2Atlantic Coastal Plain Region The Atlantic Coastal Plain region is a strip of narrow, flat land in southeastern Pennsylvania.
3Atlantic Coastal Plain Region The Delaware River flows through the Delaware River Valley on its way to the Atlantic Ocean.
4Atlantic Coastal Plain Region People settled along this river because it was a means of transportation, or a way to move people and goods.
5Atlantic Coastal Plain Region Schuylkill RiverDelaware RiverPhiladelphiaPhiladelphia is located where the Schuylkill River and the Delaware River meet.
6Atlantic Coastal Plain Region The rivers made Philadelphia a center for trade, or markets where people could buy and sell goods.
7Atlantic Coastal Plain Region The Fall Line is the boundary between the higher land to the west and the lower coastal plain. Waterfalls are found there. The Fall Line prevents large ships from continuing up the Delaware River past Philadelphia.
8Piedmont RegionThe word piedmont means “foot of the mountain.”
9Piedmont RegionThe elevation of the Piedmont Region is higher than that of the Atlantic Coastal Plain.The Appalachian Mountains lie to the west of the Piedmont Region
10Piedmont RegionThe Piedmont Region is a plateau with gently rolling hills and valleys.A plateau is a large area of high, almost level land.
11Piedmont RegionMany Amish live in and farm this region because the Piedmont’s soil is among the richest in the world. It makes it ideal for farming.
12Piedmont RegionThe Amish mainly farm for a living.
13Piedmont RegionEven without modern machinery, Amish farms are productive.
14Piedmont RegionAmish people do not use modern conveniences like indoor plumbing and electricity.
15Piedmont RegionHorses and carriages are used by the Amish instead of cars.
16Piedmont RegionThe Amish are a very religious people who live as their ancestors did.
17Piedmont RegionA canal is a human-made waterway dug across the land. Canals usually connect two waterways so boats can travel through them.
18South Mountain RegionRidges and valleys are the two main land features in the South Mountain Region.
19South Mountain RegionFew people live in this region because it is rugged and covered with forests.
20Reading Prong RegionLow hills, steep ridges, and valleys are found in the Reading Prong Region.
21Reading Prong RegionErosion is the slow wearing away of soil and stone by wind and water.
22Reading Prong RegionErosion occurred slowly in this region because the ridges are made of hard types of rock.
23Reading Prong RegionThe Reading Prong Region is part of three mountain ranges:Great Smokey MountainsSouth MountainBlue Ridge MountainsThey are all part of the huge Appalachian Mountain Range.
24Ridge and Valley Region This region is an area of many ridges and valleys.
25Ridge and Valley Region Coal is a fossil fuel that is found in the Ridge and Valley region that supplies power to many of the nation’s factories.
26Ridge and Valley Region Coal mining is the major industry in the Lackawanna Valley.
27Ridge and Valley Region Many crops are grown in the valleys of this region. Apples, grapes, cherries, berries, peaches, corn, hay, oats, and potatoes are just some!
28Ridge and Valley Region Large roads such as the Pennsylvania Turnpike, Interstates 80 & 81 help farmers transport their products.
29Ridge and Valley Region Harrisburg is the capital of Pennsylvania.
30Ridge and Valley Region Many caverns are found around Harrisburg.Caverns are underground caves.They are formed when water from rain mixes with soil and makes an acid which seeps through the ground and eats away at limestone creating a space underground.
31Ridge and Valley Region There are many activities people enjoy in the Ridge and Valley region. They include: hiking, fishing, picnicking, skiing, white-water rafting, boating, hunting, and camping.
32Allegheny Plateau Region The Allegheny Plateau has the largest area of any natural region in the state.
33Allegheny Plateau Region This region got its name from the Allegheny Mountains along its eastern edge.
34Allegheny Plateau Region The Allegheny Plateau is made up of mountains, hills, and valleys.
35Allegheny Plateau Region Glaciers are huge sheets of ice. Many years ago they cut long, deep valleys into the plateau.
36Allegheny Plateau Region Even though this region is covered with mountains, hills, and valleys, it is still considered a plateau. A long time ago, before glaciers cut the valleys into this region, it was a plateau. Today all the mountaintops are still about the same height.
37Allegheny Plateau Region The waterfalls at Ricketts Glen State Park were formed when glaciers carved out the land.
38Allegheny Plateau Region Mt. Davis, the highest point in Pennsylvania, is 3,213 feet above sea level.
39Allegheny Plateau Region Fallingwater, a famous house designed by Frank Lloyd Wright, is a famous landmark in the Allegheny Plateau.
40Allegheny Plateau Region Pittsburgh is located where the Allegheny and Monongahela Rivers meet to form the Ohio River. These rivers provide transportation for people and goods.
41Allegheny Plateau Region Pittsburgh is a center of manufacturing and trade.
42Allegheny Plateau Region During the Civil War, Pittsburgh’s factories supplied the nation with steel and glass.
43Allegheny Plateau Region Pittsburg is home to many sports teams like the Steelers, Pirates, and Penguins.
44Allegheny Plateau Region Pittsburgh also has an opera, orchestra, and ballet.
45Erie Lowland RegionThe land in this region is low, flat land along Lake Erie.
46Erie Lowland Region Lake Erie is one of five Great Lakes. They are: Lake HuronLake OntarioLake MichiganLake ErieLake Superior
47Erie Lowland RegionThe Great Lakes make up the largest group of freshwater lakes in the world.
48Erie Lowland RegionThe low, flat land of the Erie Lowland Region makes it ideal for building highways and railroads, making it a center of transportation.
49Erie Lowland RegionThe Erie Lowland Region has fertile soil which is good for growing many types of fruits and vegetables, including grapes.
50Erie Lowland RegionSome crops are still taken to market through the port of Erie.
51Erie Lowland RegionProducts such as electronics, paper goods, and transportation equipment are produced in this region.
52Erie Lowland RegionPresque Isle State Park and Erie National Wildlife Refuge are two recreational areas in the region.
53Erie Lowland RegionThere are many activities people enjoy in this region. They include swimming, boating, fishing, hiking, bird watching, and ice skating.