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CHAPTER 1 THE GLOBAL ENVIRONMENT. The study of people, their environments and their resources Location Place Interaction Movement Region GEOGRAPHY Section.

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Presentation on theme: "CHAPTER 1 THE GLOBAL ENVIRONMENT. The study of people, their environments and their resources Location Place Interaction Movement Region GEOGRAPHY Section."— Presentation transcript:

1 CHAPTER 1 THE GLOBAL ENVIRONMENT

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3 The study of people, their environments and their resources Location Place Interaction Movement Region GEOGRAPHY Section 1 Exploring the World Around us

4 LOCATION The position of a place on the earths surface

5 Different Types Relative Where something is in relation to the things around it. Absolute Exact location N and S: Longitude E and W: Latitude

6 Prime Meridian = 0 o International Dateline =180 o

7 PLACE An Areas Physical & Human Characteristics Physical: Climate Vegetation Animals Human: Population Transportation Culture

8 INTERACTION Relationship between people and the environment

9 Scenario #1 People influence the environment

10 Scenario #2 The environment influences people

11 MOVEMENT The moving of people, goods, and ideas from one area to another

12 Why Move?Immigration? Emigration? Migration: Movement of People

13 Why trade with other countries? RESULT: Interdependence IMPORTS VS EXPORTS Trade: Movement of Goods

14 Region: An Area With Distinctive Characteristics Is it ever mentioned by another name? 3rd World Dairy Belt Bible Belt Frost Belt

15 CLIMATE The average weather of a place over a period of 20-30 years. Key factors: Location & Elevation Section 2- Understanding the Physical World

16 LOCATION Arctic Temperate Tropical

17 ELEVATION Colder Warmer

18 CULTURE All the things a person learns that makes up their entire way of life. Grandparents Parents Children Section 3: The Meaning of Culture

19 SOCIAL ORGANIZATIONS NUCLEAR: Father, mother, children Industrial societies EXTENDED: Grandparents, parents, aunts, uncles, children Agricultural societies

20 Who Rules the Family? Matriarchal Patriarchal

21 Customs and Traditions Societys rules of behavior Laws Peer Pressure

22 Language Positive: The cornerstone of culture Negative: Creates a great deal of tension

23 Arts & Literature Teach about a particular culture Used to pass along values

24 Religion Monotheism: Worship of one god Polytheism: Worship more than one god Christianity Hinduism Judaism Islam

25 Government Democracy Republic Dictatorship Communism Iraq Athens, Greece Cuba United States

26 Government Democracy Republic Dictatorship Communism Iraq Athens, Greece Cuba United States

27 Government Democracy Republic Dictatorship Communism Iraq Athens, Greece Cuba United States

28 Government Democracy Republic Dictatorship Communism Iraq Athens, Greece Cuba United States

29 Economic Systems Command Tradition Market Mixed United States Kalahari Bushmen Soviet Union Village market

30 Economic Systems Command Tradition Market Mixed United States Kalahari Bushmen Soviet Union Rural village

31 Economic Systems Command Tradition Market Mixed United States Kalahari Bushmen Soviet Union Rural village

32 Economic Systems Command Tradition Market Mixed United States Kalahari Bushmen Soviet Union Rural village

33 Social Classes Way in which cultures rank people in terms of their importance. Social Mobility: Moving from one social class to another Money Land Education Ancestory Occupation Definition:How Done?

34 HOW DOES CULTURE CHANGE? CAUSES: Technology Changing Environment New Ideas Diffusion Section 4

35 UNDERSTANDING OTHER CULTURES Why is it so difficult?

36 RACISM The belief that one group or culture is superior to another.

37 ETHNOCENTRISM Judging other cultures by ones own standards.

38 What does society need? Appreciation of cultural diversity

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