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Hazard Communication 2013 Jonathan Roberts, MS, CSHO, GSP Oklahoma Department of Corrections Safety Administration Unit.

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Presentation on theme: "Hazard Communication 2013 Jonathan Roberts, MS, CSHO, GSP Oklahoma Department of Corrections Safety Administration Unit."— Presentation transcript:

1 Hazard Communication 2013 Jonathan Roberts, MS, CSHO, GSP Oklahoma Department of Corrections Safety Administration Unit

2 Effective Dates

3 Benefits of understanding chemical hazards Prevent injuries, deaths from: Violent chemical reactions, fires, explosions Burns, irritation, trouble breathing, nausea, diseases 1a

4 Benefits of understanding chemical hazards Manufacturers, importers: Classify chemical hazards Provide labels, safety data sheets (SDSs) 1b

5 Detecting hazardous chemicals in work areas Air monitoring equipment Appearance, odor Physical, chemical characteristics Unknown chemicals to be considered hazardous 2a

6 Physical and health hazards Chemical manufacturers or importers must classify chemicals according to the physical and health hazards A chemical can have both physical and health hazards 3a

7 Physical and health hazards Hazard classifications have sub-categories Warning statements, phrases, other label elements are specified after classification 3b

8 Physical hazards: 1.Explosives 2.Flammable gases 3.Flammable aerosols 4.Flammable liquids 5.Flammable solids 6.Oxidizing liquids 7.Oxidizing solids 8.Oxidizing gases 9.Self-Reactive substances 10. Pyrophoric liquids 11. Pyrophoric solids 12. Self-heating substances 13. Organic peroxides 14. Corrosive to metals 15. Gases under pressure 16. Substances which, in contact with water emit flammable gases 4a

9 Physical hazards Pyrophoric gas - spontaneously ignites at 130°F or below Combustible dust - build-up can ignite if suspended in air in confined area Grains, sugar Charcoal, soot Chemicals (sulfur) Metals (magnesium, aluminum) Plastics, resins 4b

10 Health hazards Acutely toxicity Skin corrosion or irritation Serious eye damage or irritation Respiratory or skin sensitization Germ cell mutagen Carcinogenicity Reproductive toxin Target organ systemic toxin Single exposure Repeated exposure Aspiration hazard 5a

11 Health hazards Simple asphyxiant - displaces oxygen in the air to create an oxygen-deficient atmosphere that can lead to unconsciousness, death 5b

12 Health hazards Health effects: Can occur rapidly after brief exposure (acute) Long-term effects after prolonged, repeated exposure (chronic) 5c

13 Protective control measures Engineering controls Administrative, work practice controls 7a

14 Protective control measures Enclosing operations Ventilation equipment Substituting less hazardous chemicals Safer chemical handling procedures 7b

15 Personal protective equipment (PPE) Used when hazards are not completely controlled or eliminated by other control measures PPE selection based on hazard assessment and effectiveness of PPE 8a

16 Personal protective equipment (PPE) Chemical-resistant: Goggles Face shields Gloves Boots Coveralls Aprons Respirators Do not use damaged, malfunctioning PPE 8b

17 Emergency procedures Chemical emergencies can involve fires, explosions, burns, asphyxiations Unknown chemicals are considered to be hazardous Emergency responders manage: Releases of unknown chemicals Any potentially dangerous release Others go to safe area, report emergency 9a

18 First aid Read SDSs for first aid information before using chemical Report overexposures to any chemical Get prompt first aid, medical attention 10a

19 First aid Contact with corrosive, irritating chemicals: Know locations of emergency eyewash, showers Learn how to use eyewash, showers Flush eyes/skin with water 10b

20 First aid Use the eyewash: Activate water stream Hold both eyes open, lift eyelids Often recommended to flush at least 15 minutes Get professional medical assistance after flushing 10c

21 First aid Overexposure from breathing vapors, gases, aerosols, fumes, dust: Move victim to safe area with fresh air Get emergency medical assistance 10d

22 First aid Ingesting chemicals: Call poison control center, emergency medical responders Have information from SDS available Only induce vomiting or give water if advised by a medical provider 10e

23 Written HazCom program OSHA’s HazCom standard includes requirements for: Chemical classification Safety data sheets (SDSs) Labeling Written HazCom program Employee information, training Provisions for trade secrets 11a

24 Written HazCom program Written HazCom program: Labels, warnings Safety data sheets (SDSs) Employee information, training List of hazardous chemicals How employees learn hazards of non-routine tasks Hazards of chemicals in unlabeled pipes 11b

25 Written HazCom program List of hazardous chemicals: Product identifier referenced on SDS Entire workplace or separate areas Items not on list if HazCom standard does not apply to them: Hazardous waste Tobacco Many types of wood products Manufactured articles Food in store, restaurant Certain drugs Cosmetics Certain consumer products Nuisance particulates Radiation Biological hazards 11c

26 Labeling overview Labels warn of potential dangers Labels are not intended to be the sole source of information Labels serve as an immediate warning Containers need labels Pipes, fuel tanks, engines are not containers 12a

27 Labeling overview Label provisions for hazardous solids: Solid metal Solid wood or plastic the could release hazardous chemicals during downstream use Whole grain Labels for solids can be sent with first purchase only: Exception applies to the solids, not to accompanying hazardous chemicals that pose a risk to employees during transit 12b

28 Labeling overview HazCom labels not required for hazardous chemicals labeled under other laws: Chemicals labeled under EPA rules Foods, flavors, fragrances, cosmetics, drugs, medical products Alcoholic beverages for non-industrial use Consumer products Seed treated with pesticides SDSs are still required for these hazardous chemicals 12c

29 Labeling overview While HazCom 2012 is phased in, you will still see labels meeting previous rule: Identity of hazardous chemical Appropriate hazard warnings Name and address of manufacturer, importer, or other responsible party 12d

30 Labeling - shipped containers Product identifier (matches SDS and list) Signal word (Danger = severe hazard; Warning = less severe) Hazard statement (based on hazard class and category) Pictogram (symbol to show hazard class) Precautionary statement (safe use, storage) Name, address, phone number of manufacturer, importer, or responsible party to contact for emergency information 13a

31 Labeling - shipped containers 13b

32 Labeling - shipped containers 13c Flame Over Circle Flame Exploding Bomb Oxidizers Flammables Self-reactives Pyrophorics Self-heating Emits flammable gas Organic peroxides Explosives Self-reactives Organic peroxides

33 Labeling - shipped containers 13d Skull and CrossbonesCorrosionGas Cylinder Acute toxicity (severe) Skin corrosion; burns Eye damage Corrosive to metals Gases under pressure

34 Labeling - shipped containers 13e Health HazardExclamation MarkEnvironmental Carcinogen Respiratory Sensitizer Reproductive Toxicity Target organ toxicity Mutagenicity Aspiration toxicity Irritant Dermal sensitizer Acute toxicity (harmful) Narcotic effects Respiratory tract irritation Environmental toxicity

35 Labeling - shipped containers OSHA-defined hazards - Simple asphyxiant: No pictogram Signal word = “WARNING” Hazard statement = “May displace oxygen and cause rapid suffocation” 13f

36 Labeling - shipped containers OSHA-defined hazards - Combustible dust : No pictogram Signal word = “WARNING” Hazard statement = “May form combustible dust concentrations in air” 13g

37 Labeling - shipped containers OSHA-defined hazards - Pyrophoric gas: Flame pictogram Signal word = “DANGER” Hazard statement = “Catches fire spontaneously if exposed to air” 13h

38 Labeling - in-house containers Rely on labels on shipped containers Re-label if label falls off Re-label if label cannot be read 14a

39 Labeling - in-house containers Transferring hazardous chemicals to another container: Must label container if another person will use it Must label container if it is available during another shift 14b

40 Labeling - in-house containers Individual stationary containers (i.e., tanks) may use: Signs Placards Batch tickets Operating procedures These alternatives must provide the same information as would a label 14c

41 Labeling - in-house containers Different system for in-house labels: Product identifier Words, pictures, symbols, or a combination of these, that provide at least general information on the hazards of the chemicals 14d

42 Labeling - in-house containers NFPA system identifies: Health hazards - Blue Flammability hazards - Red Reactivity hazards - Yellow Special hazards - White Hazard severity (0 to 4): 0 = none 4 = severe 14e

43 Labeling - in-house containers HMIS system identifies: Health hazards - Blue Flammability hazards - Red Physical hazards - Orange Personal protection - White Hazard severity (0 to 4): 0 = minimal 1 = slight 2 = moderate 3 = serious 4 = severe 14f

44 Hazards of nonroutine tasks, unlabeled pipes Identify the chemicals you work with Know their hazards Use the chemicals correctly Know the contents of unlabeled pipes 15a

45 Safety data sheet (SDS) Chemical fact sheets Provided by chemical suppliers Employer keeps them up to date Must be in English Immediately available Report missing SDSs 16a

46 Safety data sheet (SDS) Use: Verify label information PPE recommendations Symptoms, health effects First aid Emergency procedures 16b

47 Safety data sheet (SDS) SDSs contain all Sections in order Section 1 - Identification: Product ID Manufacturer name, address, phone number Emergency phone Recommended use Restrictions on use Section 2 - Hazard identification: All hazards Required label elements 17a

48 Safety data sheet (SDS) Section 3 - Composition: Chemical name, synonyms CAS number Percentage of ingredients Trade secret claims Section 4 - First aid: Required treatment for each route of exposure Acute (immediate) symptoms, effects Immediate, special treatments 17b

49 Safety data sheet (SDS) Section 5 - Fire fighting: Extinguishing techniques Extinguishing equipment Hazardous combustion products Equipment, precautions for firefighters Section 6 - Accidental release: Personal precautions Protective equipment Emergency procedures Containment and cleanup methods 17c

50 Safety data sheet (SDS) Section 7 - Handling, storage: Safe handling Safe storage Incompatible materials Section 8 - Exposure control, Personal protection: Permissible exposure limits (PELs) Threshold limit values (TLVs), other exposure limits Engineering controls Personal protective equipment (PPE) 17d

51 Safety data sheet (SDS) Section 9 - Physical, chemical properties: Chemical appearance Odor, odor threshold Physical properties (pH, flash point, flammability limits, vapor pressure and density, auto-ignition temp., decomposition temp., viscosity, etc.) Section 10 - Stability, reactivity Conditions to avoid Incompatible materials Hazardous decomposition products 17e

52 Safety data sheet (SDS) Section 11 - Toxicological information: Routes of exposure Immediate, chronic effects Toxicity data Carcinogenicity Section 12 - Ecological information (non-mandatory): Ecotoxicity Biodegradability 17f

53 Safety data sheet (SDS) Section 13 - Disposal considerations (non-mandatory): Waste description Waste handling, disposal Section 14 - Transport information (non-mandatory) DOT shipping name, hazard class, packing group UN number 17g

54 Safety data sheet (SDS) Section 15 - Regulatory information (non-mandatory): Product-specific safety, health, environmental regulations Section 16 - Other information: Date of SDS’s preparation or last revision SDS indicates if no relevant information is available within a Section 17h

55 Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS) Being replaced with SDSs MSDSs have no standardized format, but must include certain information 18a

56 Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS) Chemical identity Physical and chemical characteristics Physical and health hazards Primary routes of entry 18b

57 Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS) PEL, TLV, other exposure limits Whether it is a carcinogen Precautions for safe handling, use Control measures (Engineering, administrative, work practice controls) 18c

58 Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS) Emergency first aid procedures Date of preparation Name, address, phone number of manufacturer, importer, responsible party 18d

59 Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS) MSDSs may also provide information regarding: Signs, symptoms of exposure Personal protective equipment Spill and leak clean-up Labeling information 18e

60 Use, Dispensing techniques Check label, SDS Wear PPE Operate ventilation Take only what you need Keep containers closed Do not use near heat, sparks, open flames 19a

61 Use, Dispensing techniques Mixing some chemicals can cause dangerous reactions Do not mix chemicals without instructions Do not re-use containers 19b

62 Use, Dispensing techniques Chemical transfer precautions: Wear PPE Work in well-ventilated area Use the proper container Extra precautions for flammable liquids: Electrically ground and bond containers Using non-sparking tools Pump from vertical drum Self-closing valve from horizontal drum 19c

63 Chemical storage Prevent: Spills Chemical reactions Fires Review SDS Separate storage room, cabinet Segregate incompatible chemicals, compressed gas cylinders 20a

64 Chemical disposal Regulated as hazardous waste Collect and dispose of properly Do not mix wastes without instructions Do not pour into a sewer, sink Properly decontaminate tools 21a

65 HazCom Summary Methods, observations to detect chemicals Information on physical, health, simple asphyxiation, combustible dust, pyrophoric gas, and other hazards not otherwise classified Safe work practices, emergency procedures, and PPE use 22a

66 HazCom Summary Details of HazCom program: Labels on shipped containers Labeling used on in-house containers Safety Data Sheets and the order of information Always ask for HazCom help if you have any questions 23a

67 Contact Information Safety Administration Unit Jonathan Roberts, MS, CSHO, GSP Phone: 405-425-7144 email: Ronnie Aldridge Phone: 405-425-7143 email:


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