Presentation on theme: "Date_____ Page____ Title: Europeans Claim Muslim Lands"— Presentation transcript:
1Date_____ Page____ Title: Europeans Claim Muslim Lands Warmup: What do you remember about the Ottoman Empire? Write down at least five facts.
2Review of the Ottoman Empire 1453 – Ottomans surround Byzantine capital of Constantinople and rename it Istanbul; becomes capital of Muslim empireAt its peak, the Ottoman empire reached across three continents, from southeastern Europe through the Middle East and North AfricaGolden Age occurred under Suleiman the Magnificent (also known for his system of laws)
3What happened between 1699, when the Ottoman Empire was at its peak, and 1914? Shade your map two colors, one for the former Ottoman lands and one for the Ottoman Empire in 1914.
4The Breakup of the Ottoman Empire Ottoman Empire in 1699Ottoman Empire in 1914
5The Breakup of the Ottoman Empire Ottoman Empire in 1699Ottoman Empire in 1914
6Ottoman Empire Loses Power After Suleiman’s death in 1566, he was followed by a succession of weak sultans.Government divided into factionsSuffered financial lossNationalist feelings began to stir among Ottomans’ subject peoplesSelim III, failed ruler of the Ottoman Empire from
7Europeans Grab Territory Geopolitics – interest in taking land for its strategic location of productsOttoman Empire’s strategic location: access to Mediterranean and Atlantic sea tradeRussia waged war against Ottomans for passage of grain exports across Black Sea and into the MediterraneanCrimean War – Russia vs. Britain, France, and Ottomans – Russia losesWar exposes Ottoman Empire’s military weakness – with aid from Russia, the Slavic people in the Balkans rebel – Ottomans lose control of Romania, Montenegro, Cyprus, Bosnia, Herzegovina, Bulgaria, and land in Africa
8Egypt Initiates Reforms Egypt initiated political and social reforms to block European domination of its landModernization came as a result of the interest in the area created by the French occupationEgypt’s location along Red Sea is valuable to France and Britain. Napoleon failed to win Egypt and new leader, Muhammad Ali (NOT the boxer…), emergedShifted Egyptian agriculture to a plantation cash crop – cotton
9The Suez CanalMuhammad’s grandson, Isma’il, supported construction of the Suez Canal.Human-made waterway that cut through the Isthmus of Suez and connected the Red Sea to the MediterraneanBuilt mainly with French money from private interest groups, using Egyptian laborOpened in 1869Expensive modernization efforts, however, put Egypt into a great deal of debt and in 1882 the British occupied Egypt and the canal
10Chronological Map of the Suez Canal’s History Use the reading to create a chronological map of the history of the Suez Canal. Then, write a mini-essay that answers the following question, using the Suez Canal as your waterway:Discuss how the usage or control of waterways has had economic effects and/or political effects on societies (Global History Regents DBQ, August 2009)