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Past Tenses Relationship of Past Events/Actions to Each Other.

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Presentation on theme: "Past Tenses Relationship of Past Events/Actions to Each Other."— Presentation transcript:

1 Past Tenses Relationship of Past Events/Actions to Each Other

2 Past Tenses __ Simple Past 1) When I arrived, they were talking about me. about me. __ Past Continuous 2) When I arrived, they had been talking about me for an hour. talking about me for an hour. __ Past Perfect 3) When I arrived, they talked about me. me. __ Past Perfect Continuous Continuous 4) When I arrived, they had talked about me. about me Past Tenses - Examples

3 Past Tenses Past Tenses - Formulas __ Simple Past 1) had been + present participle __ Past Continuous 2) was/were + present participle __ Past Perfect 3) verb + ed (*regular verbs) __ Past Perfect Continuous Continuous 4) had + past participle

4 Past Tenses Past Tenses - Use Action 1: I arrived. Action 2: They talked about me. Simple Past ► Action 2 occurring right after action 1. When I arrived, they talked about me.. (First, I arrived. Then they started talking about me.)

5 Past Tenses Past Tenses - Use Action 1: I arrived. Action 2: They talked about me. Past Continuous ► Action 2 continuing at the same time as action 1. When I arrived, they were talking about me.. (They started talking about me before I arrived. When I arrived, they were still talking about me.)

6 Past Tenses Past Tenses - Use Action 1: I arrived. Action 2: They talked about me. Past Perfect ► Action 2 occurring before action 1. When I arrived, they had talked about me.. (They started and finished talking about me before I arrived. I didn’t see them talking about me.)

7 Past Tenses Past Tenses - Use Action 1: I arrived. Action 2: They talked about me. Past Perfect Continuous ► Action 2 occurring during some time before action 1. When I arrived, they had been talking about me for one hour.. (They were talking about me for one hour. Then I arrived. I didn’t see them talking about me for that first hour.)

8 Past Tenses COMPARE verb + ed Simple Past (verb + ed ) ► Action 2 occurring right after action 1. was/were + present participle Past Continuous (was/were + present participle ) ► Action 2 continuing at the same time as action 1. When I arrived, they talked about me.. When I arrived, they were talking about me.. (First, I arrived. Then they started talking about me.) (They started talking about me before I arrived. When I arrived, they were still talking about me.)

9 Past Tenses 1) My mother _______________ (cook) something when I walked into the room. The smell of the food was wonderful. was cooking Complete the sentences with the simple past or the past continuous. 2) My mother _______________ (cook) something when I walked into the room. She said she was waiting for me to help her decide what she would make for dinner. cooked 3) I _______________ (have, almost) a car accident last night. I _______________ (drive) down Washington Avenue when suddenly I _______________ (see) a car in my lane. It _______________ (come) right at my car. I _______________ (step) on the brakes and _______________ (swerve) to the right. The other car _______________ (miss, just) my car at about an inch. almost had stepped saw was coming was driving swerved just missed

10 Past Tenses COMPARE verb + ed Simple Past (verb + ed ) ► Action 2 occurring right after action 1. + past participle Past Perfect (had + past participle ) ► Action 2 occurring before action 1. When I arrived, they talked about me.. When I arrived, they had talked about me.. (First, I arrived. Then they started talking about me.) (They started and finished talking about me before I arrived. I didn’t see them talking about me.)

11 Past Tenses 2) My mother _______________ (cook) something when I walked into the room. The food was waiting for me on the table. had cooked Complete the sentences with the simple past or the past perfect. 1) My mother _______________ (cook) something when I walked into the room. She said she was waiting for me to help her decide what she would make for dinner. cooked 3) He _______________ (be) a newspaper reporter before he _______________ (become) a businessman. had been became 4) I _______________ (feel) a little better after I _______________ (take) the medicine. felt had takentook

12 Past Tenses COMPARE + present participle Past Perfect Continuous (had been + present participle ) ► Action 2 occurring during some time before action 1. + past participle Past Perfect (had + past participle ) ► Action 2 occurring before action 1. When I arrived, they had been talking about me for one hour.. When I arrived, they had talked about me.. (They were talking about me for one hour. Then I arrived. I didn’t see them talking about me for that first hour.) (They started and finished talking about me before I arrived. I didn’t see them talking about me.)

13 Past Tenses 1) My mother _______________ (cook) something when I walked into the room. The food was waiting for me on the table. had cooked Complete the sentences with the past perfect or the past perfect continuous. 2) My mother _______________ (cook) something for more than one hour when I walked in the room. She was already exhausted, so I helped her finish preparing the food. had been cooking 4) Michael _______________ (work) as a lawyer before he became a singer. In fact, he _______________ (work) in that company for more than 10 years. had worked had been working had cooked had worked 3) My mother _______________ (cook) something for more than one hour when I walked in the room. She was exhausted, but the dish looked wonderful! had been cookinghad cooked

14 Past Tenses COMPARE ALL THE PAST TENSES + present participle Past Perfect Continuous (had been + present participle ) ► Action 2 occurring during some time before action 1. + past participle Past Perfect (had + past participle ) ► Action 2 occurring before action 1. When I arrived, they had been talking about me for one hour.. When I arrived, they had talked about me.. verb + ed Simple Past (verb + ed ) ► Action 2 occurring right after action 1. was/were + present participle Past Continuous (was/were + present participle ) ► Action 2 continuing at the same time as action 1. When I arrived, they talked about me.. When I arrived, they were talking about me..

15 Past Tenses Match the pictures with their corresponding sentences. When Ellen arrived home, Mark cooked dinner. When Ellen arrived home, Mark was cooking dinner. When Ellen arrived home, Mark had cooked dinner. a b c c a b

16 Past Tenses 1) I was late. The teacher ____________________ (already /give) a quiz when I ____________________ (get) to class. Complete the sentences with the BEST past tense. 2) The kids ____________________ (still / sleep) when their father _______________ (call). And I didn’t want to wake them up, so they didn’t talk to him. 3) My mother ____________________ (sleep) when I ____________________ (arrive) home. She was always anxious about what could happen to me. As for my father, he didn’t seem to worry. When I arrived home from parties, he ____________________ (already / go) to bed. slept called were still sleeping arrived had already given got had already gone 4) I ____________________ (study) English for almost 2 years when I first____________________ (travel) abroad. had been studyinghad studied traveled

17 Past Tenses The End !!!!!!


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