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Elbow, Forearm, Wrist & Hand

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Presentation on theme: "Elbow, Forearm, Wrist & Hand"— Presentation transcript:

1 Elbow, Forearm, Wrist & Hand
4/14/2017 Elbow, Forearm, Wrist & Hand

2 4/14/2017 Dislocated Elbow Def: Dislocation of the radius and/or ulna. Usually it is a posterior dislocation of both bones. MOI: A fall on the outstretched arm with the elbow hyperextended or a severe twist with the elbow flexed.


4 4/14/2017

5 4/14/2017

6 4/14/2017 S/Sx: Severe pain and disability. Obvious deformity. Profuse hemorrhage and swelling. Complications include: injury to the median and radial nerves and to the major blood vessels and arteries. Tx: Apply cold and pressure immediately, then a sling and refer to a doctor. Reducing an elbow dislocation should never be attempted by anyone other than a physician.

7 Olecranon Bursitis 4/14/2017 Def: inflammation of the olecranon bursae of the elbow MOI: fall on or blow to the tip of the elbow S/Sx: obvious localized swelling Tx: ice, rest, NSAIDs and protective padding

8 4/14/2017

9 Epicondylitis Medial epicondylitis:
Def: inflammation of the origins of the flexors at the medial epicondyle MOI: repetitive forceful flexion of the wrist Also known as pitcher’s elbow or little league elbow

10 Lateral epicondylitis
Def: inflammation of the origin of the extensors at the lateral epicondyle MOI: repetitive forceful extension of the wrist Also known as tennis elbow

11 S/Sx: pain over the attachment point and pain with either wrist flexion (medial epicondylitis) or wrist extension (lateral epicondylitis) Tx: rest, NSAIDS, ultrasound Brace or tape below the elbow joint stretch

12 4/14/2017 Colles’ Fracture Def: A fracture to the distal end of the ulna and/or radius. MOI: A fall on the outstretched hand, forcing the radius and ulna backward and upward


14 S/Sx: In most cases there is forward displacement of the radius that causes deformity of the wrist. Positive percussion and compression test. Tx: Apply ice, splint the wrist and refer to a doctor. Athlete will be out 1-2 months.

15 Mallet Finger Def: An avulsion of the extensor tendon usually along with a piece of bone. MOI: Common in sports, particularly baseball and basketball. Caused by a blow to the tip of the finger.

16 4/14/2017

17 S/Sx: Inability to extend the tip of the finger DIP joint (distal interphalangeal joint)
Tx: Ice, x-ray and splint the joint in extension

18 Boutonniere Deformity
Def: A rupture of the extensor tendon of the middle phalanx. MOI: A blow to the tip of the finger.


20 S/Sx: The athlete complains of severe pain and the inability to extend the PIP (middle) joint. The PIP joint is fixed in flexion and the DIP (end) joint is fixed in extension. Tx: Apply ice and splint finger with the middle joint in extension. Refer to a doctor.

21 Jersey Finger Def: Rupture of flexor digitorum profundus tendon off distal phalanx MOI: most often occurs in the ring finger when the athlete tries to grab the jersy of an opponent

22 S/Sx: DIP joint is fixed in extension, inability to actively flex DIP joint, can passively flex it, pain and point tenderness over distal phalanx. Tx: Tendon needs to be surgically repaired or athlete will never be able to flex DIP joint. Rehab lasts approximately 12 weeks.


24 Gamekeeper’s Thumb Def: A sprain of the ulnar collateral ligament of the MCP joint of the thumb. MOI: A forceful abduction of the thumb, occasionally combined with hyperextension of the thumb.


26 S/Sx: Point tenderness over the ulnar aspect of the MCP joint
S/Sx: Point tenderness over the ulnar aspect of the MCP joint. Pain with or inability to grip. Positive valgus stress test. Tx: RICE, NSAIDs, splint the thumb close to the hand. In cases of severe disability refer to a doctor.

27 Dislocated Finger Def: A dislocation of any joint in the finger. Usually, the first of second joint is displaced dorsally. MOI: A blow to the finger, usually directed from the palmar side upward.


29 S/Sx: Obvious deformity. Inability to move injured joint.
Tx: Dislocations may be reduced without doctor referral. After reduction, ice and a splint should be applied. If a fracture or tendon rupture is suspected refer to a doctor. Note: never reduce a dislocated thumb!

30 Navicular fracture Def: fracture of the navicular/scaphoid bone. Most commonly fractured carpal bone MOI: fall on an outstretched hand


32 S/Sx: often appears to be a wrist sprain
S/Sx: often appears to be a wrist sprain. Increased pain with palpation in the anatomical snuff box. Swelling in anatomical snuff box. Pain when pressure is applied to long axis of thumb Tx: ice, immobilize, refer to doctor. Cast for about 4 months

33 Complications: The scapoid has a poor blood supply
If not immobilized properly part of the bone will not heal That part of the bone will die due to avascular necrosis May result in arthritis

34 Just Because It Looks Cool


36 Open Dislocation of Thumb
Def: Dislocation of thumb which breaks the skin. MOI: Direct blow to the thumb. S/Sx: Pretty obvious Tx: Reduce the dislocation using sterile gloves. Place sterile gauze over injury and send immediately to a doctor.

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