Presentation on theme: "Funerary Vase (Krater), Dipylon Cemetery, or Dipylon Vase"— Presentation transcript:
1 Funerary Vase (Krater), Dipylon Cemetery, or Dipylon Vase Artist: Attributed to the Hirschfeld WorkshopMedium: Ceramic, 42” highDate: c. 750–700 BCE, GEOMETRIC PERIODSource/Museum: Dipylon Cemetery, Athens / The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New YorkUsed as a grave marker near AthensMourners tearing hair with griefGeometric patterns, shapes representing mourners (not realistic)Note: no reference to afterlife (like on Egyptian funerary art)Artist: Attributed to the Hirschfeld WorkshopTitle: Funerary Vase (Krater)Medium: CeramicSize: height 42 ⅝" (108 cm)Date: c. 750–700 BCESource/Museum: Dipylon Cemetery, Athens / The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York. Rogers Fund, 1914 ( )
2 Title: Corinthian Olpe (Pitcher) Artist: n/aTitle: Corinthian Olpe (Pitcher)Medium: Ceramic with black-figure decorationSize: height 11 ½"Date: c. 600 BCE Orientalizing PeriodSource/Museum: Corinth / The British Museum, LondonSignificance:Black figure vaseShows Eastern/Oriental influence with motifs of imaginary animals, plant forms, from Near East, Asia Minor & EgyptArtist: n/aTitle: Pitcher (Olpe)Medium: Ceramic with black-figure decorationSize: height 11 ½" (30 cm)Date: c. 600 BCESource/Museum: Corinth / The British Museum, London
3 Title: The Suicide of Ajax Artist: ExekiasTitle: The Suicide of AjaxMedium: Ceramic amphora with black-figure decoration, 27" high (69 cm)Date: c. 540 BCE Archaic PeriodSource/Museum: Château-Musée, Boulogne-sur-Mer, FranceStunning composition with shape of figure echoing form of vase, balanced between uprights of shield & tree.Shows drama of moment when Ajax will throw himself on his sword.Black figure ceramic.Artist: ExekiasTitle: The Suicide of AjaxMedium: Ceramic amphora with black-figure decorationSize: height of amphora 27" (69 cm)Date: c. 540 BCESource/Museum: Château-Musée, Boulogne-sur-Mer, France
4 Artist: Euphronios (painter) and Euxitheos (potter) Title: Death of SarpedonCeramic calyx krater with red-figure decoration, 18" highDate: c. 515 BCE, Archaic PeriodSource/Museum: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New YorkEuphronius best known red figure artist, illustrating a story from the Iliad, Sleep & Death carry dead Trojan warrior from battlefieldBalanced composition, rhythm of decorative bands echoing the shape of the body and Hermes, guide to the UnderworldForeshorteing … such as Sarpedon’s left legArtist: Euphronios (painter) and Euxitheos (potter)Title: Death of SarpedonMedium: Ceramic calyx krater with red-figure decorationSize: height of krater 18" (45.7 cm)Date: c. 515 BCESource/Museum: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York
5 Not a flashcard but be familiar with this … what type of building Artist: n/aTitle: Reconstruction Drawing of the Treasury of the Siphnians, Delphi Sanctuary of Apollo, Delphi. c. 530–525 BCEMedium: n/aSize: n/aDate: n/aSource/Museum: n/aNot a flashcard but be familiar with this … what type of buildingTreasury of the Siphnians, Delphi Sanctuary of Apollo, c BCE archaic period; filled with relief pedients, caryatids acting as columns, varying depth of relief.
6 Title: Anavysos Kouros Medium: Marble with remnants of paint Size: height 6'4" (1.93 m)Date: c. 530 BCE - Archaic PeriodSource/Museum: Cemetery at Anavysos, near Athens / National Archaeological Museum, AthensSignificance:More naturalistic than New York Kouros (Standing Youth)…Archaic style-wiglike hair, archaic smile, stiffly posed showing Egyptian influenceMale statues always nude (female Kore statues usually wore clothing)Originally on a grave, inscription honoring fallen war hero killed by Ares the war godArtist: n/aTitle: Anavysos KourosMedium: Marble with remnants of paintSize: height 6'4" (1.93 m)Date: c. 530 BCESource/Museum: Cemetery at Anavysos, near Athens / National Archaeological Museum, Athens
7 Dying Warrior, artist unknown Medium: Marble, about 6’long Date: c. 500–490 BCE, Archaic Period..West pediment marked end of Archaic period, more into early classical, East pediment is more rigid sculpturesSource/Museum: Temple of Aphaia, Aegina (now located in Munich)Set standard for pediment sculpture, twisted form turning in space, fitting corner of triangleArtist: n/aTitle: Dying WarriorMedium: MarbleSize: length 6' (1.83 m)Date: c. 500–490 BCESource/Museum: Sculpture from the left corner of the east pediment of the Temple of Aphaia, Aegina / Staatliche Antikensammlungen und Glyptothek, Munich
8 Shows fragments reconstructed including the Dying Warrior Note the triangular composition
9 Marks beginning of Early Classical Period, transitioning away from rigid archaic poses and geometric shapesArtist: n/aTitle: Kritian BoyMedium: MarbleSize: height 3'10" (1.17 m)Date: c. 480 BCESource/Museum: From Acropolis, Athens / Acropolis Museum, AthensKritian Boy, Marble, 3’10”, 480 BCE Early Classical, Kritios?, contrapossto, natural pose, lifelike. Found in Acropolis.
10 Spear Bearer (doryphoros, Achilles) Polykleitos, Roman Copy of orig. bronze 450 BCE6’11”Illustrated Polykleitos canon of proportions which included symmetria, relationship of weight bearing and non weight bearing legDynamically balanced pose (spear is lost)Artist: PolykleitosTitle: Spear Bearer (Doryphoros), also known as AchillesMedium: Marble (tree trunk and brace strut are Roman additions)Size: height 6'11" (2.12 m)Date: Roman copy after the original bronze of c. 450–440 BCESource/Museum: National Archeological Museum, Naples
11 Found in sea near Riace, Italy Riace Warrior,Artist UnknownHigh Classical periodBCEFound in sea near Riace, ItalyImpossibly idealized musculatureDetailed glass eyes, silver teeth, copper lipsFace is of older man, body of idealized Greek athlete(We saw these in Art Made the World, remember?)Artist: n/aTitle: Warrior A (back)Medium: Bronze with bone and glass eyes, silver teeth, and copper lips and nipples.Size: height 6'9" (2.05 m)Date: c. 460–450 BCESource/Museum: Found in the sea off Riace, Italy / National Archeological Museum, Reggio Calabria, Italy
12 Title: Discus Thrower (Diskobolos) Medium: Marble Artist: MyronTitle: Discus Thrower (Diskobolos)Medium: MarbleSize: height 5'11" (1.55 m)Date: Roman copy after the original bronze of c. 450 BCE (classical period)Source/Museum: National Museum, RomeIdealized Olympic athleteBalanced formHumanism philosophyClosed vs. open, curves vs. angles, moment of tensionArtist: MyronTitle: Discus Thrower (Diskobolos)Medium: MarbleSize: height 5'11" (1.55 m)Date: Roman copy after the original bronze of c. 450 BCESource/Museum: National Museum, Rome
14 Nike Adjusting Her Sandal, Artist unknown Marble, 3’6”, 410 BCE High ClassicalFragment of relief decoration from Temple of Athena Nike, Acropolis, AthensTemple was built amphiprostyle plan with porch at each end, Ionic styleWings balance her poseVirtuoso sculptor of the clingy drapery as Nike balances to adjust her shoeArtist: n/aTitle: Nike (Victory) Adjusting Her SandalMedium: MarbleSize: height 3' 6" (1.06 m)Date: Last quarter of the 5th century (perhaps 410–405) BCESource/Museum: Fragment of relief decoration from the parapet (now destroyed), Temple of Athena Nike, Acropolis, Athens / Acropolis Museum, Athens
15 Model of the Acropolis, 447-432 BCE - Recognize this area. Artist: n/aTitle: Model of the Acropolis, AthensMedium: n/aSize: n/aDate: c. 447–432 BCESource/Museum: Royal Ontario Museum, Toronto
16 Artist: Kallikrates and Iktinos Title: Parthenon, Acropolis, Athens. View from the Northwest.Medium: Pantelic marbleSize: n/aDate: 447–432 BCESource/Museum: n/aThe Parthenon, Acropolis, Athens. Nw View, BCE, Kalikrates & IktinosProportions 4:9, balanced views, narrowing space of corner columns. Glorified Athens and Athena, masterpiece of sculpture/architecture, Marble. Pediment sculpture only survives in fragments. Independence, self confidence, pride. Inspired architecture worldwide, including 19th century US. Symbolizeds human ideals.
17 Artist: n/aTitle: Erechtheion. View From The East. Porch of The Maidens At Left; North Porch Can Be Seen Through The Columns of The East WallMedium: n/aSize: n/aDate: 421–406 BCESource/Museum: Acropolis, AthensErechtheion. View From The East. Porch of The Maidens At Left; North Porch Can Be Seen Through The Columns of The East Wall BCE Acropolis, Athens
18 Erechtheion, Acropolis, Athens. Porch of the Maidens 420 BCE, CLASSICAL PERIODKNOWN FOR CARATYID COLUMNS in classical poses, closure symmetry and rhythmErected under Perikles building programs to revitalize AthensMythical location where Poseidon and Athena had a contest over who would rule AthensArtist: n/aTitle: Porch of The Maidens (South Porch), ErechtheionMedium: n/aSize: n/aDate: Temple 430s–406 BCE; porch c. 420–410 BCESource/Museum: Acropolis, Athens
19 Aphrodite of Knidos, Praxiteles Marble, 6’8” high, (Roman copy) 350 BCE (Late Classical)Presently located in Vatican museum, Rome1st Greek female nude goddess(other female nudes were courtesans, etc.)Humanized mature woman, ready to bathe, everyday activity rather than idealized battle scene or athletic event.Possibly merging Babylonian goddess Ishtar with Aphrodite, Ishtar was almost always shown NudeGradual acceptance of female nudes in Greek artArtist: PraxitelesTitle: Aphrodite of KnidosMedium: MarbleSize: height 6'8" (2.04 m)Date: Composite of two similar Roman copies after the original marble of c. 350 BCESource/Museum: Vatican Museums, Museo Pio Clementino, Gabinetto delle Maschere, Rome
20 Temple of the Olympian Zeus, Athens Corinthian columns Built & rebuilt during 520 BCE to 132 CEArtist: n/aTitle: Temple of the Olympian Zeus, Athens; Acropolis in DistanceMedium: n/aSize: Height of columns 55"5" (16.89 m)Date: Building and rebuilding phases: foundation c. 520–510 BCE using the Doric order; temple designed by Cossutius, begun 175 BCE, left unfinished 164 BCE, completed 132 CE using Cossutius’s design and the Corinthian orderSource/Museum: n/a
21 Dying Gallic Trumpeter (flashcard) Epigonos? 220 bce Sanctuary of Athena in PergamonExpressionism characteristic of Hellenistic artGauls were Celtic people conquered during this periodRoman copy from garden of Julius CaesarArtist: Epigonos (?)Title: Dying Gallic Trumpeter (back)Medium: MarbleSize: height, 36½" (93 cm)Date: Roman copy after the original bronze of c. 220 BCESource/Museum: Capitoline Museum, Rome
22 Flashcard ImageOriginal 2nd century BCEMaybe Roman copyPergamene style - complex composition illustrating episode from Trojan War…Laocon told Trojans to beware Greeks bearing gifts (Trojan Horse)Gods retaliated….
23 Nike (Victory) of Samothrace Marble, 8’ high 180 BCE Hellenestic PeriodLocated in Louvre, ParisPergamene style, very theatricalHeavy wings balance forward thrust of bodyMasterpiece with draperies, motionCommemorates military victory at sea (landing on ship’s prow)Artist: n/aTitle: Nike (Victory) of SamothraceMedium: MarbleSize: height 8'1" (2.45 m)Date: c. 180 BCE (?)Source/Museum: Sanctuary of the Great Gods, Samothrace / Musée du Louvre, Paris
24 Aphrodite of Melos (Venus de Milo) Marble, 150-100 BCE, Hellenestic Artist unknownLocated at LouvreRenewed interest in styles of Praxiteles and Lysippos,heavier proportion of High Classical period but twisting perspective of Hellenestic periodDrapery falling off gives note of erotic tensionArtist: n/aTitle: Aphrodite of Melos (Also Called Venus de Milo)Medium: MarbleSize: height 6'8" (2.04 m)Date: c. 150–100 BCESource/Museum: Musée du Louvre, Paris