2 Washington’s Presidency ends Division between Democratic- Republicans and federalists convinced Washington not to seek a 3rd termWhile leaving office he urged the U.S. to “steer clear of permanent alliances” with other nations.
3 Election of 1796 Federalist Dem-Republican Nominates VP Jon Adams as president71 electoral votes (all from northern states)Nominates Thomas Jefferson as president68 electoral votes (all from southern states
4 Avoiding WarFrance views Jay’s treaty as a violation of their alliancePresident Adams sent 3 (X,Y,Z) U.S. officials to France to negotiate but French demand 250,000 to meet with themThis is known as the XYZ Affair and the U.S. in response creates the Department of War to seize French ships
5 Divisions continue U.S. and France are now in undeclared naval war Federalist Party wanted far with FranceDemocratic Republicans do notPresident Adams continued to push for neutrality
6 Federal and State tensions Alien & Sedition ActsVirginia and Kentucky ResolutionFederalist want to keep the nation secureIncrease number of years living in the U.S. to be come a citizen from 5 to 14President can:deport/imprison ‘undesirable’ aliensimprison citizens who express damaging to the U.S.Dem.-Rep. oppose A & S based on 1st amendmentLead by Jefferson and Madison sates ruled the Act unconstitutionalProves that a state can refuse a law– balance of powers
7 Washington’s DeathWorked to create and support the National Army in case of possible war with France and Great BritainDied 14th 1799 and is laid to rest in Mount VernonNapoleon Bonaparte ordered 10 days of mourning and relations with France improved