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ADVANCING VOCABULARY SKILLS Fourth Edition Sherrie L. Nist © 2010 Townsend Press.

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Presentation on theme: "ADVANCING VOCABULARY SKILLS Fourth Edition Sherrie L. Nist © 2010 Townsend Press."— Presentation transcript:

1 ADVANCING VOCABULARY SKILLS Fourth Edition Sherrie L. Nist © 2010 Townsend Press

2 Unit One: Chapter 6 ante-, anti- extra- chron, chrono- ject -cide liber, liver de- vit, viv dormvoc, vok Common word parts—also known as prefixes, suffixes, and roots— are used in forming many words in English.

3 Choose the meaning of the word part based on the boldfaced words. 1 ante-, anti- The word part ante- or anti- means A. after. B. free. C. before. TEN WORD PARTS IN CONTEXT Before you enter Tyrone’s living room, you pass through a small anteroom, where guests can leave their coats. A clever saying warns us not to anticipate trouble before it happens: “Worrying casts tomorrow’s clouds over today’s sunshine.”

4 Choose the meaning of the word part based on the boldfaced words. 1 ante-, anti- The word part ante- or anti- means A. after. B. free. C. before. The description of the location of the anteroom tells you it is a room you pass through before entering the main room. In the second item, the word before tells you the meaning of anti-. TEN WORD PARTS IN CONTEXT Before you enter Tyrone’s living room, you pass through a small anteroom, where guests can leave their coats. A clever saying warns us not to anticipate trouble before it happens: “Worrying casts tomorrow’s clouds over today’s sunshine.”

5 TEN WORD PARTS IN CONTEXT 2 chron, chrono- The word part chron or chrono- means A. time. B. outside. C. alive. Choose the meaning of the word part based on the boldfaced words. An acute illness is short and usually severe. By contrast, a chronic illness lasts a long period of time. A resumé should list jobs in reverse chronological order—that is, the most recent job should be listed first.

6 TEN WORD PARTS IN CONTEXT 2 chron, chrono- The word part chron or chrono- means A. time. B. outside. C. alive. Choose the meaning of the word part based on the boldfaced words. An acute illness is short and usually severe. By contrast, a chronic illness lasts a long period of time. A resumé should list jobs in reverse chronological order—that is, the most recent job should be listed first. If a chronic illness lasts a long period of time, chron must mean “time.” Chronological order means the order in which events occurred in time.

7 TEN WORD PARTS IN CONTEXT 3 -cide The word part -cide means A. alive. B. kill. C. freedom. Choose the meaning of the word part based on the boldfaced words. Do the pesticides used in farming kill only pests? Or are they also harmful to humans? Genocide isn’t simply the murder of a number of people. It’s the intentional killing of a particular racial, cultural, or political group.

8 TEN WORD PARTS IN CONTEXT 3 -cide The word part -cide means A. alive. B. kill. C. freedom. Choose the meaning of the word part based on the boldfaced words. Do the pesticides used in farming kill only pests? Or are they also harmful to humans? Genocide isn’t simply the murder of a number of people. It’s the intentional killing of a particular racial, cultural, or political group. In the first item, the word kill tells you that the word part -cide means “kill.” In the second item, the word killing suggests the meaning of -cide.

9 TEN WORD PARTS IN CONTEXT When the two trains ran into each other, one was derailed, but the other stayed on the tracks. A good kitchen fan can deodorize the room by drawing away strong cooking odors, such as those of onion and garlic. 4 de- The word part de- means A. voice. B. preceding. C. removal. Choose the meaning of the word part based on the boldfaced words.

10 TEN WORD PARTS IN CONTEXT When the two trains ran into each other, one was derailed, but the other stayed on the tracks. A good kitchen fan can deodorize the room by drawing away strong cooking odors, such as those of onion and garlic. 4 de- The word part de- means A. voice. B. preceding. C. removal. Choose the meaning of the word part based on the boldfaced words. In contrast to the train that stayed on the tracks, the other train was removed from the tracks by the force of the crash. In the second item, the words drawing away tell you that to deodorize is to remove odors.

11 TEN WORD PARTS IN CONTEXT The word part dorm means A. lively. B. separation. C. sleep. 5 dorm Choose the meaning of the word part based on the boldfaced words. The volcano has been dormant for years, but it may awaken and erupt soon. The dormouse, or “sleeping mouse,” got its name because it hibernates through the winter. A college dormitory room

12 TEN WORD PARTS IN CONTEXT The word part dorm means A. lively. B. separation. C. sleep. 5 dorm Choose the meaning of the word part based on the boldfaced words. The volcano has been dormant for years, but it may awaken and erupt soon. The dormouse, or “sleeping mouse,” got its name because it hibernates through the winter. In the first item, the word awaken suggests that dormant means “sleeping”. In the second item, the word sleeping tells you that the word part dorm in dormouse must mean “sleep.” A college dormitory room

13 The word part extra means A. enclosed. B. throw. C. outside. Chang studies hard for his classes, but he’s also involved in extracurricular activities, including soccer and chess. Extrasensory perception, or ESP, is the ability to receive information in ways that do not involve the physical senses. 6 extra- Choose the meaning of the word part based on the boldfaced words. TEN WORD PARTS IN CONTEXT

14 The word part extra means A. enclosed. B. throw. C. outside. Chang studies hard for his classes, but he’s also involved in extracurricular activities, including soccer and chess. Extrasensory perception, or ESP, is the ability to receive information in ways that do not involve the physical senses. 6 extra- Choose the meaning of the word part based on the boldfaced words. TEN WORD PARTS IN CONTEXT Extracurricular activities are activities outside the regular curriculum. Extrasensory perception is perception that is outside the physical senses.

15 TEN WORD PARTS IN CONTEXT The word part ject means A. throw. B. keep. C. call. The pilot ejected from the plane shortly before the crash. Fortunately, his parachute opened in time to save his life. The farther away a projector is, the larger the picture it onto the screen. 7 ject Choose the meaning of the word part based on the boldfaced words.

16 TEN WORD PARTS IN CONTEXT The word part ject means A. throw. B. keep. C. call. The pilot ejected from the plane shortly before the crash. Fortunately, his parachute opened in time to save his life. The farther away a projector is, the larger the picture it throws onto the screen. 7 ject Choose the meaning of the word part based on the boldfaced words. An ejection seat in a plane throws the pilot out of the plane in an emergency. In the second item, the word throws reminds you that a projector throws a picture onto a screen.

17 TEN WORD PARTS IN CONTEXT The word part liber or liver means A. alive. B. free. C. outside. Freddy is very liberal with advice. He constantly tells all his relatives and friends how they should run their lives. According to the Bible, Moses delivered the people of Israel from slavery in Egypt. 8 liber, liver Choose the meaning of the word part based on the boldfaced words.

18 TEN WORD PARTS IN CONTEXT The word part liber or liver means A. alive. B. free. C. outside. Freddy is very liberal with advice. He constantly tells all his relatives and friends how they should run their lives. According to the Bible, Moses delivered the people of Israel from slavery in Egypt. 8 liber, liver Choose the meaning of the word part based on the boldfaced words. If Freddy constantly tells people how to run their lives, he is very free with his advice. In the second item, when Moses delivered the people of Israel from slavery, he freed them from slavery.

19 TEN WORD PARTS IN CONTEXT The word part vit or viv means A. life. B. separation. C. death. My elderly aunt still has great vitality: she works in a bakery part-time and walks two or three miles every day. People who survive a disaster sometimes feel guilty because lived through it, while others died. 9 vit, viv Choose the meaning of the word part based on the boldfaced words. A vividly colored flower

20 TEN WORD PARTS IN CONTEXT The word part vit or viv means A. life. B. separation. C. death. My elderly aunt still has great vitality: she works in a bakery part-time and walks two or three miles every day. People who survive a disaster sometimes feel guilty because lived through it, while others died. 9 vit, viv Choose the meaning of the word part based on the boldfaced words. The elderly aunt’s activities show that she has a great deal of life. In the second item, the word lived suggests that the word part viv means “life.” A vividly colored flower

21 TEN WORD PARTS IN CONTEXT The word part voc or vok means A. memory. B. voice. C. time. 10 voc, vok My father is extremely vocal in his disapproval of text- messaging. He always yells at me, “If you want to talk to someone, use the phone!” The man on trial for robbery invoked his Fifth Amendment rights, saying he would not give any information that could be held against him. Choose the meaning of the word part based on the boldfaced words.

22 TEN WORD PARTS IN CONTEXT The word part voc or vok means A. memory. B. voice. C. time. 10 voc, vok My father is extremely vocal in his disapproval of text- messaging. He always yells at me, “If you want to talk to someone, use the phone!” The man on trial for robbery invoked his Fifth Amendment rights, saying he would not give any information that could be held against him. Choose the meaning of the word part based on the boldfaced words. Since the father is extremely vocal, he voices his disapproval of text-messaging (in this case, by yelling). The man on trial voices his Fifth Amendment rights.

23 SENTENCE CHECK 1 2.I was very tired when I got home from work, but a short nap (re... ed) ___ me. 1.At the Italian restaurant, we had a(n) (... pasto) ___ of olives, cheeses, and other appetizers before the main dish. A. ante-, anti-B. chronC. cideD. de- F. extra-G. jectH. liberI. vit, viv Complete each italicized word with the correct word part from the box. E.dorm J. voc, vok

24 SENTENCE CHECK 1 2.I was very tired when I got home from work, but a short nap ___________ me. 1.At the Italian restaurant, we had an ____________ of olives, cheeses, and other appetizers before the main dish. A. ante-, anti-B. chronC. cideD. de- F. extra-G. jectH. liberI. vit, viv Complete each italicized word with the correct word part from the box. E.dorm J. voc, vok antipasto revived An antipasto is served at the beginning of the meal, before the main dish. A short nap can give a tired person new life.

25 4.A microwave oven is perfect for (... frosting) ___ frozen foods in a hurry. SENTENCE CHECK 1 5.The conference was held at a college campus, so participants could sleep in the (... itories) ___ instead of going to hotels. 3.The veterinarian asked Rosa to hold her cat firmly while he gave it an (in...ion) ___ to protect it from rabies. A. ante-, anti-B. chronC. cideD. de- F. extra-G. jectH. liberI. vit, viv Complete each italicized word with the correct word part from the box. E.dorm J. voc, vok

26 4.A microwave oven is perfect for __________ frozen foods in a hurry. SENTENCE CHECK 1 5.The conference was held at a college campus, so participants could sleep in the __________ instead of going to hotels. 3.The veterinarian asked Rosa to hold her cat firmly while he gave it an __________ to protect it from rabies. A. ante-, anti-B. chronC. cideD. de- F. extra-G. jectH. liberI. vit, viv Complete each italicized word with the correct word part from the box. E.dorm J. voc, vok An injection “throws” the rabies vaccine into the cat. A dormitory is a building used as sleeping quarters for college students. Putting frozen food into a microwave removes the frost from the food. dormitories injection defrosting

27 SENTENCE CHECK 1 6.In a crisis, people sometimes perform (... ordinary) ___ feats of strength, like lifting an automobile off a crash victim. 7.Modern inventions have (... ated) ___ us from many household chores. For instance, the dryer frees us from having to hang laundry on a clothesline. A. ante-, anti-B. chronC. cideD. de- F. extra-G. jectH. liberI. vit, viv Complete each italicized word with the correct word part from the box. E.dorm J. voc, vok

28 SENTENCE CHECK 1 6.In a crisis, people sometimes perform ___________ feats of strength, like lifting an automobile off a crash victim. 7.Modern inventions have __________ us from many household chores. For instance, the dryer frees us from having to hang laundry on a clothesline. A. ante-, anti-B. chronC. cideD. de- F. extra-G. jectH. liberI. vit, viv Complete each italicized word with the correct word part from the box. E.dorm J. voc, vok Lifting a car is a feat of strength that is beyond the ordinary. Liberate means “to set free.” The word frees is a clue. extraordinary liberated

29 9.Leah has an amazing (... abulary) ___ for a two-year-old. She was just telling me the difference between “Mr. Crocodile” and “Mr. Alligator.” 10.An (ana... ism) ___ is someone or something that seems to belong to an earlier time and is out of place in the present. San Francisco’s cable cars are an example. 8.(Regi... ) ___ means “the killing of a king.” A famous instance is Charles I of England, who was beheaded in SENTENCE CHECK 1 A. ante-, anti-B. chronC. cideD. de- F. extra-G. jectH. liberI. vit, viv Complete each italicized word with the correct word part from the box. E.dorm J. voc, vok

30 8.____________ means “the killing of a king.” A famous instance is Charles I of England, who was beheaded in Leah has an amazing __________ for a two-year-old. She was just telling me the difference between “Mr. Crocodile” and “Mr. Alligator.” 10.An ___________ is someone or something that seems to belong to an earlier time and is out of place in the present. San Francisco’s cable cars are an example. SENTENCE CHECK 1 A. ante-, anti-B. chronC. cideD. de- F. extra-G. jectH. liberI. vit, viv Complete each italicized word with the correct word part from the box. E.dorm J. voc, vok Regicide means “the killing of a king.” Vocabulary comes from a Latin word meaning “to name or call.” Anachronism contains the word parts ana (“against”) and chron (“time”). Regicide vocabulary anachronism


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