard Communication How do hazardous chemicals affect the body? The effect a certain chemical has on the body depends on several factors:The physical form of the chemicalHow the chemical enters the bodyThe amount of chemical that actually enters the body - the doseHow toxic (poisonous) the chemical is“ A poisonous chemical will not do you any harm, obviously, if it does not enter your body.”
33 Types of Chemicals The Three Forms of Chemicals All chemicals exists in one of three forms:SolidLiquidGas“The physical form of the hazardous chemical can affect how hazardous it is and how it enters the body.”
34 Types of Chemicals Solids - Dusts Dust or powder can be released into the air by cutting, drilling, grinding or sanding and inhaled.Dust can also be stirred up by dry sweeping and inhaled.“ For example, cutting brick or cinder block without water can generate lots of dust that contains quartz (silica). If silica dust is inhaled it can scar the lungs and cause breathing problems.”
35 Types of Chemicals Solids – Fumes and Fibers Fumes are extremely small droplets of metal formed when the metal has been vaporized by high temperatures (usually welding)Some compounds are fibers which can be similar to dusts but they have an elongated shape (like asbestos or fiberglass)“ Metal fumes are formed during welding. Because of their tiny size, they are easily inhaled deep into the lungs and can be absorbed into the blood stream.”“Asbestos and quartz (or silica) are one of the most hazardous dusts because of the damage they do to the lungs. Fiberglass does not damage the lungs, but can be irritating to the respiratory system.”7
36 Types of Chemicals Solids - Dust Dust in the air can settle out on work surfaces, cups, plates, utensils, and food.The settled dust can be swallowed with food or drinks.“This is real problem with lead dust.”
37 Types of Chemicals Liquids Liquids can come into direct contact with the skin and be absorbed into the body.Liquids can be sprayed and form mists or evaporate and form vapors which can be inhaled.“Typical hazardous liquids are various types of solvents. Some liquid solvents are flammable and can be a fire hazard as well.”
38 Types of Chemicals Liquids (Mists) Mists can also be inhaled. Mists can settle on the skin and be absorbed.Airborne mists can also settle out and contaminate food or drink.“The most common exposure to mists is from inhalation. A common example of a mist exposure at work is paint overspray.”10
39 Types of Chemicals Gases and Vapors Gases are chemicals that are in the gas phase at room temperature.Vapors evaporate from substances that are liquids or solids at room temperature.Gases and vapors enter the body by inhalation.“Chlorine and methane are examples of gases. Most liquid solvents release vapors. Examples are acetone, paint thinner and gasoline. Gases do not normally pass through the skin. ”11
40 How Chemicals Enter the Body There Are Three Routes of Entry:Ingestion – swallowing the chemicalInhalation – breathing in the chemicalAbsorption – the chemical soaks through the skin“Inhalation is typically the most common way chemicals can enter the body in a work situation. Skin absorption is less common, but can occur with some solvents and pesticides. Ingestion is usually not a major problem in the workplace except in certain situations.”12
41 How Chemicals Enter the Body Ingestion (Swallowing)Chemicals that are swallowed are absorbed in the digestive tract.Chemicals can rub off dirty hands and contaminate food, drinks or tobacco products.Chemicals in the air can settle on food or drink and be swallowed.“This is another good reason to wash your hands before eating, drinking or smoking.”13
42 How Chemicals Enter the Body Inhalation (Breathing)Airborne chemicals are breathed in through the mouth or nose.The size of particles or droplets can affect where the chemical settles in the respiratory tract.Where the chemical settles in the respiratory tract determines what symptoms or diseases will develop.“Some chemicals settle in the nose and throat, some go deeper into the lungs. The chemicals that go deeper in the lungs often cause more damage. Fine dust usually goes deep into the lungs”14
43 How Chemicals Enter the Body Skin AbsorptionSome chemicals can pass through the skin and be taken into the body’s systems.Solvents and pesticides are examples of compounds that can be absorbed through the skin.“Some chemicals are absorbed through the skin more easily than others. Many insecticides and some solvents are easily absorbed through the skin.”[note: during slide show photo appears after 4 second delay.]
44 Chemical Toxicity Toxicity: how poisonous are chemicals? Dose - The effects of any toxic chemical depends on the amount of a chemical that actually enters the body.Acute Toxicity - the measure of how toxic a chemical is in a single dose over a short period of time.Chronic Toxicity – the measure of the toxicity of exposure to a chemical over a long period of time.[Optional slide. These terms are often used in MSDSs.] “ Some chemicals can cause problems immediately, others may not hurt you until you have been exposed for a long time”
45 Chemical Toxicity Chronic Toxicity and Acute Toxicity Some chemicals will only make you sick if you get an ‘acute” or high dose all at once. Example - ammoniaSome chemicals are mainly known for their chronic or long-term effects. Example - asbestosMost chemicals have both acute and chronic effects. Example – carbon monoxide“Ammonia smells terrible and irritates the nose, but doesn’t really hurt you except at very high levels where it can burn your lungs. At lower levels, it has no long-term effects. Asbestos has no immediate effects , but over the long-run causes breathing problems or lung cancer. Carbon monoxide can kill you in minutes at a high enough level, but also give you headaches and eventually damage your heart if you breathe it day after day at low levels.”
46 Chemical Exposure Limits Chemical ToxicityChemical Exposure LimitsMany chemicals have exposure limits, or allowable amounts of a chemical in the air.These limits are often called “PELs” or “TLVs”.They are based on 8-hour average exposure or ceiling or peak levels.Levels must be kept below these limits for safety.PEL“PEL” means “permissible exposure limit”. “TLV” – means “threshold limit value”. WISHA regulations have PELs for about 600 chemicals. Often the MSDS will list the OSHA PEL which can be different from the WISHA PEL. The limits are usually expressed as parts per million (ppm) or milligrams per cubic meter (mg/cu. meter). Your exposure to chemicals cannot exceed these limits.”example: 100 parts per million
47 Toxic Chemicals Carcinogens Carcinogens are cancer-causing compounds. Some chemicals are known human carcinogens, others are only suspected as carcinogens.WISHA has regulations covering the general use of carcinogens, and has specific regulations for several known human carcinogens.“A manufacturer is required to list any carcinogens in their product even if the amount is as low as 0.1% of the product. The allowable exposure limits for carcinogens are either extremely low or at zero.”
48 Toxic Chemicals Carcinogens WISHA and OSHA have specific regulations on the following carcinogens:Vinyl ChlorideAcrylonitrile1,2,-Dibromo-3-chloropropane (DBCP)Inorganic ArsenicEthylene OxideCadmiumButadieneMethylene ChlorideBenzene“Benzene, Vinyl chloride and DBCP are rarely used anymore. Methylene chloride is found in many paint strippers. Cadmium is sometimes found in metal coatings or in paint pigments. Ethylene oxide is used as a sterilant in hospitals. Arsenic can be found in many things, but its use has dropped in recent years. Acrylonitrile and butadiene are used to make plastics”
49 Toxic Chemicals Other Groups of Toxic Chemicals Teratogens Teratogens are compounds that can harm the developing fetus, causing birth defects or death.MutagensMutagens cause genetic mutations or changes. These mutations can cause birth defects or other problems in following generations or may lead to cancer in the exposed person.“ As an example of a tetratogen, some you may remember, the drug Thalidomide taken by pregnant woman in the 1950’s that cause babies to be born without arms or legs. Fortunately, there are few chemicals in common use today that are in this group.”
50 Toxic Chemicals Other Groups of Toxic Chemicals Sensitizers Sensitizers can “switch on” a reaction in an individual worker.The reaction to a sensitizer depends upon the individual worker.Once a worker becomes sensitized to a compound, smaller and smaller exposures can cause a reaction, and the reactions can become more severe.“One well-known example of a sensitizer is isocyanates found in polyurethane paint used in some auto paint shops.”
51 Corrosive Chemicals Corrosive Chemicals Acids and bases are common corrosive chemicals.Corrosive chemicals are capable of damaging skin, eyes and the respiratory system.“Corrosive chemicals may or may not have an internal effect on the body, but usually affect the skin or eyes, irritating or destroying tissue. This can also happen in the lungs if corrosive chemical vapors are inhaled.”
52 Corrosive Chemicals Corrosive Chemicals - Skin Corrosives can cause visible skin burns or damage.The extent of skin damage depends on how long the corrosive is on the skin and how concentrated the corrosive is.“The longer the corrosive is on your skin, the greater the injury. The more concentrated the corrosive, the greater the damage.”
53 Corrosive Chemicals Corrosive Chemicals – Inhalation and Eyes Inhalation of corrosive mists or vapors can cause severe bronchial irritation.Corrosives are especially damaging to the eyes.“Corrosive chemicals main hazard is splashes to the eyes or skin. Goggles are essential when handling strong corrosives. Eyewashes are required where corrosives are handled. Damage to the eyes can be minimized by quick and thorough rinsing of the eyes.”
54 Corrosive Chemicals Examples of Corrosive Chemicals Sulfuric AcidAmmoniaChromic acidPhenolAcetic AcidChlorine“These are just a few examples of corrosive chemicals.” [You can also list or describe corrosive chemicals used at your workplace here.]Batteries contain sulfuric acid
55 Protection from Corrosives Corrosive ChemicalsProtection from CorrosivesProtective gloves & clothingGogglesEyewashesWater (for splashes on the skin)“ Protective clothing and goggles are the first line of defense, emergency eyewashes showers are used after a splash or spill occurs.”
56 Flammable Liquids Properties of Flammable Liquids The vapor of a flammable liquid ignites and causes fire or explosion – not the liquid itself.The flammability of a liquid depends on its physical properties:Vapor PressureFlash PointLimits of FlammabilityVapor Density“Flammable liquids include fuels like gasoline and various types of solvents.”
57 Flammable Liquids Vapor Pressure Vapor pressure is a measure of how fast a liquid evaporates.The higher the vapor pressure the more rapidly the liquid will evaporate.Vapor pressure goes up and down with the temperature of the liquid.“ Usually, the higher the vapor pressure, the more flammable the liquid is. However, some chemicals have high vapor pressure, but don’t burn. An example is methylene chloride, a chemical used in many paint strippers.”
58 Flammable Liquids Flash Point The flash point is the lowest temperature that a flammable liquid can generate enough vapor to form a mixture with air that will ignite.“For example, gasoline has a much lower flash point than motor oil. The lower the flashpoint, the more easily the liquid will burn or catch fire.”
59 Flammable Liquids Limits of Flammability The limits of flammability is the range that a mixture of air and vapor is flammable.Mixtures can be too lean (not enough vapor) or too rich (too much vapor) to ignite and burn.“An example is an automobile engine. Even though gasoline is very flammable, the car won’t run if the mixture is too rich (too much gasoline vapor) or too lean in the carburetor or fuel injection system.”
60 Flammable Liquids Flammable Limits Example “This slide shows that acetone will not burn or explode if it is less than 2.5% in the air or more than 12.8% in the air. Acetone is the sweet-smelling chemical used in finger nail polish remover and in many solvents”LEL – “lower explosive limit”UEL – “upper explosive limit”
61 Flammable Liquids Lower Explosive Limit – LEL In most work situations, the “lower explosive limit” (LEL) is the main concern.Vapors from flammable liquids can be found in the workplace, but are often too diluted to catch fire or explode.“ Vapors that exceed the LEL are usually toxic as well, and lower the amount of oxygen. So if the explosion or fire doesn’t harm you, the toxicity or lack of oxygen probably will.”[click on the speaker to hear an explosion.]However, these vapors can quickly go above the LEL in small room or confined space like a tank.
62 Flammable Liquids Vapor Density “Vapor density” is a measure of how heavy a vapor is compared to air.Vapors with a density greater than 1.0 are heavier than air and can collect near the floor, and “flow” like a liquid.This may create a fire/explosion hazard if the vapor flows to an ignition source.“ An example of vapors heavier than air include propane. A leak from a propane tank will often settle in the lowest part of building or ground.”
63 Metals Hazards of Metals Metals can be both physical hazards and health hazards.Some metals can ignite and explode – magnesium, or dusts/filings of other metals such as aluminumSome metals are almost non-toxic – iron, aluminumOthers are very toxic – lead, cadmium, mercury, beryllium“Metals can present different hazards from poisoning to explosions and fire. Metals can cause health effects such as elevated blood pressure, brain damage, kidney failure and death. Some metals such as magnesium can burn rapidly and intensely. Airborne dusts and filings of some metal such as aluminum, can explode when ignited. Some metals are carcinogenic – ex. chromates found in paints or in metal plating”
64 Our Worksite Information The following operations or work areas is where hazardous chemicals are present:Anytime Products of Combustion are PresentMotor Vehicle IndentsDecontamination of EquipmentFueling Equipment/ApparatusCleaning Station/Bathrooms
65 How do you get information about Getting InformationHow do you get information abouthazardous chemicals?You can get information two ways:from the product label,from the product material safety data sheet.“ Labels are sketchy and don’t have all the information about the hazards of chemicals in a product. MSDSs usually provide much more information, although it may not always be easy to understand.”MSDS
66 What is on the product label? Getting InformationWhat is on the product label?The manufacturer,The name of the product,a hazard warning,a list of hazardous ingredients“A label of course may have lots of other information not related to its hazards – amounts, advertising, directions for use, etc. But the label must include a list of the hazardous ingredients, a hazard warning and name and address of the manufacturer. Sometimes this information is on the back or side of the container.”
67 Getting Information MSDS What is a material safety data sheet? Material safety data sheets or “MSDSs” are information sheets on products that:tells what chemicals are in the product,what the hazards of the chemicals are,how to protect yourself from the hazards.MSDS“The chemical hazard communication standard requires that producers and importers of hazardous chemicals develop Material Safety Data Sheets for their products. These MSDSs contain information on the hazardous chemicals in a product and come with every chemical product we use.”
68 Material Safety Data Sheet [see following slides which outline information found on this MSDS.]
69 Material Safety Data Sheet MSDSs – what information do they have?Names of hazardous chemicals in a product,Physical and chemical properties of the product,Physical hazards of working with the product,Health hazards of working with the product (including signs and symptoms of overexposures),AcetoneFlammable & highly volatile[optional slide – you can print out the previous slide or use your own MSDS sheets, and go over it section by section with your employees. The information in red on the right is from the previous MSDS slide.]BurnsHeadaches, eye irritation
70 Material Safety Data Sheet Material safety data sheets (continued)The main way the chemical enters the body,The legal limit allowed in the airIf the chemical is a carcinogenPrecautions for safe use of the hazardous chemical,Inhalation750 ppm[optional slide]NoUse with adequate ventilation, keep away from open flame
71 Material Safety Data Sheet Material safety data sheets (continued)Exposure control methods, including personal protective equipment,Emergency and first aid procedures,The date the MSDS was prepared or revised,Name, address and phone number of the person responsible for the information in the MSDS.Wear respirator, rubber glovesEyes: flush with water for 15 minutes[optional slide]1996John Doe 1234 Maple St. Anywhere, USA
72 Our Worksite Information Material Safety Data Sheets are located in the watch Station 1[Employees must have access to material safety data sheets. They can be kept almost anywhere including on a computer as long as it is easy for employees to access them]
73 Our Worksite Information We have done air sampling in the following locations: Quarterly Reports for Compressed Breathing Air[This is an optional slide, to use if you have done air sampling or had it done for you.]Results of this air sampling can be found at the following location: Safety Bulletin Boards
74 Container LabelingAll chemicals need to be labeled properly if not stored in original container1
75 You can protect yourself from hazardous chemicals by: Protecting YourselfYou can protect yourself from hazardous chemicals by:Knowing what is in the product your work with,Using the smallest amount of a chemical to do the job,“When using chemicals, more is not always better. Smaller amounts mean less goes into the air and less is spilled or splashed.“ Equipment needs to be maintained to prevent or minimize leaks or releases of chemicals into the work area”Maintaining machinery and equipment to prevent leaks or releases,
76 Protecting Yourself Protect yourself from hazardous chemicals by: Using ventilation to reduce amounts of chemicals in the air,Enclosing a chemical process as much as possible,“ Personal protective equipment includes gloves, goggles, safety glasses, aprons, coveralls, Tyvek as well as respirators. PPE is the last resort for protection when there is no other means of reducing chemical exposure.Wearing necessary personal protective equipment.
77 In the case of a leak or spill, protect yourself by: Protecting YourselfIn the case of a leak or spill, protect yourself by:Informing your supervisor of unusual odors, spills, or releases,Leaving an area of a large spill or chemical release.“Don’t ignore any unusual odors, or stronger than normal odors. This may indicate a leak or release, or if you are wearing a respirator, it may indicate a poor fit, a leak or a used up cartridge. Large leaks, spills or release of a chemical may overwhelm your respirator. Don’t be a hero, get help and proceed cautiously or let the experts clean up the spill.”
78 If you have been exposed to a chemical and feel sick: Protecting YourselfIf you have been exposed to a chemical and feel sick:Let your supervisor know,Find out what the chemical was,Follow the first aid directions in the MSDS,Get medical attention as needed,Check your PPE before going back to the area.“ Obviously, not all sickness is from exposure to chemicals. But if you know you have inhaled a chemical, spilled a chemical on your skin, or ingested some and you feel sick, we want to know. Our intent is to have a safe and healthy workplace and we want to fix any problems.” [Add your company policies here]
80 Fire Department total Safety Program The Fire Department Total Safety Program Includes:EFD Safety PoliciesEFD Policies (AKA SOPs or SOGs)WACs, CFRs and EMS ProtocolsSpecific Safety TrainingIncorporating Safety in All TrainingRisk ManagementIndividual Safety
82 Task Safety Working with fire hose What is required PPE? Fire Helmet DOT HelmetEye ProtectionBunker GlovesEMS GlovesSteel Toe BootsSCBABunker GearHearing Protection
83 Task Safety Working with fire hose What is required PPE? Fire Helmet DOT HelmetEye ProtectionBunker GlovesEMS GlovesSteel Toe BootsSCBABunker GearHearing Protection
84 Task Safety Interior Team for Structure Fire What is required PPE? Fire HelmetDOT HelmetEye ProtectionBunker GlovesEMS GlovesSteel Toe BootsSCBABunker GearHearing Protection
85 Task Safety Interior Team for Structure Fire What is required PPE? Fire HelmetDOT HelmetEye Protection (SCBA Mask)Bunker GlovesEMS GlovesSteel Toe Boots (Bunker boots)SCBA (on air)Bunker GearHearing Protection
86 Task Safety Pump Operator working as Standby Firefighter What is required PPE?Fire HelmetDOT HelmetSCBA MaskBunker GlovesEMS GlovesSteel Toe BootsSCBABunker GearHearing Protection
87 Task Safety Pump Operator working as Standby Firefighter What is required PPE?Fire HelmetDOT HelmetSCBA Mask (in Standby mode)Bunker GlovesEMS GlovesSteel Toe Boots (bunker boots)SCBA (Must be donned)Bunker GearHearing Protection
88 Task Safety EMS Patient Care What is required PPE? Fire Helmet DOT HelmetEye ProtectionBunker GlovesEMS GlovesSteel Toe BootsSCBABunker GearHearing Protection
89 Task Safety EMS Patient Care What is required PPE? Fire Helmet DOT HelmetEye Protection (Should be worn per KCEMS)Bunker GlovesEMS GlovesSteel Toe BootsSCBABunker GearHearing Protection