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Hazard Communication & Global Harmonization. Objectives Know basic requirements of OSHA’s Hazard Communication Standard Understand the new Global Harmonization.

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Presentation on theme: "Hazard Communication & Global Harmonization. Objectives Know basic requirements of OSHA’s Hazard Communication Standard Understand the new Global Harmonization."— Presentation transcript:

1 Hazard Communication & Global Harmonization

2 Objectives Know basic requirements of OSHA’s Hazard Communication Standard Understand the new Global Harmonization requirements incorporated into the standard in 2012

3 History of Hazard Communication Promulgated in 1983 for manufacturing only –32 million workers exposed to chemicals –575,000 hazardous chemicals in workplaces –40,000 to 50,000 chemical illness each year 1987 expanded to all industries 2012 Global Harmonization requirements added 3

4 Hazard Communication 29 CFR 1910.1200 Also know as “Right to Know Law” or HAZCOM Prevention of injuries and illnesses from chemical exposure Provide knowledge of hazards to employees Most cited OSHA standard for many years 4

5 Purpose Ensure chemicals produced or imported evaluated Ensure the hazards of chemicals are transmitted to employers and employees Ensure consistency in evaluation and classifying hazards 5

6 Does not apply to: Hazardous waste Tobacco Wood products that are not hazardous Articles Food or alcohol Drugs Cosmetics Consumer products Nuisance particles Ionizing and non-ionizing radiation Biological hazards 6

7 Who Is Responsible? Chemical Manufacturers Importers & Distributors Employers Employees

8 Chemical Manufacturers & Importers Determine hazards of products Communicate information to customers through labels and SDSs (Safety Data Sheets) 8

9 Employers Identify and list chemicals in workplace Obtain and retain SDSs for each chemical Label secondary containers Develop written Hazard Communication Program Provide personal protective equipment Train employees 9

10 Employees Comply with company’s written Hazard Communication Program Follow warnings and cautions on labels and SDS’s Wear appropriate PPE as required Prepare hazard labels for new containers when hazardous materials are transferred from manufacturers containers 10

11 Employee Training How the company’s HAZCOM Program is implemented Hazards of chemicals in their work area Measures to take to protect themselves Location of PPE Methods and observations workers can use to detect the presence of a chemical 11

12 Labels and Warnings Each chemical container must be labeled, tagged or marked with identity of the chemical and its hazards Labels must be in English and prominent 12

13 SDSs Developed by chemical manufacturer or importer Must be provided with each shipment of chemicals Must provide information about the chemical including hazards 13

14 Chemical Inventory Include all hazardous substances as well as potentially hazardous materials Consider all physical forms of chemicals- liquids, solids, gases, vapors, fumes, and mists Identify chemicals in containers including pipes Include chemicals generated by processes such as welding fumes, dusts, and exhaust fumes

15 Created Chemical Hazards

16 Global Harmonization System- GHS GHS refers to the United Nations Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labeling of Chemicals Initiated at UN Conference in Rio de Janeiro in 1992 Standardizes definitions of health, physical and environmental data Standardizes hazard classification Standardizes hazard communication

17 GHS Benefits Enhances protection of human health and the environment Reduces need for duplicative testing of chemicals Increases efficiency by reducing cost of regulatory compliance 17

18 Changes to OSHA’s HAZCOM Standard Minimal MSDSs now SDSs (Safety Data Sheets) “Right to Know” now “Right to Understand” OSHA Defined Hazards not in GHS 1.Pyrophoric gas 2.Simple asphyxiant 3.Combustible Dust 4.Hazard Not Otherwise Classified (HNOC) No more 1% rule Some chemicals not hazardous in past may be hazardous now and vice versa 18

19 GHS Physical Hazards Explosives Flammable gases Flammable aerosols Oxidizing gases Gases under pressure Flammable liquids Flammable solids Self-reactive substances and mixtures Organic peroxides Corrosive to metals Self-heating substances and mixtures Pyrophoric liquids Pyrophoric solids Substances and mixtures which, in contact with water, emit flammable gases Oxidizing liquids Oxidizing solids Pyrophoric gases (OSHA) Combustible dusts (OSHA) Hazard Not Otherwise Classified (HNOC) (OSHA)

20 GHS Health Hazards Acute toxicity Skin corrosion/irritation Serious eye damage/irritation Respiratory or skin sensitization Germ cell mutagenicity Carcinogenicity Reproductive toxicity Specific target organ toxicity Aspiration hazard Simple asphyxiant (OSHA) 20

21 GHS Environmental Hazards Permitted by OSHA but not required –Aquatic toxicity –Hazardous to the ozone layer 21

22 Hazard Classification Data for chemicals compared to criteria and definitions in Appendices of OSHA standard. Example – Pyrophoric solid –Appendix B- Physical Hazard Criteria Category 1 if the solid ignites within 5 minutes of coming in contact with air –Appendix C- Allocation of Label Elements Signal Word- “Danger” Hazard Statement- “Catches fire spontaneously if exposed to air.” Precautionary Statements- “Do not allow contact with air.” 22

23 Labels 23

24 Label Content Shipped Containers Product identifier Signal word (Danger or Warning) Hazard statement Pictogram Precautionary Statement Name, address and phone number of manufacturer or supplier 24

25 Signal Words or Danger- More severe hazards Warning- Less severe hazards

26 Pictograms Nine pictograms under GHS Eight pictograms adopted by OSHA (environmental not adopted) Red border, black symbol, white background 26

27 Exploding Bomb Pictogram Explosives Self-reactives Organic peroxides 27

28 Flame Pictogram Flammables Self-Reactives Pyrophorics Self-Heating Emits Flammable Gas Organic peroxides 28

29 Flame over Circle Pictogram Oxidizers 29

30 Gas Cylinder Pictogram Gases under Pressure 30

31 Corrosion Pictogram Corrosive to metal Corrosive to skin Corrosive to eyes 31

32 Skull & Crossbones Pictogram Severe acute toxicity 32

33 Exclamation Mark Pictogram Irritant Skin sensitizer Less severe acute toxicity Narcotic effects Respiratory irritation 33

34 Health Hazard Pictogram Carcinogen Respiratory sensitizer Reproductive toxin Target organ toxicity Mutagen Aspiration hazard 34

35 Environment Pictogram Environmental hazard 35

36 Hazard Statement Standardized harmonized statement Chosen from tables in Appendix C, based on the chemical classification Example Flammable Liquids –Category 1: Extremely flammable liquid and vapor –Category 2: Highly flammable liquid and vapor –Category 3: Flammable liquid and vapor –Category 4: Combustible liquid 36

37 Precautionary Statement Standardized statements that supplement information on the label. Chosen from tables in Appendix C, based on the chemical classification Four types- –Prevention –Emergency Response –Storage –Disposal 37

38 New Label Example 38

39 In-House GHS Labels Labels will be required to have 5 parts: 1.Product identifier 2.Pictogram 3.Signal words 4.Hazard statement 5.Precautionary statement or Product identifier and words, pictures, symbols or combinations, which provide employees with specific information regarding the physical and health hazards of hazardous chemicals

40 Hazardous Materials Identification System- HMIS


42 GHS SDS Sections 1.Identification 2.Hazard Identification 3.Composition/Info on Ingredients 4.First Aid Measures 5.Fire Fighting Measures 6.Accidental Release/Spills 7.Handling & Storage 8.Exposure Controls/PPE

43 GHS SDS Sections (continued) 9. Physical/Chemical Properties 10. Stability/Reactivity 11. Toxicological Info. 12. Ecological Info. 13. Disposal Considerations 14. Transport Info. 15. Regulatory Info. 16. Other Information

44 Effective Dates Final Rule Effective – July 2012 Employers must train employees of the new labels and SDS formats by 12/31/2013 Manufacturers, importers, distributors and employers must comply by 6/1/15 Distributors cannot ship containers with non- compliant labels after 12/1/15 Employers must update HAZCOM Programs and provide additional training on new hazards by 6/1/2016 44

45 What should employers be doing? Read and understand new hazard classifications Review and update SDSs for changes in hazards Assess workplace controls is light of new classifications Review and update HAZCOM Program Review and update in-house labeling Keep list of hazardous chemicals up-to date Train employees in new labels Train employees in changes to SDSs Train employees is new hazard classifications 45

46 Other Resources OSHA- UN- welcome_e.html welcome_e.html Society for Chemical Hazard Communication- 46

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