We think you have liked this presentation. If you wish to download it, please recommend it to your friends in any social system. Share buttons are a little bit lower. Thank you!
Presentation is loading. Please wait.
Published byClifton Murphy
Modified about 1 year ago
Copyright © 2006 Thomson Delmar Learning The Respiratory System A breath of fresh air
Copyright © 2006 Thomson Delmar Learning Functions of the Respiratory System Capture oxygen from the air and place it in the bloodstream for distribution to the cells of the animal’s body –All cells in the body require oxygen to live –Works in conjuntion with the circulatory system to distribute oxygen throughout the body Removes Carbon Dioxide
Copyright © 2006 Thomson Delmar Learning Types of Respiratory Systems Lungs –Oxygen is inhaled into the lungs from the air –The lungs filter out the Oxygen and passes it to the Red Blood Cells Gills –Water molecules pass over the gills –The gills filter out the Oxygen in the water and passes it to the Red Blood Cells
Copyright © 2006 Thomson Delmar Learning The Respiratory System The respiratory system is divided into upper and lower tracts The upper respiratory tract consists of the nose, mouth, pharynx, epiglottis, and larynx The lower respiratory tract consists of the trachea, bronchial tree, and lungs
Copyright © 2006 Thomson Delmar Learning The Respiratory Tract
Copyright © 2006 Thomson Delmar Learning Upper Respiratory Tract Air enters and exits the body through the nose –nas/o and rhin/o are combining forms for nose –External openings of the nose area are called nares
Copyright © 2006 Thomson Delmar Learning Upper Respiratory Tract The pharynx is the area from the back of the nasal cavity and mouth to the larynx –pharyng/o is the combining form for pharynx –Commonly called the throat
Copyright © 2006 Thomson Delmar Learning Tongue Esophagus Trachea Epiglottis Nasal cavity Larynx Pharynx Mouth
Copyright © 2006 Thomson Delmar Learning Upper Respiratory Tract The larynx is the area between the pharynx and the trachea –Commonly called the voice box contains the vocal cords Prevents food from entering the Lungs
Copyright © 2006 Thomson Delmar Learning Upper Respiratory Tract Trachea –Large air-tube that leads to the lungs Epiglottis –The gate for food and water to travel down the Esophagus, and air into the Trachea
Copyright © 2006 Thomson Delmar Learning Lower Respiratory Tract The trachea extends from the neck to the chest and passes air from the larynx to the thoracic cavity –trache/o is the combining form for the trachea –Commonly called the windpipe contains C-shaped cartilaginous rings
Copyright © 2006 Thomson Delmar Learning Lower Respiratory Tract The trachea divides into two branches at the tracheal bifurcation to form bronchi –bronch/o is the combining form for bronchi –Bronchus is the singular form of bronchi
Copyright © 2006 Thomson Delmar Learning Epiglottis Bronchioles Alveoli Trachea Lungs Larynx Bronchi Cartilage ring
Copyright © 2006 Thomson Delmar Learning Lower Respiratory Tract The bronchi continue to get smaller in diameter until they become bronchioles, The location where the Trachea branches to the two lungs –bronchiol/o is the combining form for bronchioles –-ole means small
Copyright © 2006 Thomson Delmar Learning Lower Respiratory Tract Alveoli are air sacs where gas exchange occurs, Surrounded by blood vessels; carbon dioxide is removed from blood and oxygen is absorbed into the blood –alveol/o is the combining form for alveoli (small sac) –Oxygen diffuses and carbon dioxide diffuses across the alveolar wall
Copyright © 2006 Thomson Delmar Learning Supporting Structures The thoracic cavity is contained within the ribs –cost/o is the combining form for ribs –thorac/o and -thorax both mean chest cavity or chest
Copyright © 2006 Thomson Delmar Learning Supporting Structures The lung is the main organ of respiration –The lungs are divided into well-defined divisions called lobes –pneum/o, pneumon/o, and pneu all mean lungs or air –pulm/o and plumon/o mean lung
Copyright © 2006 Thomson Delmar Learning Supporting Structures The lung is encased in a membranous sac called the pleura –The pleura has two layers, and between these two layers is the pleural space –pleur/o is the combining form for pleura
Copyright © 2006 Thomson Delmar Learning Supporting Structures The diaphragm is the muscle that separates the thoracic and peritoneal cavities –dia- means across –phragm/o is the combining form for wall –diaphragmat/o and phren/o are combining forms for diaphragm
Copyright © 2006 Thomson Delmar Learning Supporting Structures Breathing is the inhalation and exhalation of air –Inhalation is the drawing in of a breath –Exhalation is the release of a breath Respiration is the exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide
Copyright © 2006 Thomson Delmar Learning Terms Associated with Breathing The root pnea means breathing ox/i, ox/o, and ox/y refer to oxygen capn/o refers to carbon dioxide apnea dyspnea bradypnea tachypnea hyperpnea hypopnea hypoxia hypercapnia hypocapnia
Copyright © 2006 Thomson Delmar Learning Chapter 9 A Breath of Fresh Air The Respiratory System.
Respiratory System Function Brings oxygen from the air into the body and expels carbon dioxide from the body ▫Accomplished by circulatory system.
Respiratory System Agriculture, Food, and, Natural Resource Standards Addressed AS Evaluate the development and implications of animal origin,
Chapter 10 Respiratory System. ROOTS Naso, rhino- nose Oro- mouth Stetho, thoraco- chest Bronchi, broncho- bronchus Bronchiolo- bronchiolus Laryngo- larynx.
AMA Anatomy & Physiology/Medical Terminology/Pathology 10 Respiratory System.
The Respiratory System. O0.
The Respiratory System
Just Breathe Respiratory System HST. Functions of the Respiratory System Take in O2 for use on a cellular level Expels waste such as CO2 & H2O from.
Respiratory System: body system that brings oxygen from the air into the body for delivery via the blood to cells. Once delivered, it picks up carbon.
Respiratory System – V3 The purpose of the respiratory system is to exchange gases. In aerobic organisms oxygen (O 2 ) must be brought to cells and carbon.
GAS EXCHANGE & THE RESPIRATORY SYSTEM Answer the first 3 questions on your notetaking guide.
Brings oxygenated air in to the body for delivery to the blood cells. Expels waste products that have been returned to the lungs by the blood.
Respiratory System. Functions Moves oxygen from the outside environment into the body Removes carbon dioxide & water from the body.
Respiratory System. Air sac air-filled spaces in the body alveoli very small air sacs; where air breathed in goes.
THE RESPIRATORY SYSTEM. RESPIRATION Respiration supply O 2 to & remove CO 2 from all body cells 3 main stages:
The Respiratory System Diandra Davis and Darcey Witt.
Respiratory System Ms. Bowman. Functions Supply the body with oxygen Dispose of carbon dioxide.
The Respiratory System Respiratory System: Breathe in and out…
Respiratory System. Upper Respiratory System –Nose –Nasal cavity –Pharynx Lower Respiratory System –Larynx –Trachea –Bronchi –Lungs.
Lesson 3 The Respiratory System Your lungs and chest expand like a balloon as you inhale. As you exhale, your lungs deflate slightly.
Chapter 17 Respiratory and Excretion Systems. Section 1 Respiratory System Functions – The respiratory systems moves oxygen from the outside environment.
The Respiratory System Functions & Anatomy
Respiratory System. Respiration Overview All of your body’s cells require oxygen (remember, oxygen and glucose are used by your cells during cellular.
RESPIRATORY SYSTEM LUNGS & AIR PASSAGES. Function: n TAKE IN OXYGEN – GAS NEEDED BY ALL BODY CELLS n REMOVING CARBON DIOXIDE – GAS THAT IS A WASTE PRODUCT.
Respiratory System. Functions of the Respiratory System The main function is respiration – The exchange of gasses between the body and the environment.
Respiratory System. Respiratory Tract Organs Diaphragm- a muscular wall that divides the chest (pleural) cavity from the abdominal (peritoneal) cavity.
Respiratory System Navasota Junior High.
The Respiratory System. Respiratory System Diagram.
The Respiratory System. Function The main function of the Respiratory System is to get oxygen into the bloodstream and get carbon dioxide out of the bloodstream.
Overview of the Respiratory System
THE RESPIRATORY SYSTEM By: Indya Welch and Clarissa Grant.
Don’t Smoke! Emphysema Lung Cancer THE PATHWAY OF AIR.
The set of organs that allows a person to breathe and exchange oxygen and carbon dioxide throughout the body.
The Respiratory System 7SCIENCE. Why study the respiratory system? What do humans need to survive? Humans need many things to survive, one is food and.
Key terms. Having to do with the sinus Sinus ◦ Air-filled cavity within a bone that is lined with mucous membrane that makes mucus ◦ Functions of.
Ms. Kelly 7 th Grade Health. Primary Function To supply the blood with oxygen in order for the blood to deliver oxygen to all parts of the body. (This.
Respiratory System Breathing Is the movement of air into and out of the lungs Allows your respiratory system to take in oxygen and eliminate carbon.
Respiratory System Jr. / Sr. Anatomy and Physiology Ms. Walstedt.
Gas Exchange in Vertebrates
Be sure to check the absent folder if you have been absent! Last day to Make up Blood/Cardiovascular System Exam will be Wednesday. After that it will.
The Human Respiratory System Definition: A group of organs working together to bring about the exchange of oxygen (O 2 ) and carbon dioxide (CO 2 ) with.
Structure of the Respiratory system
RESPIRATORY SYSTEM Human physiology. Your cells need food (digestive system) and oxygen Respiration is the process that gets oxygen to the cells and.
Human Respiration Involves cellular respiration and gas exchange in lungs Cellular Respiration – Aerobic- with oxygen – Anaerobic- without oxygen. Lactic.
The Respiratory System. Parts and Structure of the Respiratory System.
© 2017 SlidePlayer.com Inc. All rights reserved.