Presentation on theme: "ROOT WORDS Cardiovascular and Respiratory System"— Presentation transcript:
1ROOT WORDS Cardiovascular and Respiratory System Heather Wipijewski CVT ALATThis workforce solution was funded by a grant awarded under the President’s Community-Based Job Training Grants as implemented by the U.S. Department of Labor’s Employment and Training Administration. The solution was created by the grantee and does not necessarily reflect the official position of the U.S. Department of Labor. The Department of Labor makes no guarantees, warranties, or assurances of any kind, express or implied, with respect to such information, including any information on linked sites and including, but not limited to, accuracy of the information or its completeness, timeliness, usefulness, adequacy, continued availability, or ownership. This solution is copyrighted by the institution that created it. Internal use by an organization and/or personal use by an individual for non-commercial purposes is permissible. All other uses require the prior authorization of the copyright owner.
2CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM Function – Deliver oxygen, nutrients and hormones to various body tissues and transports waste porducts to the appropriate waste removal systems.Sometimes called the circulatory system.
3Heart – cardi/o Provides the power to move blood through the body. Located inside the thoracic cavity – chest cavityLies between the lungs in a cavity called the mediastinum.Mediastinum also contains large blood vessels, trachea, esophagus, lymph nodes and other structures.Pericardium – Double walled membrane surrounding the heart.Heart WallsEpicardium – external layer of the heart.Myocardium – Middle and thickest layer of the heart – actual heart muscle.Endocardium – Inner layer of the heart – lines the heart chambers and valves. Note – end/o means within.
4Heart ChambersHeart is divided into left and right sides. The right and left sides are further divided into chambers.Mammalian and avian hearts have 4 chambers.Reptile hearts have 3 chambers.Atrium/Atria – atri/oAll vessels coming into the heart enter here.Craniodorsal chambers of the heartVentricles – ventricul/oCaudoventral chambers of the heart.Pumping chambers of the heart and all vessels leaving the heart leave via the ventricles.Atria Ventricles
5Heart Sounds Auscultation using a stethescope. Hear a “lubb/dubb” sound.Lubb = first sound heard. Caused by closure of the AV valves (atrioventrical valves)Dubb = second sound heard. Caused by closure of the semilunar valves.Systole (ventricular contraction) – occurs between the first and second heart sounds.Diastole (ventricular relaxation) – occurs between the second and first heart sounds.Murmur – Abnormal sound associated with the turbulent flow of blood. May be caused by a leak in a valve.
6VESSELS Three major types Vessel – angi/o vas/o Artery – arteri/o Arteries, veins and capillariesVessel – angi/o vas/oArtery – arteri/oBlood vessel that carries blood away from the heart.Usually is oxygenated and bright redVein – ven/o phleb/oReturn blood to heart.Thinner walls and less elastic than arteries.Have valves to permit blood flow toward the heart and prevent blood from flowing away.CapillariesSingle-cell-thick vessels that connect arterial and venous systems.Blood flow is slower through capillaries than arteries or veins.CRT – Capillary Refill Time – tells us perfusion (or flow through tissues).
8RESPIRATORY SYSTEMFunction – Brings oxygen from the air into the body for delivery via the blood to the cells.
9Upper Respiratory System Nose – rhin/oSinus (air filled or fluid filled space…provide mucus, make bone lighter and help produce sound) – sinus/oPharynx (throat) – pharyng/oLarynx (voice box) – laryng/oGlottis – (vocal apparatus) – glott/o’Epiglottis – (acts as a lid – covers the larynx during swallowing) – epiglott/o
10Lower Respiratory System Trachea (windpipe) - trache/oHas C shape cartinlaginous rings.Bronchi (bottom of the trachea) – bronch/oAlveoli (air sacs in which most of the gas exchange occurs) – alveol/oThorax (Cavity contained within the ribs) – thorac/o and –thoraxRibs – cost/oIntercostal – between the ribsLungs (main organ of respiration) pneum/o pneumon/o and pneu all mean lungs or air. Pulm/o and pulmon/o mean lung.Pleura (membranous sac which encases the lungs) – pleur/o
11Diaphram (muscle and contraction of the diaphram causes air pressure in the lungs to drop below atmospheric pressure. This produces a vacuum in the thoracic cavity to draw in air) diaphragmat/o phren/oBreathingInhalation – Drawing in of breathExhalation – Release of breathSpir/o – breath or breathing-pnea – breathingApnea – Absence of breathingDyspnea – Difficult or labored breathing