2 (c) PIH 2007. All rights reserved. What Really Happened….(c) PIH All rights reserved.
3 Allegiances Delian League Spartan Confederacy Argos Melos Corcyria CorinthThebesPylosNeutralMacedonia
4 The Delian LeagueInitially formed to continue the naval war against PersiaTo protect trade routesLiberate Greek Islands from Persian control
5 Purposes of Spartan Confederacy A mutual desire for securitySupport other oligarchy governmentsStop Athenian domination of the Greeks
6 The Leagues Transition Athens power continued to grow and it began to dominate the Delian LeagueSparta became paranoid and suspicious of the Delian leagues intentions. As a result, their members began to encourage action against Athens.
7 New League Goals Delian/Athens Sparta Retain all members Promote democratic governmentsMaintain position of powerSpartaPrevent Athenian dominationAssist oligarchic governmentsProtect other city-states attempting to leave the Delian League
8 What were the purposes and goals of the two leagues? Discussion!
9 Relationship between Athens and Sparta During the Persian war Athens and Sparta were alliesFor much of the war Sparta was in charge of the Greek alliance against the PersiansAfter the Delian league was established, Sparta gave up its leadership of the war against PersiaAs a result, relations between Athens and Sparta eventually became strained-especially, once Athens began to appear to be establishing an empire
10 How The Delian League Functioned Athens was made the leader due to naval strengthAfter becoming a member, city-states had to pay regular fees and supply shipsInitially, each city-state had an equal vote, but Athens eventually took over decision makingAthens was always able to control the majority-ensuring its will was carried out
11 How the Spartan Confederacy Functioned Offensive and defensive allianceLeague councils were used for decision makingBound together by a mutual desire for security and protectionLeadership of the member city-states was a close knit group of oligarchsLarger city-states could influence Spartan policyGeographic proximity of the Peloponnesus strongly influenced league membershipSmaller city-states joined out of fear of Sparta
13 Athenian Perspective on Power Corcyria:got involved in a civil war Epidamnus.It supported a democratic government over an opposing aristocratic governmentAs a result, the democratic government wonCorcyria was afraid of an attack from Corinth because they had helped the democratic partyOut of fear Corcyria turned to Athens
14 Other Examples of Athenian Perspectives on Power Melos: A city-state that wanted to stay neutral and was forced to become part of the Athenian Empire. Men were killed, women and children were sold as slaves, and 500 settlers were sent to colonize their island.Example: Melian Dialogue is a document that describes a conversation between the leaders of Melos and Athenian delegation. Here we see the Athenians demanding submission of Melos. Document is recorded by Thucydides.“The strong do what they can and the weak submit.”Aigina, another city-state, tried to leave the Delian League. It was subjected by Athens in a similar way. Its land was ravaged, cities besieged, and navy defeated. They were forced to pay money to Athens on a regular basis.Read excerpt/stanzas Page 222 in Kickliter book…I’ll bring it.
15 Spartan Perspective on Power Corinth:Allied with Sparta since the Persian War and possibly before.Corinth mainly joined Sparta due to its rivalry with Athens.Athens was perceived as a threat to its communications, trade, and wealth.ThebesNeighboring Boeotian city-states were taken over by Athens and made into democracies, therefore, making Thebes isolated as an oligarchyTurned to Sparta because they shared common interests and government structureInfanticideAnnual wars on helots to keep them in “Spartan” shape
16 How did the two leagues achieve the allegiance of the city-states mentioned in the examples? Discussion!
17 How do you think Athens and Sparta demonstrated imperialism?
18 Perspectives of Athens and Sparta Justified their dominance based on their leadership role in the Persian WarThe strength they had developedTheir promotion of democracySpartaJustified their criticism of Athens as a moral crusade against the suppression of unwilling city-states in the Athenian EmpireFelt suspicious of Athens intent and how far they would take their empire
19 What were the perspectives of the two leagues? Discussion!
20 Do you think these leagues will lead to war or peace?