3Right: Nike from the Temple of Athena Nike (Victory) Below: 2 views of Temple of Athena Nike (Athenian acropolis),c BCENike/ use of drapery to define anatomy and movement of the figure
4Grave stele of Hegeso (Athens), c. 400 BCE, marble depictions of the deceasedrole of women in Greek societyhierarchical proportion
5Achilles Painter.Warrior taking leave of his wife (Ereteria), c. 440 BCE, white-ground lekythos
6Niobid Painter. Artemis and Apollo slaying the children of Niobe (Orvieto), c. 450 BCE, Attic red-figure calyx krater
7Examples of vases include red and black figure vases from an earlier period.
8Late ClassicalPraxiteles. Aphrodite of Knidos, Roman copy of an original of c BCE, marbleappearance of the female nudeshe alludes to modesty in her poseincreased focus on the individualhydria (3 handled water pitcher)
9In the early 20th century, artists were beginning to experiment with the way the figure was modeled. Do you see any similarity between the figures?Praxiteles, Aphrodite of Knidos, c. 2nd cent.BCEArchipenko, Woman Combing, Her Hair, 1915 ca. early 20th c.
10prototype of the Good Shepherd sinuous, shallow S curve Praxiteles’ Hermes and the infant Dionysos from the Temple of Hera (Olympia), copy from an original ofc. 340 BCE, marbleprototype of the Good Shepherdsinuous, shallow S curvetender human interactionsWhat does “prototype of the Good Shepherd” insinuate?
11Ron Mueck’s sculptures These are not the ideal figures you see in figurative Greek sculpture but rather a “hyper-realism” of the early 21st century.Wild Man - topBig Man - bottom
12a Roman copy from the 2nd century CE? Apollo Belvedere, Roman copy of a Greek statue of the mid-fourth century BCE, marblereaching into spacea Roman copy from the 2nd century CE?Why is the ability to sculpt a figure reaching into space so important?
13Left: Lysippos. Apoxyomenos (Scraper), Roman copy after a bronze original of c. 330 BCE, marble Below: Athlete with strigil (the scraper), amphora
14Grave stele of a young hunter (Ilissos River), c. 330 BCE, marbledeveloping emotional mood is evident
15Lysippos. Farnese Herakles (Weary Herakles), Roman copy of a bronze original of c. 320 BCEAlexander the Great’s favorite Sculptorattributes of Heraklesrejection of stability and balanceexpression of dejection
16Head of Alexander the Great (Pella), c BCE, marble