Presentation on theme: "OSHA Hazard Communication 29 CFR 1910.1200 Subpart Z Updated 5 May 2014."— Presentation transcript:
OSHA Hazard Communication 29 CFR 1910.1200 Subpart Z Updated 5 May 2014
Subpart Z Toxic & Hazardous Substances (1910.1000 – 1450) Information and training SDS’s for each chemical Labeling (old standard) SDS’s readily accessible Written program OSHA Most Cited 2012
Phase in Period for GHS into Hazard Communication Standard Phase in Period for GHS into Hazard Communication Standard Effective Completion Date Requirements Who 1 December 2013 Train employees on the new label elements and SDS format Employers 1 June 2015 Comply with all modified provisions of this final rule, except Chemical manufactures, importers, distributors and employers Distribution may ship products labeled by manufactures under the old system until 1 December 2015 1 December 2015 1 June 2016 Transition Period Update alternative workplace labeling and hazard communication program as necessary and provide additional employee training for newly identified physical or health hazards Comply with either 29 CFR 1910.1200 (final standard) or the current standard or both Employers All chemical manufacturers, importers, distributors and employers
(1) Purpose: Is to ensure that the hazards of all chemicals produced or imported are classified and that information concerning the classification hazards is transmitted to the employers and employees
The requirements of this section are intended to be consistent with the provisions of the United Nations Globally Harmonized System (GHS) of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals
Chemical manufacturers and importers shall evaluate chemicals produced in their workplaces or imported by them to classify the chemicals in accordance with this section. For each chemical, the chemical manufacturer or importer shall determine the hazard classes, and where appropriate, the category of each class that apply to the chemical being classified.
Employers are not required to classify chemicals unless they choose not to rely on the classification performed by the chemical manufacturer or importer for the chemical to satisfy this requirement.
All hazards to be CLASSIFIED not Evaluated: "Classification" a.Identify the relevant data regarding the hazards of a chemical; b.Review those data to ascertain the hazards associated with the chemical c.Determine whether the chemical will be classified as hazardous according to the definition of hazardous chemical in this section. In addition, d.Classification for health and physical hazards includes the determination of the degree of hazard, "Hazard class" means the nature of the physical or health hazards, e.g., flammable solid, carcinogen, oral acute toxicity.
Required an employer to: 1.Have a written hazard communication program 2.Have each hazardous chemical in the workplace labeled 3.Have a Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS) for each hazardous chemical in the workplace 4.Train his/her employees about the hazards associated with and precautionary measures required for each hazardous chemical in the workplace. Training is required initially and anytime a new hazardous chemical is introduces into the workplace.
Hazards Classification rather than “hazard determination Labels are more defined and will now require: Product identifier Pictogram Signal word Hazard statement(s) Precautionary statement(s) Name, address, and phone number Safety Data Sheet (not Material Safety Data Sheet): Uses a 16 section format
29 CFR 1910.1200 Subpart Z: 1.Written Program 2.Labeling and other Warnings 3.Safety Data Sheets (SDS) 4.Employee Info and Training
Employers shall develop, implement and maintain at each workplace, a written hazard communication program which at least describes how the criteria specified in paragraphs (f), (g) and (h) of this section: Labels and other forms of warning Safety Data Sheets (SDS) Employee information and training
Hazardous Chemical List: (i) A list of the hazardous chemicals known to be present using a product identifier that is referenced on the appropriate safety data sheet
Methods: (ii) The methods the employer will use to inform employees of the hazards of non-routine tasks (example, the cleaning of reactor vessels) and the hazards associated with the chemical contained in unlabeled pipes in their work areas.
Multi-employer workplaces: Employers who produce, use or store hazardous chemicals at a workplace in such a way that the employees of other employer may be exposed shall additionally ensure that the hazards communication program developed and implemented under this paragraph:
Multi-employer workplaces: (i)The methods the employer will use to provide SDS (ii)The methods the employer will use to inform the other employers of any precautionary measures that need to be taken to protect employees during workplace’s normal operating conditions and in foreseeable emergencies (iii)The methods the employer will use to inform the other employers of the labeling system used in the workplace
The employer shall make the written hazard communication program available upon request to employees
The categories of hazards are: Physical Health Environmental (non- mandatory)
Explosive Flammable Gases Flammable aerosols Oxidizing Gases Gases under Pressure Flammable Liquids Self Reactive Substances Pyrophoric Liquids Pyrophoric Solids Self Heating Substance Substances which in contact w/ water emit flammable gases Oxidizing Liquids Oxidizing Solids Organic Peroxides Corrosive to Metals
Acute Toxicity Skin Corrosion/Irritation Serious Eye Damage /Eye Irritation Respiratory or Skin Sensitization Germ Cell Mutagenicity Carcinogenicity Reproductive Toxicology Target Organ Systemic Toxicity Single Exposure Aspiration Toxicity Target Organ Systemic Toxicity – Repeated Exposure
There is no label format or layout specified There are required label elements
Product Identifier Supplier Identifier Hazard pictogram Signal Word Hazard statement Precautionary information
“Danger” or “Warning” Used to emphasis hazards and indicate relative level of severity of the hazard assigned to a GHS hazard class and category Only one signal word on a label
Include appropriate statements for each GHS hazard on labels for products that possess more than one hazard Examples of required hazards statements: - Keep away from fire, sparks and heated surfaces - Do not use in areas without adequate ventilation
HEALTH HAZARD FLAME EXCLAMATION MARK GAS CYLINDER CORROSION EXPLODING BOMB FLAME OVER CIRCLE ENVIRONMENT SKULL & CROSSBONES Pictograms have been standardized to convey health, physical and environmental hazard information, assigned to a GHS hazard class and category
Irritant (skin and eye) Skin Sensitizer Acute Toxicity Narcotic Effects Respiratory Tract Irritant Hazardous to Ozone Layer (Non-Mandatory) 30
Gases Under Pressure 31
Skin Corrosion/Burns Eye Damage Corrosive to Metals 32
Explosives Self-Reactives Organic Peroxides 33
Aquatic Toxicity (Non-Mandatory) 35
Acute Toxicity (fatal or toxic) 36
The employer is not required to label portable containers into which hazardous chemicals are transferred from labeled containers and which are intended for immediate use of the employee who performs the transfer. Define immediate use?
Physical hazards, such as fire and explosion Health hazards, such as signs of exposure Routes of exposure Precautions for safe handling and use Emergency and first-aid procedures Control measures Must be readily accessible to employees in their work area Prepared by the chemical manufacturer or importer and describes:
Format: 16 Sections (cont.): 9.Physical and chemical properties 10.Stability and reactivity 11.Toxicological information 12.Ecological information 13.Disposal information 14.Transport information 15.Regulatory information 16.Other information
(1) Employers shall provide employees with effective information and training on hazardous chemicals in their work area: a. at the time of initial assignment b. whenever a new chemical hazard the employees have not been previously been trained is introduced into the work area.
(2) Employees shall be informed of: a.Any operations in their work area where hazardous chemicals are present b. The location and availability of the written communication program c. List of all hazardous chemicals
(i) Methods and observations that may be used to detect the presence or release of a hazardous chemical (ii) The physical health aspects (iii) The measures employees can take to protect themselves from these hazardous – PPE (iv) The details of the hazard communication program developed by the employer – labeling and SDS