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© 2009 Delmar, Cengage Learning Chapter 7 The Respiratory System.

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Presentation on theme: "© 2009 Delmar, Cengage Learning Chapter 7 The Respiratory System."— Presentation transcript:

1 © 2009 Delmar, Cengage Learning Chapter 7 The Respiratory System

2 © 2009 Delmar, Cengage Learning Overview of Structures, Combining Forms, and Functions © 2009 Delmar, Cengage Learning

3 Structures of the Respiratory System

4 © 2009 Delmar, Cengage Learning Structures of the Upper Respiratory Tract

5 © 2009 Delmar, Cengage Learning Nose Primary Functions –Exchanges air during inhaling and exhaling. –Warms, moisturizes, and filters inhaled air. Related Combining Forms –nas/o –rhino/o

6 © 2009 Delmar, Cengage Learning Sinuses Primary Functions –Provides mucus. –Makes bones of the skull lighter. –Aids in sound production. Related Combining Form –sinus/o

7 © 2009 Delmar, Cengage Learning Pharynx Primary Function –Transports air to and from the nose to the trachea. Related Combining Form –pharyng/o

8 © 2009 Delmar, Cengage Learning Larynx Primary Function –Makes speech possible. Related Combining Form –laryng/o

9 © 2009 Delmar, Cengage Learning Epiglottis Primary Function –Closes off the trachea during swallowing. Related Combining Form –epiglott/o

10 © 2009 Delmar, Cengage Learning Trachea Primary Function –Transports air to and from the pharynx to the bronchi. Related Combining Form –trache/o

11 © 2009 Delmar, Cengage Learning Bronchi Primary Function –Transports air from the trachea into the lungs. Related Combining Forms –bronch/o, bronchi/o

12 © 2009 Delmar, Cengage Learning Alveoli Primary Function –Air sacs that exchange gases with the pulmonary capillary blood. Related Combining Form –alveol/o

13 © 2009 Delmar, Cengage Learning Animations © 2009 Delmar, Cengage Learning

14 Respiratory Safeguards Click Here to play Respiratory Safeguards animation

15 © 2009 Delmar, Cengage Learning Structures of the Bronchial Tree Click Here to play Structures of the Bronchial Tree animation

16 © 2009 Delmar, Cengage Learning Asthma Click Here to play Asthma animation

17 © 2009 Delmar, Cengage Learning Answers to Learning Exercises © 2009 Delmar, Cengage Learning

18 Chapter 7 Answers Matching Word Parts cyan/o 7.2. somn/o 7.3. spir/o 7.4. pharyng/o 7.5. laryng/o Matching Word Parts pneum/o 7.7. ox/o 7.8. pleur/o 7.9. bronch/o phon/o

19 © 2009 Delmar, Cengage Learning Chapter 7 Answers Matching Word Parts trache/o tachy pulmon/o thorax pnea Definitions mediastinum epiglottis visceral pleura frontal bronchioles

20 © 2009 Delmar, Cengage Learning Chapter 7 Answers Definitions alveoli hemoptysis anthracosis tachypnea dysphonia Matching Structures nasopharynx oropharynx laryngopharynx larynx trachea

21 © 2009 Delmar, Cengage Learning Chapter 7 Answers Which Word? internal respiration byssinosis bacterial pneumonia dyspnea tracheotomy Spelling Counts phlegm empyema pertussis phrenic antitussive

22 © 2009 Delmar, Cengage Learning Chapter 7 Answers Abbreviation Identification acute respiratory distress syndrome cystic fibrosis functional endoscopic sinus surgery sudden infant death syndrome upper respiratory infection Term Selection aspiration hyperventilation tracheoplasty exhalation asthma

23 © 2009 Delmar, Cengage Learning Chapter 7 Answers Sentence Completion apnea laryngospasm pneumorrhagia pleurodynia bronchospasm Word Surgery bronch/o, -rrhea or/o, -pharynx poly-, somn/o, -graphy pneum/o, -rrhagia rhin/o, -rrhea

24 © 2009 Delmar, Cengage Learning Chapter 7 Answers True/False False True False True True Clinical Conditions cystic fibrosis pleurectomy laryngoplasty bronchodilator influenza

25 © 2009 Delmar, Cengage Learning Chapter 7 Answers Clinical Conditions epistaxis hemothorax septoplasty bronchitis tracheostomy Which Is the Correct Medical Term? pleurisy sputum cyanosis laryngoplegia Cheyne-Stokes respiration

26 © 2009 Delmar, Cengage Learning Chapter 7 Answers Challenge Word Building pharyngorrhea pneumonitis laryngologist laryngorrhagia pharyngolaryngitis tracheostenosis bronchoplasty epiglottitis tracheobronchoscopy bronchoplegia

27 © 2009 Delmar, Cengage Learning Chapter 7 Answers Labeling Exercises nasopharynx oropharynx laryngopharynx intercostal bronchus nasal epiglottis trachea left alveolar


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