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Presentation on theme: "Geography."— Presentation transcript:

1 Geography

2 What is Geography? Geography can be defined as the study of people, their environments and their resources. The study of the distribution and interaction of physical and human resources on earth.

3 What is Geography Geography is closely linked to history.
History is the account of what has happened in the lives of different people.

4 What is Geography? How similar is this definition to your definition?

5 BASIC GEOGRAPHY Geography is the study of the relationship between people and their physical environment The name geography comes from GEO meaning earth and GRAPHICA meaning description.

6 2 Branches of Geography Physical Geography Human (Cultural) Geography
Study of earth’s physical processes Geology – rocks and earth formations Environmental science – human interaction with the environment Topography – earth’s features Cartography – map making. Human (Cultural) Geography Characteristics of human activities Politics – governments History – significant events Economics – how use resources Sociology – human societies Urban – cities Demographics – human population statistics

7 5 Oceans – Southern, Arctic, Pacific, Indian, Atlantic
7 continents – Africa, Asia, Antarctica, South America, North America, Europe & Australia 5 Oceans – Southern, Arctic, Pacific, Indian, Atlantic

8 Latitude AKA: Parallels
Numbers get higher the further North or South you move away from the Equator Latitude lines measure North or South of the Equator Zero Degrees Latitude is the Equator 90 Degree North (North Pole) 90 Degrees South (South Pole)

9 Longitude AKA- Meridians
Zero Degrees longitude is the Prime Meridian degrees East or West is the International Date Line By international agreement - 0 degrees longitude runs through the Royal Observatory in Greenwich, England Numbers get higher the farther you move either East of West Longitude lines measure East or West of the Prime Meridian Longitude AKA- Meridians

10 KNOW: Equator, 2 Tropics, 2 Circles, 2 Poles and their latitudes!!!!
MEMORIZE THESE LINES!! KNOW: Equator, 2 Tropics, 2 Circles, 2 Poles and their latitudes!!!!

11 The US is in the Western Hemisphere and the Northern Hemisphere
Hemisheres If you cut the Earth through the Equator you would get two halves, the Northern and Southern Hemisphere If you cut the Earth through the Prime Meridian you would get two halves, the Western and Eastern Hemisphere The US is in the Western Hemisphere and the Northern Hemisphere Each degree of the earth is equal to 1/360 of the earth. Each degree is divided into 60 minutes (‘). Each minute = 60 seconds (“)

12 Globe - Scale model of the earth.

13 Map Scale Small Scale Maps- Show large area with little detail
Large Scale Maps- Show small area with a lot of detail

14 Large Scale Map

15 Small Scale Map

16 Types of Maps General Purpose Maps Special Purpose Maps
Show a wide variety of information Physical Maps- Show topography (shape) of earths physical features Political Maps- Show boundaries between countries. Also may show cities, capitals, roads, railroads. Think man made! Special Purpose Maps Emphasize a single idea or a particular kind of information Economic Activity Map- Shows the distribution of land use and natural resources.




20 Five Themes of Geography
There are 5 basic themes of geography Location Place Human Features Human and Environmental Interaction Movement Region

21 Location Location Absolute Relative

22 Location Absolute Tells you the exact location
Exact location using latitude and longitude

23 Location Relative Location Places in relation to another

24 Location Absolute Relative Tells you “Where it is”

25 Location Come up with examples of what you think could be considered:
Absolute location Relative location

26 Place A particular space with physical and human meaning
Unique characteristics that make places “places” How are they similar to one another?

27 Place When looking at Place, you may think about Place as Physical Features Climate Soil Animal life and Plant life Bodies of Water

28 Place What is another example of physical features to describe place?

29 Place When looking at Place, you may think about Place as Human and Cultural Characteristics Kinds of homes Transportation Ways to earn a living Religion and Traditions

30 Place How would you describe Clinton High School in terms of place?

31 Place Physical Features Human Features
Tells you “What it is like there”

32 Human and Environmental Interactions
The study of the interrelationship between people and their physical environment How do people use their environment? How and why do people change their environments? What is the result or consequences of the changes people make?

33 Human and Environmental Interactions
How do people: Depend on the environment? Modify the environment? Adapt to their environment?

34 Human and Environmental Interactions
Depend - Rivers Modify - Roads Adapt - clothes

35 Human and Environmental Interactions
Human and Environmental Interaction tells you “What is the relationship between people and their environment”

36 Movement People study how people shape the world
how they settle the earth how they form societies how the create permanent features how people adapt to make societies

37 Movement When looking at movement think about the movement of people, goods and ideas Reasons for movement many times is that there is a need to adapt

38 Movement Tells you “ How are people and places connected

39 Region Areas united by specific factors
There are three types of regions formal functional perceptual

40 Region Formal Region formal or uniform region is defined by common characteristics like The Corn Belt - Iowa and Illinois area of US cause they are known for farming.

41 Region Functional region
a central place and the surrounding areas linked to it highway systems large cities

42 Region Perceptual region
set or defined by popular feelings and images rather than by objects The heartland The motherland

43 Region Can you come up with an example of each? Formal Functional

44 Region Region tells you “ How are places similar?”

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