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- Review 1 st part of section #4 - Read & discuss remainder of section 4 of chapter 15 (p.484-491) - Take notes on section - Write essential question paragraph.

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Presentation on theme: "- Review 1 st part of section #4 - Read & discuss remainder of section 4 of chapter 15 (p.484-491) - Take notes on section - Write essential question paragraph."— Presentation transcript:

1 - Review 1 st part of section #4 - Read & discuss remainder of section 4 of chapter 15 (p ) - Take notes on section - Write essential question paragraph - “I Can Statement”: I can explain how President Nixon removed the U.S. from the Vietnam War.

2 Nixon & Vietnam

3 Essential Question How did President Nixon remove the U.S. from Vietnam?

4 A New Strategy Nixon takes steps to get U.S. out of Vietnam National Security Advisor Henry Kissinger started a policy called “linkage”: Improve U.S. relations with N. Vietnam’s communist supporters (Soviet Union & China) He implements “Peace with Honor”

5 Critical Thinking p. 485 Read the primary source on a changing Foreign Policy and answer the question in your notebook.

6 Peace with Honor 3 steps to this plan 1. Reforming the selective service system 2. Giving S. Vietnam more responsibility in fighting the war 3. Expanding the bombing campaign

7 Changes in the Draft 1. No more college deferments 2. Minimum age to be drafted to Vietnam was raised to Draftees picked by lottery of their birthdays - Protests against the draft lessoned as fewer young people were drafted!

8 Troop Withdrawal 1. Vietnamization: Cutting back of U.S. troops in Vietnam 2. S. Vietnam takes a more active role in fighting 3. June 1969 the 1 st 25,000 U.S. soldiers leave Vietnam

9 Increased Bombing 1. Expand bombing campaign in hope of relieving pressure on S. Vietnam’s troops. 2. Ordered the bombing of enemy supply routes in Laos & Cambodia (Kept a secret)

10 Turn & Talk Why do you think Nixon kept the bombing of Cambodia & Laos a secret from the American people?

11 Turn & Talk Question: Why do you think Nixon kept the bombing of Cambodia & Laos a secret from the American people? Possible answer: 1. Didn’t want the American people to feel the war was expanding into new countries.

12 Short writing assignment 1. How should the U.S. get out of Vietnam? 2. What are the possible negative implications of leaving Vietnam?

13 Renewed Opposition at Home By 1969 Americans are fed up with the war & protest are renewed. U.S. increases their bombing campaign in hopes of getting N. Vietnam to start peace talks. N. Vietnam stalls sensing the growing antiwar protests in U.S.

14 Expanding the War Civil war breaks out in Cambodia between communist & non communist forces U.S. sends in troops to destroy communist bases People are upset with the war escalating (growing)

15 By the Numbers 487 What percentage of Americans were against the war in 1965? 1969? In what year was opposition to the war the highest? Lowest?

16 Campus Protests May 4, Kent State University 1. Students burned a military building on campus 2. National Guard shoot & kill four unarmed protestors May 15, Jackson State University 1. 2 students shot and killed by police 2. Riots follow

17 The Pentagon Papers Released by Daniel Ellsberg Detailed ways in which various presidents & their administrations lied to Congress, the press, & the American people about the war. Confirmed people’s suspicions about the gov. lying

18 Peace & the War’s Legacy Paris Peace Accords: Jan peace agreement signed Last U.S. soldier leaves Vietnam in North invades South and unifies Vietnam under communism. U.S. does nothing to stop N. Vietnam

19 Read “Legacy of the War” p. 488 Critical Thinking: Although the countries and soldiers went into battle for different reasons, what did all people involved in the Vietnam War experience?

20 The Human Toll & Impact of the War Over 1 million Vietnamese soldiers & civilians died Over 58,000 U.S. soldiers died 300,000 U.S. soldiers injured Cost U.S. over 150 billion dollars Most soldiers treated badly upon returning home

21 Essential Question How did President Nixon remove the U.S. from Vietnam?


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