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7th Edition Medical Terminology for Health Professions Ann Ehrlich/Carol L.Schroeder © 2013 Delmar, Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved The Respiratory.

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Presentation on theme: "7th Edition Medical Terminology for Health Professions Ann Ehrlich/Carol L.Schroeder © 2013 Delmar, Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved The Respiratory."— Presentation transcript:

1 7th Edition Medical Terminology for Health Professions Ann Ehrlich/Carol L.Schroeder © 2013 Delmar, Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved The Respiratory System Chapter 7

2 © 2013 Delmar, Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved Overview of Structures, Combining Forms, and Functions of the Respiratory Systems

3 © 2013 Delmar, Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved Structures of the Respiratory System

4 © 2013 Delmar, Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved Structures of the Upper Respiratory Tract

5 © 2013 Delmar, Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved Nose Primary Function –Exchanges air during inhaling and exhaling –Warms, moisturizes, and filters inhaled air Related Word Parts (Combining Forms) –nas/o –rhino/o

6 © 2013 Delmar, Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved Sinuses Primary Function –Provide mucus –Make bones of the skull lighter –Aid in sound production Related Word Parts (Combining Forms) –sinus/o

7 © 2013 Delmar, Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved Pharynx Primary Function –Transports air to and from the nose to the trachea Related Word Parts (Combining Forms) –pharyng/o

8 © 2013 Delmar, Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved Larynx Primary Function –Makes speech possible Related Word Parts (Combining Forms) –laryng/o (continues)

9 © 2013 Delmar, Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved Larynx

10 © 2013 Delmar, Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved Epiglottis Primary Function –Closes off the trachea during swallowing Related Word Parts (Combining Forms) –epiglott/o

11 © 2013 Delmar, Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved Trachea Primary Function –Transports air to and from the pharynx to the bronchi Related Word Parts (Combining Forms) –trache/o

12 © 2013 Delmar, Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved Bronchi Primary Function –Transports air from the trachea into the lungs Related Word Parts (Combining Forms) –bronch/o, bronchi/o

13 © 2013 Delmar, Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved Alveoli Primary Function –Air sacs that exchange gases with the pulmonary capillary blood Related Word Parts (Combining Forms) –alveol/o (continues)

14 © 2013 Delmar, Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved Alveoli

15 © 2013 Delmar, Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved Primary Function –Bring oxygen into the body –Remove carbon dioxide and some water waste from the body Related Word Parts (Combining Forms) –pneum/o, pneumon/o, pulmon/o Lungs (continues)

16 © 2013 Delmar, Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved Lungs

17 © 2013 Delmar, Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved Respiration Inhalation: the act of taking in air as the diaphragm contracts and pulls downward Exhalation: the act of breathing out (continues)

18 © 2013 Delmar, Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved Respiration

19 © 2013 Delmar, Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved Key Word Parts and Definitions bronch/o, bronchi/o –bronchial tube, bronchus laryng/o –larynx, throat nas/o –nose ox/i, ox/o, ox/y –oxygen (continues)

20 © 2013 Delmar, Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved Key Word Parts and Definitions pharyng/o –throat, pharynx phon/o –sound, voice pleur/o –pleura, side of the body -pnea –breathing (continues)

21 © 2013 Delmar, Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved Key Word Parts and Definitions pneum/o, pneumon/o, pneu- –lung, air pulm/o, pulmon/o –lung sinus/o –sinus somn/o –sleep (continues)

22 © 2013 Delmar, Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved Key Word Parts and Definitions spir/o –to breathe thorac/o, -thorax –chest, pleural cavity trache/o, trachea –windpipe

23 © 2013 Delmar, Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved Questions

24 © 2013 Delmar, Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved Question The surface area of a human lung is equal to: a.a tennis court b.a football field c.a Ping-Pong table

25 © 2013 Delmar, Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved Answer a. tennis court

26 © 2013 Delmar, Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved Question A cough releases an explosive charge of air that moves at speeds up to 60 mph. A sneeze can exceed the speed of 100 mph. True or False?

27 © 2013 Delmar, Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved Answer True

28 © 2013 Delmar, Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved Question How many times a day does the average human adult take a breath? a. 10,000–17,500 b. 25,000–35,000 c. 17,500–25,000

29 © 2013 Delmar, Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved Answer c. 17,500–25,000

30 © 2013 Delmar, Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved Question The right lung is smaller than the left lung. True or False

31 © 2013 Delmar, Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved Answer False: The left lung is smaller than the right lung to make room for the heart.


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