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© 2009 Delmar, Cengage Learning Chapter 7 The Respiratory System.

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Presentation on theme: "© 2009 Delmar, Cengage Learning Chapter 7 The Respiratory System."— Presentation transcript:

1 © 2009 Delmar, Cengage Learning Chapter 7 The Respiratory System

2 © 2009 Delmar, Cengage Learning Overview of Structures, Combining Forms, and Functions © 2009 Delmar, Cengage Learning

3 Structures of the Respiratory System

4 © 2009 Delmar, Cengage Learning Structures of the Upper Respiratory Tract

5 © 2009 Delmar, Cengage Learning Nose Primary Functions –Exchanges air during inhaling and exhaling. –Warms, moisturizes, and filters inhaled air. Related Combining Forms –nas/o –rhino/o

6 © 2009 Delmar, Cengage Learning Sinuses Primary Functions –Provides mucus. –Makes bones of the skull lighter. –Aids in sound production. Related Combining Form –sinus/o

7 © 2009 Delmar, Cengage Learning Pharynx Primary Function –Transports air to and from the nose to the trachea. Related Combining Form –pharyng/o

8 © 2009 Delmar, Cengage Learning Larynx Primary Function –Makes speech possible. Related Combining Form –laryng/o

9 © 2009 Delmar, Cengage Learning Epiglottis Primary Function –Closes off the trachea during swallowing. Related Combining Form –epiglott/o

10 © 2009 Delmar, Cengage Learning Trachea Primary Function –Transports air to and from the pharynx to the bronchi. Related Combining Form –trache/o

11 © 2009 Delmar, Cengage Learning Bronchi Primary Function –Transports air from the trachea into the lungs. Related Combining Forms –bronch/o, bronchi/o

12 © 2009 Delmar, Cengage Learning Alveoli Primary Function –Air sacs that exchange gases with the pulmonary capillary blood. Related Combining Form –alveol/o

13 © 2009 Delmar, Cengage Learning Animations © 2009 Delmar, Cengage Learning

14 Respiratory Safeguards Click Here to play Respiratory Safeguards animation

15 © 2009 Delmar, Cengage Learning Structures of the Bronchial Tree Click Here to play Structures of the Bronchial Tree animation

16 © 2009 Delmar, Cengage Learning Asthma Click Here to play Asthma animation

17 © 2009 Delmar, Cengage Learning Answers to Learning Exercises © 2009 Delmar, Cengage Learning

18 Chapter 7 Answers Matching Word Parts 1 7.1. cyan/o 7.2. somn/o 7.3. spir/o 7.4. pharyng/o 7.5. laryng/o Matching Word Parts 2 7.6. pneum/o 7.7. ox/o 7.8. pleur/o 7.9. bronch/o 7.10. phon/o

19 © 2009 Delmar, Cengage Learning Chapter 7 Answers Matching Word Parts 3 7.11. trache/o 7.12. tachy- 7.13. pulmon/o 7.14. -thorax 7.15. -pnea Definitions 7.16. mediastinum 7.17. epiglottis 7.18. visceral pleura 7.19. frontal 7.20. bronchioles

20 © 2009 Delmar, Cengage Learning Chapter 7 Answers Definitions 7.21. alveoli 7.22. hemoptysis 7.23. anthracosis 7.24. tachypnea 7.25. dysphonia Matching Structures 7.26. nasopharynx 7.27. oropharynx 7.28. laryngopharynx 7.29. larynx 7.30. trachea

21 © 2009 Delmar, Cengage Learning Chapter 7 Answers Which Word? 7.31. internal respiration 7.32. byssinosis 7.33. bacterial pneumonia 7.34. dyspnea 7.35. tracheotomy Spelling Counts 7.36. phlegm 7.37. empyema 7.38. pertussis 7.39. phrenic 7.40. antitussive

22 © 2009 Delmar, Cengage Learning Chapter 7 Answers Abbreviation Identification 7.41. acute respiratory distress syndrome 7.42. cystic fibrosis 7.43. functional endoscopic sinus surgery 7.44. sudden infant death syndrome 7.45. upper respiratory infection Term Selection 7.46. aspiration 7.47. hyperventilation 7.48. tracheoplasty 7.49. exhalation 7.50. asthma

23 © 2009 Delmar, Cengage Learning Chapter 7 Answers Sentence Completion 7.51. apnea 7.52. laryngospasm 7.53. pneumorrhagia 7.54. pleurodynia 7.55. bronchospasm Word Surgery 7.56. bronch/o, -rrhea 7.57. or/o, -pharynx 7.58. poly-, somn/o, -graphy 7.59. pneum/o, -rrhagia 7.60. rhin/o, -rrhea

24 © 2009 Delmar, Cengage Learning Chapter 7 Answers True/False 7.61. False 7.62. True 7.63. False 7.64. True 7.65. True Clinical Conditions 7.66. cystic fibrosis 7.67. pleurectomy 7.68. laryngoplasty 7.69. bronchodilator 7.70. influenza

25 © 2009 Delmar, Cengage Learning Chapter 7 Answers Clinical Conditions 7.71. epistaxis 7.72. hemothorax 7.73. septoplasty 7.74. bronchitis 7.75. tracheostomy Which Is the Correct Medical Term? 7.76. pleurisy 7.77. sputum 7.78. cyanosis 7.79. laryngoplegia 7.80. Cheyne-Stokes respiration

26 © 2009 Delmar, Cengage Learning Chapter 7 Answers Challenge Word Building 7.81. pharyngorrhea 7.82. pneumonitis 7.83. laryngologist 7.84. laryngorrhagia 7.85. pharyngolaryngitis 7.86. tracheostenosis 7.87. bronchoplasty 7.88. epiglottitis 7.89. tracheobronchoscopy 7.90. bronchoplegia

27 © 2009 Delmar, Cengage Learning Chapter 7 Answers Labeling Exercises 7.91. nasopharynx 7.92. oropharynx 7.93. laryngopharynx 7.94. intercostal 7.95. bronchus 7.96. nasal 7.97. epiglottis 7.98. trachea 7.99. left 7.100. alveolar


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