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The Elbow The Wrist/Hand The ForearmRehabilitationAnything Goes Really Random
What type of joint is the elbow?
A Hinge Joint
Describe the annular ligament.
Forms a sling around radial head to keep it in contact with the ulna.
What nerve innervates the 4 th and 5 th digits?
The Ulnar Nerve
What is a normal carrying angle? Give a range.
Describe the varus and valgus test in the elbow. What is being tested and what is a positive test.
Varus Test = Integrity of the RCL ligament Valgus Test = Integrity of the UCL ligatment Positive Test = Pain and laxity
What is tennis elbow? (Medical Term and description of injury)
Lateral Epicondylitis Cause: Repetitive extension of the elbow/wrist. Poor biomechanics
Tommy John Surgery will help to correct what injury?
What group of bones does the hamate belong to?
What is the anatomical snuff box?
Location of the scaphoid bone. If tender in this area athlete may have a possible scaphoid fx.
Name the ranges of motion for the thumb and wrist.
Thumb = Flexion, extension, abduction, adduction and opposition. Wrist = Flexion, extension, supination, pronation, radial deviation and ulnar deviation.
What is Gamekeeper’s Thumb? (Describe injury)
Injury to the UCL ligament. Makes the thumb unstable and painful.
What is the TFCC? (What is the purpose of the TFCC?)
A complex of ligaments and cartilage that helps to stabilize the wrist.
What does FOOSH stand for?
Falling on the outstretched hand
Forearm splints occurs most commonly in what sport?
What is the name of the fracture located on the distal radius?
Name the two muscle groups that are located on the medial side of the elbow/forearm.
Flexors and Pronators
Name 3 things that you would observe when examining the forearm?
1.ROM (Supination, pronation, and wrist flexion and extension) 2.Swelling 3.Bruising 4.Deformities
During rehabilitation, what is the very first thing that you would work on with an injured athlete?
Range of Motion
What is an isometric contraction?
Strengthening exercises where the joint angle and muscle length do not change during contraction.
Name 3 strengthening exercises for the wrist.
Resistive flexion, extension, supination, pronation, radial deviation and ulnar deviation. Use bands, free weights, sticks, hammers, etc.
Mallet Finger is an injury to what?
The extensor tendon of a finger.
What are intrinsic and extrinsic hand muscles?
Extrinsic: Originate outside of the hand. Intrinsic: Originate in the hand.
What carpal bone is most commonly fractured?
What is a ligament and what is a tendon? What is a sprain and what is a strain?
Ligament: Connects bone to bone Tendon: Connects muscle to bone Sprain: Injury to a ligament Strain: Injury to a muscle or tendon
What is a common site for bursitis in the elbow?
What is the human body’s largest organ?
What is the name of the two bottom chambers in the heart?
The shape of DNA is also know as….?
A Double Helix
Who do the Cleveland Indians play this weekend?
Chicago White Sox
Who does the Kenston Boy’s Tennis Team play today?
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