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CHAPTER 2 Natural Regions of Pennsylvania. Vocabulary for Ch.2  Atlantic Coastal Plain – natural region located in southeastern PA, and is strip of low.

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Presentation on theme: "CHAPTER 2 Natural Regions of Pennsylvania. Vocabulary for Ch.2  Atlantic Coastal Plain – natural region located in southeastern PA, and is strip of low."— Presentation transcript:

1 CHAPTER 2 Natural Regions of Pennsylvania

2 Vocabulary for Ch.2  Atlantic Coastal Plain – natural region located in southeastern PA, and is strip of low narrow land  Region – a large area in which places have something in common  Transportation – a way to move people and goods  Suburb – small community near a large city  Merchant – someone who buys and sells goods for a profit  Port – a harbor or place where ships can load and unload cargo

3 The Atlantic Coastal Plain Region  The Atlantic Coastal Plain occupies a narrow strip of low land in southeastern Pennsylvania  Pennsylvania’s Atlantic Coastal Plain is part of the Delaware River Valley  People settled along the Delaware River because it provided a means of transportation

4 Atlantic Coastal Plain Region  Philadelphia is a major city in this region, and is the state’s largest city.  Because of its location, Philadelphia is a major port for ships to carry products throughout the world.  Today Philadelphia is a center of industry, business, and culture.

5 The Piedmont Region  The word piedmont means “foot of mountain”  The Piedmont Region is borded by the fall line in the east and the Appalachian Mountains in the west  The Piedmont is a plateau with gently rolling hills and valleys  The Piedmont’s soil is among the richest in the world and makes the region ideal for farming

6 Piedmont Region  The heart of Pennsylvania’s farming industry lies in this region  Some of the farmers in the Piedmont region are Amish  The Amish are religious people who do not use modern conveniences  Lancaster is one of the most popular towns in the Piedmont region

7 Ridge and Valley Region  The Ridge and Valley Region is located north west of the Piedmont Region  This region has a series of ridges and valleys; including the Great Valley  The Great Valley runs the entire length of the Pennsylvania Ridge and Valley Region  The Great Valley is an area of rich farmland  The Allegheny Mountains, which are part of the Appalachian Mountains, are located on the western border of this region

8 Ridge and Valley  Coal Mining is a major industry in this region  Fruit and vegetable farming is important in this region  Harrisburg is the state capital, and is located in this region  The Pocono Mountains are located in this region  This region’s many state parks and forests offer visitors many forms of recreation such as fishing, picnicking, and boating

9 The Allegheny Plateau  The Allegheny Plateau is the largest region in Pennsylvania  It covers most of northern and western Pennsylvania  This region contains mountains, hills, and valleys  Glaciers and streams helped carve out the different landforms in this region  The mountaintops of the Allegheny Plateau are about the same height; which means that the region was once a plateau

10 The Allegheny Plateau  Two famous landmarks are located in the Allegheny Plateau, Mt. Davis and Fallingwater  Mt. Davis is Pennsylvania’s highest mountain peak  Fallingwater is a famous house that sits atop a waterfall; designed by Frank Lloyd Wright  There are many state parks and forests that provide forms of recreation; including hiking, camping, and waterfalls

11 The Allegheny Plateau  Coal is among the Allegheny Plateau’s most valuable resources  Pittsburg is a major city in this region  Pittsburg was settled where the Allegheny and Monongahela Rivers meet to form the Ohio River  Pittsburg is a center of transportation, industry, and culture  Pittsburg is PA’s second largest city

12 Erie Lowland Region  The Erie Lowland Region is PA’s smallest region  It is an area of low, flat land near Lake Erie  The flat land in this region is ideal for building highways and railroads; which makes it a center of transportation  Erie is a good location for a port, and has grown to the third largest city in Pennsylvania  Farming, industry, transportation and recreation are all important in this region  This region is popular with visitors because of all the wild life, water activities, and history


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