2 CultureCulture: everything that makes up a person’s entire way of life
3 7 Elements of Culture Social Organization These are things that all cultures have in common.What might some of those things be?Social Organization-When a culture organize its members into smaller groupsWhat might some smaller groups be in a culture?FamiliesFriendsReligious groupsSocial classesOccupationInterest groups
4 7 Elements of Culture Social Organization, cont. - family: the most important unit of social organizationNuclear family- husband, wife, childrenExtended family- several generations in one household- respect for elders is usually strong in extended fams.
5 7 Elements of Culture Social Organization, cont. - social classes: a way to rank people in order of statusWhat can social class be based on?MoneyOccupationEducationRaceEtc.
6 7 Elements of Culture 2. Customs and Traditions - rules of behavior (written and unwritten)
7 7 Elements of Culture Language Important for communication and passing on traditions and beliefsThere is some debate about making English the official language of the United States.
8 7 Elements of Culture 4. Arts and Literature - teach about a culture’s values- promote cultural pride and unity
9 7 Elements of Culture Religion Major World Religions Monotheism: belief in one godPolytheism: belief in more than one godMajor World ReligionsJudaism, Christianity, Islam, Hinduism, Buddhism
10 7 Elements of Culture 6. Forms of Government People form governments to provide for their common needsTypesDemocracy: people have supreme powerRepublic: people choose leaders to represent themDictatorship: a ruler or group holds power by forceWhite HouseGreat Britain’s Houses of Parliament
11 7 Elements of Culture Economic Systems Four types 1. Traditional: people produce most of what they need to survive2. Market: basic economic questions are answered by buying/selling goods and services3. Command: government controls answers to economic questions4. Mixed: individuals make some economic decisions, the government makes others
12 Ways Cultures Change Technology Environment Changes Cars, telephone, computers, TV dinnersEnvironment ChangesNew Ideas (like recycling)4. Diffusion: movement of customs and ideas from one place to another
13 Be Careful of…Ethnocentrism: judging other cultures by the standards of your ownAssuming your own culture to be the bestRacism: belief that one racial group is naturally superior to anotherRace is a culture thing. It does not actually, physically exist.