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Imperialism Chapters 27 and 28.

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Presentation on theme: "Imperialism Chapters 27 and 28."— Presentation transcript:

1 Imperialism Chapters 27 and 28

2 Imperialism- the seizure of a country or territory by a stronger country

3 Racism- the belief that one race is superior to another race

4 Cecil Rhodes, 1877 “I contend that we [Britons] are the first race in the world, and the more of the world we inhabit, the better it is for the human race…It is our duty to seize every opportunity of acquiring more territory and we should keep this one idea steadily before our eyes that more territory simply means more of the Anglo-Saxon race, more of the best, the most human, most honorable race the world possesses.”

5 Paternalism- policy in which you govern or provide people with their needs but give them no rights

6 Assimilation- policy or idea that in time, local populations would adopt the culture of the Imperial Country

7 Geopolitics- taking land for its strategic location or products

8 Imperialism in Africa Chapter 27 Sections 1 and 2

9 Steam Engine

10 Steam Boat Willie, 1928

11 Maxim Gun, 1884

12 Malaria Vaccine

13 Berlin Conference (1884-1885) 14 European Nations
Laid down the rules for the division of Africa No African rulers or Nations were invited

14 Imperialism in Africa (1913)

15 Ethiopia The only African Nation that successfully resisted Europeans
Led by Menelik II He played the Italians, French, and British against one another He built up a huge supply of modern weapons

16 Ethiopia-Battle of Adowa (1896)
Led by Menelik II Ethiopians defeated the Italian Forces after they had claimed Ethiopia Menelik continued to stockpile weapons to defend off other raiders

17 Imperialism in the Middle East
Chapter 27 Section 3

18 Ottoman Empire ( )

19 Hagia Sophia

20 Crimean War Russia vs. Ottoman Empire
Great Britain and France aided the Ottoman Empire Russians were defeated However, war showed weakness of Ottomans

21 Egypt Great Britain and France were both very interested in Egypt
(Napoleon tried to take Egypt) The Ottomans eventually took control under Muhammad Ali

22 Muhammad Ali Broke away from Ottoman control
Recognized as the hereditary ruler of Egypt Introduced a plantation cash crop---cotton Brought Egypt into international market

23 Suez Canal Built by Isma’il, Ali’s Grandson Opened in 1869
Egypt could not pay off debts of canal Britain oversaw financial control and occupied Egypt by 1882

24 “Lifeline of the Empire”

25 “Lifeline of the Empire”
Connected the Red Sea to the Mediterranean Sea

26 The Great Game Struggle between Great Britain and Russia over lands in Middle East Waged initially over India Afghanistan was the buffer between the Russian and Britain Empires

27 The Great Game 1921, Great Britain formally agreed to not extend into Afghanistan The Soviet Union signed a nonaggression pact with Afghanistan

28 1979, Soviet Union invades Afghanistan

29 Soviet Soldiers

30 US support Mujahedeen

31 Soviet Troops leaving Afghanistan, 1988

32 India Imperialism: Positive? Or Imperialism: Negative?
Read Pages Also, Read “Letter Opposing the English”

33 India

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