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Funerary Vase (Krater), Dipylon Cemetery, or Dipylon Vase Artist: Attributed to the Hirschfeld Workshop Medium: Ceramic, 42” high Date: c. 750–700 BCE,

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Presentation on theme: "Funerary Vase (Krater), Dipylon Cemetery, or Dipylon Vase Artist: Attributed to the Hirschfeld Workshop Medium: Ceramic, 42” high Date: c. 750–700 BCE,"— Presentation transcript:

1 Funerary Vase (Krater), Dipylon Cemetery, or Dipylon Vase Artist: Attributed to the Hirschfeld Workshop Medium: Ceramic, 42” high Date: c. 750–700 BCE, GEOMETRIC PERIOD Source/Museum: Dipylon Cemetery, Athens / The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York Used as a grave marker near Athens Mourners tearing hair with grief Geometric patterns, shapes representing mourners (not realistic) Note: no reference to afterlife (like on Egyptian funerary art)

2 Artist: n/a Title: Corinthian Olpe (Pitcher) Medium: Ceramic with black-figure decoration Size: height 11 ½" Date: c. 600 BCE Orientalizing Period Source/Museum: Corinth / The British Museum, London Significance: Black figure vase Shows Eastern/Oriental influence with motifs of imaginary animals, plant forms, from Near East, Asia Minor & Egypt

3 Artist: Exekias Title: The Suicide of Ajax Medium: Ceramic amphora with black-figure decoration, 27" high (69 cm) Date: c. 540 BCE Archaic Period Source/Museum: Château-Musée, Boulogne- sur-Mer, France Stunning composition with shape of figure echoing form of vase, balanced between uprights of shield & tree. Shows drama of moment when Ajax will throw himself on his sword. Black figure ceramic.

4 Artist: Euphronios (painter) and Euxitheos (potter) Title: Death of Sarpedon Ceramic calyx krater with red-figure decoration, 18" high Date: c. 515 BCE, Archaic Period Source/Museum: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York Euphronius best known red figure artist, illustrating a story from the Iliad, Sleep & Death carry dead Trojan warrior from battlefield Balanced composition, rhythm of decorative bands echoing the shape of the body and Hermes, guide to the Underworld Foreshorteing … such as Sarpedon’s left leg

5 Not a flashcard but be familiar with this … what type of building Treasury of the Siphnians, Delphi Sanctuary of Apollo, c BCE archaic period; filled with relief pedients, caryatids acting as columns, varying depth of relief.

6 Title: Anavysos Kouros Medium: Marble with remnants of paint Size: height 6'4" (1.93 m) Date: c. 530 BCE - Archaic Period Source/Museum: Cemetery at Anavysos, near Athens / National Archaeological Museum, Athens Significance: More naturalistic than New York Kouros (Standing Youth)… Archaic style-wiglike hair, archaic smile, stiffly posed showing Egyptian influence Male statues always nude (female Kore statues usually wore clothing) Originally on a grave, inscription honoring fallen war hero killed by Ares the war god

7 Dying Warrior, artist unknown Medium: Marble, about 6’long Date: c. 500–490 BCE, Archaic Period..West pediment marked end of Archaic period, more into early classical, East pediment is more rigid sculptures Source/Museum: Temple of Aphaia, Aegina (now located in Munich) Set standard for pediment sculpture, twisted form turning in space, fitting corner of triangle

8 Shows fragments reconstructed including the Dying Warrior Note the triangular composition

9 Kritian Boy, Marble, 3’10”, 480 BCE Early Classical, Kritios?, contrapossto, natural pose, lifelike. Found in Acropolis. Marks beginning of Early Classical Period, transitioning away from rigid archaic poses and geometric shapes

10 Spear Bearer (doryphoros, Achilles) Polykleitos, Roman Copy of orig. bronze 450 BCE 6’11” Illustrated Polykleitos canon of proportions which included symmetria, relationship of weight bearing and non weight bearing leg Dynamically balanced pose (spear is lost)

11 Riace Warrior, Artist Unknown High Classical period BCE Found in sea near Riace, Italy Impossibly idealized musculature Detailed glass eyes, silver teeth, copper lips Face is of older man, body of idealized Greek athlete (We saw these in Art Made the World, remember?)

12 Artist: Myron Title: Discus Thrower (Diskobolos) Medium: Marble Size: height 5'11" (1.55 m) Date: Roman copy after the original bronze of c. 450 BCE (classical period) Source/Museum: National Museum, Rome Idealized Olympic athlete Balanced form Humanism philosophy Closed vs. open, curves vs. angles, moment of tension

13 Flashcard image (Temple of Athena Nike)

14 Nike Adjusting Her Sandal, Artist unknown Marble, 3’6”, 410 BCE High Classical Fragment of relief decoration from Temple of Athena Nike, Acropolis, Athens Temple was built amphiprostyle plan with porch at each end, Ionic style Wings balance her pose Virtuoso sculptor of the clingy drapery as Nike balances to adjust her shoe

15 Model of the Acropolis, BCE - Recognize this area.

16 The Parthenon, Acropolis, Athens. Nw View, BCE, Kalikrates & Iktinos Proportions 4:9, balanced views, narrowing space of corner columns. Glorified Athens and Athena, masterpiece of sculpture/architecture, Marble. Pediment sculpture only survives in fragments. Independence, self confidence, pride. Inspired architecture worldwide, including 19th century US. Symbolizeds human ideals.

17 Erechtheion. View From The East. Porch of The Maidens At Left; North Porch Can Be Seen Through The Columns of The East Wall BCE Acropolis, Athens

18 Erechtheion, Acropolis, Athens. Porch of the Maidens 420 BCE, CLASSICAL PERIOD KNOWN FOR CARATYID COLUMNS in classical poses, closure symmetry and rhythm Erected under Perikles building programs to revitalize Athens Mythical location where Poseidon and Athena had a contest over who would rule Athens

19 Aphrodite of Knidos, Praxiteles Marble, 6’8” high, (Roman copy) 350 BCE (Late Classical) Presently located in Vatican museum, Rome 1st Greek female nude goddess (other female nudes were courtesans, etc.) Humanized mature woman, ready to bathe, everyday activity rather than idealized battle scene or athletic event. Possibly merging Babylonian goddess Ishtar with Aphrodite, Ishtar was almost always shown Nude Gradual acceptance of female nudes in Greek art

20 Temple of the Olympian Zeus, Athens Corinthian columns Built & rebuilt during 520 BCE to 132 CE

21 Dying Gallic Trumpeter (flashcard) Epigonos? 220 bce Sanctuary of Athena in Pergamon Expressionism characteristic of Hellenistic art Gauls were Celtic people conquered during this period Roman copy from garden of Julius Caesar

22 Flashcard Image Original 2nd century BCE Maybe Roman copy Pergamene style - complex composition illustrating episode from Trojan War… Laocon told Trojans to beware Greeks bearing gifts (Trojan Horse) Gods retaliated….

23 Nike (Victory) of Samothrace Marble, 8’ high 180 BCE Hellenestic Period Located in Louvre, Paris Pergamene style, very theatrical Heavy wings balance forward thrust of body Masterpiece with draperies, motion Commemorates military victory at sea (landing on ship’s prow)

24 Aphrodite of Melos (Venus de Milo) Marble, BCE, Hellenestic Artist unknown Located at Louvre Renewed interest in styles of Praxiteles and Lysippos, heavier proportion of High Classical period but twisting perspective of Hellenestic period Drapery falling off gives note of erotic tension


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