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Geography Terms World History.

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Presentation on theme: "Geography Terms World History."— Presentation transcript:

1 Geography Terms World History

2 Island An area of land completely surrounded by water

3 Lake A large body of water surrounded by land

4 River A large stream of water that flows into a lake or ocean or other body of water

5 Delta A triangular deposit of sand and soil that collects at the mouth of some rivers

6 Mouth The part of a river where its waters flow into another body of water

7 Channel A narrow deep waterway connecting two bodies of water OR the deepest part of a river or waterway

8 Valley Low land between hills or mountains

9 Cape A point of land extending into a body of water

10 Mountain Range A row of connected mountains

11 Peninsula Land surrounded by water on all sides but one

12 Gulf Part of an ocean extending into land and usually larger than a bay

13 Mountain A land form with high elevation and a pointed or rounded top higher than a hill

14 Volcano An opening in the earth’s surface through which steam and ashes and lava are forced out

15 Strait A narrow waterway connecting two large bodies of water

16 Tributary A stream or river that flows into a larger stream or river

17 Desert A dry barren region that may be sandy without trees

18 Bay Part of an ocean or lake extending into land and usually smaller than a gulf

19 Plain A broad and flat or gently rolling area usually low in elevation

20 Archipelago A group of many islands

21 Oasis A fertile place in the desert where there is water and some vegetation

22 Canal A waterway dug across land through which ships can pass

23 Swamp Low wet land that supports grass and trees

24 Glacier A huge mass of ice that moves slowly down a mountain

25 Harbor A sheltered area of water where ships can anchor safely

26 Marsh Low land with moist soil and tall grass

27 Timberline Line on a mountain above which it is too cold for trees to grow

28 Canyon Deep narrow valley with steep sides

29 Bluff High steep face or rock or earth

30 Plateau Area of high flat land with steep sides

31 Foothill Hill area at the base of a mountain

32 Mesa Flat mountain top with steep sides

33 Waterfall Steep drop from a high place to a lower place in a stream or river

34 Sea Body of salt water smaller than an ocean

35 Coast Land along a sea or ocean

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