Presentation on theme: "“To understand world cultures, it is important to see the connections between people and their environment.”"— Presentation transcript:
“To understand world cultures, it is important to see the connections between people and their environment.”
The study of where people, places, & things are located and how they relate to each other 5 basic themes to understand the link between PEOPLE and THE EARTH … 1. Movement 2. Region 3. Location 4. Interaction between People and Environment 5. Place
Aka- Migration Has positives and negatives! As people move… Ideas spread Trade Exports v. Imports - Exports v. Imports Creates Interdependence dependence of countries on goods, resources & knowledge from other parts of the world - dependence of countries on goods, resources & knowledge from other parts of the world “Brain Drain” If too many people leave an area… can create a “Brain Drain”
Area with its own unifying characteristics ( can be physical, cultural, political or economic )
Position on earth’s surface or Relative or Absolute Lines of latitude measure N & S of the Equator Lines of longitude measure E & W of the Prime Meridian (Greenwich, England)
People change the environment Progress (“Progress” but often Hidden Costs with “Hidden Costs”) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VcSX4ytEfcE adapt Or people adapt
physical humancharacteristics Described by physical & human characteristics… Physical characteristics Physical characteristics include landforms, climate, soil & animal life Human characteristics- Human characteristics- ex. Activities, transportation, religion & language
PittsburghPLACE How would you describe Pittsburgh as a PLACE?
5 themes of Geography Interaction Hilly, rivers, cool winters, warm summers Tech,ed,med center, steeler nation, yinzers Region positives negatives
Interaction People change the environment Adapt Progress vs hidden costs
Several different types of maps Each has “pros” and “cons”
There are special purpose maps that show a variety of information POLITICAL MAPS
PHYSICAL MAPS Topography
Natural resources Natural resources
Mountains- Mountains- vary in elevation, 2000ft+ Hills- Hills- raised land lower than mts. Plains- Plains- large areas of flat or gently rolling land Plateaus- Plateaus-large areas of high, flat or rolling land Others… desert, straight, loess, cataract
Climate Climate- average weather a place has over yrs. latitudeelevation Effected by latitude and elevation Can have a major effect on people’s lives. Ex….
Many misunderstandings between people around the world because we don’t know enough about each other and our culture. Some examples: US Military Blunder…COSTLY! soldiers-burned-more-than-100-korans soldiers-burned-more-than-100-korans Culture Culture and a Super Bowl Ring??? accused accused Culture - all the things that make up a people’s entire way of life
G OVERNMENT R ELIGION E CONOMY E DUCATION F AMILY
Forms of Government People form governments to provide for their common needs Types: Democracy Republic Dictatorship Revolutionary Totalitarian Oligarchy Theocracy Monarchy Anarchy Parliamentary Presidential
Types of Religions: Monotheism Polytheism Major world religions: Judaism Christianity Islam Hinduism Buddhism
Economic Systems Four types: Traditional: people produce what they need to survive, they produce the same thing in the same ways as generations before Market: individuals decide what is produced, how it is produced, and who uses the product Command: government controls the economy… what and how thing are made and who uses them ___________________________________________________ Mixed: Individuals make some economic decisions, the government makes others
education Through education people learn … Language Language – important for communication and passing on traditions and beliefs Arts & Literature- Arts & Literature- teach about a culture’s values and promote cultural unity and pride World Languages, CIA World Fact Book - World Languages, CIA World Fact Book - https://www.cia.gov/li brary/publications/the -world- factbook/fields/2098.h tml
Family is the most impt. unit of social org. unit of social org. Nuclear family- Nuclear family- husband, wife, children Extended family- Extended family- several generations in one household Respect for elders for elders is usually strong in extended families Patrilineal- Patrilineal- children belong to father’s side of family Matrilineal- Matrilineal- children belong to mother’s side of family Bilateral Bilateral- ? _______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ Types of marriages Monogamy Polygamy Polygyny Polyandry VIDEO-
Social classes Another unit of social organization Ranks people in order of status What can social class be based on? Money Money Occupation Occupation Education Education Race Race Etc. Etc. Open Class Systems vs. Closed Class System
Norm- Norm- Norms refer to the expectations, or rules of behavior, that develop from our values. Ex.- eating 3xs/day, going to school, bathing daily, using a phone, using electricity 1. Folkways 1. Folkways- sometimes known as “conventions” or “customs,” are standards of behavior that are socially approved but not morally significant 2. Mores 2. Mores- norms of morality 3. Taboos- 3. Taboos- culture absolutely forbids them
1. Technology 1. Technology- Inventions 2. Environment Changes 3. New Ideas- 3. New Ideas- Social changes 4. Diffusion: 4. Diffusion: movement of customs and ideas from one place to another (and ADAPTATION )
Ethnocentrism: Ethnocentrism: judging other cultures by the standards of your own Assuming your own culture to be the best Stereotyping Racism: Racism: belief that one racial group is naturally superior to another Race is a cultural thing. It does not actually, physically exist Frame of Reference
What is the message of this cartoon?
First people lived more than 2 mil years ago in Eastern Africa “Stone Age” Chipped rocks to shape tools & weapons Controlled fire Developed language Nomads
Agricultural Revolution About 10,000 yrs. Ago 2 Major ADVANCES: Farm Domesticate animals Where: Tigris-Euphrates River in Modern-day Iraq Southeast Asia? Results: Tied to the earth Permanent communities Could support more people
All had: Governments Religions Specialized skills and jobs Social classes Record keeping
The Muslim World Expands 1300–1700 Ottomans Turkey Safavids Iran A group of Turks called Ottomans set up a new empire in what is now modern Turkey. Farther to the east, the Safavids arose in modern Iran, where rulers embraced a special type of Islam that made them different from their neighbors. Meanwhile, India saw the rise of the Mughal Empire as Muslims created a powerful state there.
African Kingdoms Mali Mansa Musa Timbuktu
China Mongols- nomads from Central Asia Set up roads between china and the middle east- Silk Route Paper, gunpowder
Europe Much less developed at this time …but this begins to change. 1300s-1650s Adopted foreign technologies Built on ancient learning Expands overseas Emergence of Europe
1700s-1900s Industrial Revolution Second Agricultural Revolution Imperialism Westernization Cold War
Scars of IMPERIALISM: EconomicPoliticalinstability Economic and Political instability
Technological Revolution Since WWII and even more so since the 70s. So many changes in technology…REVOLUTION! Like industrial revolution- major effect on lives & societies. Communication, Transportation & Space What technological advancements have been made in this arena? What have the effects of this been? How is MOVEMENT involved here?
o Healthcare What technological advancements have been made in this arena? What have the effects of this been? How is INTERACTION involved here?
Agriculture What technological advancements have been made in this arena? What have the effects of this been? How is INTERACTION involved here?
GOOD Is this GOOD? BAD Or is this BAD?
PROBLEMS Development There are PROBLEMS associated with Development : Population Explosion Urbanization Cultural Change
problems of globalization Which problems of globalization do each of these illustrate?
“Silent Spring”- Rachel Carson Pesticides killed insects, but has domino effect on entire ecosystem & harms humans ECOLOGY: Gave rise to ECOLOGY: the science of the interactions among organisms and their environment Dangers to environment have many sources: Deforestation Desertification Chemical Wastes and disasters Species loss-