Demographics in Transition Three factors resulting in changing demographics: –High immigration rates –High birthrates among some segments of the population –Aging population 7
Institutions in Transition A social institution is a formal, recognized, established, and stabilized way of pursuing some important activity in society. Social institutions provide rules, or social norms, that become internalized in individuals. When institutions change, so do the norms they provide. 8
Changes in Institutions In today’s world, all social institutions are experiencing fundamental change: –Economics—globalization –Politics—new alignments of nations –Family—new forms of family life –Religion—confusion and controversy surrounding the role of religion in public education and in the public square 9
Changes in Economics and Politics Economically, there has been a shift from: –Loyalty to a single company to loyalty to one’s own self-interest –A national to a global focus Politically, there has been a shift from: –Political interest within our own borders to interest in political events around the world 10
Changes in the Family More women are in the workforce. The divorce rate is high. More families are in poverty. New family “forms” are becoming common (e.g., single-parent families, blended families). More intermarriage between ethnic and religious groups. 11
Changes in Religious Organizations Immigrants are bringing unfamiliar religions and religious ideas to the society. Various “new age” religious affiliations are emerging. There is a rise in fundamentalist religious groups in all major religions. Religious groups are becoming important “players” in the political arena, both in the US and globally. Gaps of understanding of religion are evident between younger generation and the older generation, as well as between various religious groups 12
Schools as a Reflection of Social Change Changing demographics among students –Increasing number of children of color –Increasing numbers of children whose first language is not English –Increasing inclusion of children with disabilities in classrooms –Increasing attention to differential treatment of boys and girls in classrooms –Increasing religious diversity within communities 13
Another Perspective – Raising Cain: Boys in Focus/ Thompson Documentary American Boys Are in Trouble. –Unable to express emotions –Doing worse in the classroom than previously Who is Responsible How can we guide boys on the path to becoming responsible and caring men?