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The Geography of Ohio Unit 1 Lesson 1.

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1 The Geography of Ohio Unit 1 Lesson 1

2 Ohio in the World Ohio is part of the North American continent.
Continent  one of the seven largest land areas on Earth Ohio is one of the 50 states that make up the United States of America. Ohio is just south of Lake Erie, one of the Great Lakes. Lake Erie forms part of the border between Ohio and Canada.

3 Ohio within the USA

4 Ohio in the World Five states surround Ohio Pennsylvania (PA)
West Virginia (WV) Kentucky (KY) Indiana (IN) Michigan (MI)

5 Ohio’s Borders

6 Ohio’s Natural Wonders
35 states are larger than Ohio Even though Ohio is a small state, it has different natural regions. Natural region  an area made up of places that share the same natural features (similar landforms, bodies of water, etc.)

7 Ohio’s Natural Wonders
Ohio’s natural regions formed more than 10,000 years ago. Glaciers (huge sheets of ice) covered much of the land and over time, slowly moved. As a result, the land changed. Glaciers flattened mountains and carved valleys. When they melted, they left behind till. Till  a mixture of clay, sand, and rock that makes soil very rich

8 Ohio’s Regions Glaciated Appalachian Plateau
Central and northeastern Ohio Glaciers moved over the area and flattened the land. Till Unglaciated Appalachian Plateau Southeastern Ohio Glaciers did NOT move over this part of the state Steep hills, deep valleys, rivers, waterfalls

9 Ohio’s Regions Till Plains Bluegrass West of the Appalachian Plateau
Plain  area of flow, flat land Named from the till in the area Bluegrass Southeastern Ohio Triangle-shaped area between the Till Plains and Appalachian Plateau Ohio River forms the southern border of this region Much of the soil has washed away.

10 Ohio’s Regions Lake Plains Northern Ohio Glaciers formed flat land
Northern edge of this region is Lake Erie Formed by melting glaciers

11 Ohio Land Regions Map Label! Till Plains Lake Plains Blue Grass
Glaciated Appalachian Plateau Unglaciated Appalachian Plateau

12 A Midwestern State Ohio is one of the 12 states that make up the Midwest Ohio is the farthest east One of the six Midwestern states that border the Great Lakes

13 A Midwestern State

14 Ohio’s Climate Climate  the kind of weather a place has most
Ohio has a temperate climate. neither very hot nor very cold Temperatures at times can be very hot or very cold thought depending on the season Winters  cold, snowy Snowiest area is the northeast Summers  typically hot and humid

15 Lake Effect Snow

16 Lake Effect Snow

17 Ohio’s Climate Ohio receives about 40 inches of precipitation each year Precipitation  water that falls to Earth’s surface as rain, sleet, hail, or snow Many plants grow in Ohio More than 2,300 species of wildflowers grow in Ohio

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