Classical Sculpture Key Ideas Contrapposto – Innovation in stance of sculpture Idealized form in a naturalistic, but general manner Classical canon of proportion developed by Polykleitos (head is 1/7 size of body) Late period (Praxiteles as most prominent sculptor) made head 1/8 of body
Kritios Boy, marble. Transition piece from Archaic to Classical Named after artist Introduction of contrapposto!!! Body turned slightly, while head turns slightly the other way, leading viewer’s eyes to move over statue
How is this different than the Archaic style? Point out as many differences as possible.
The Discus Thrower, Myron, marble copy of bronze original Movement capture mid- swing Frontal view Idealized heroic body Pose looks pleasing, but can’t throw that way! Expressionless face
Spear Bearer, Polykleitos, marble copy from bronze original Alternating tense/relaxed Closed composition Broad shoulders Canon of proportions He ignores your attention Warrior/athlete Spartan ideal
Nike Adjusting Her Sandal, marble From Temple of Athena Nike High relief (not in the round) Not nude, but suggestion of form under wet drapery
Aphrodite of Knidos, Praxiteles, marble copy Meant to be viewed voyeuristically S-curves of body Sensual nude, innovative for female nudity
Scraper, Lysippos, marble copy from bronze original Only sculptor known to be chosen by Alexander the Great to create his portrait Athlete scraping off oil and dirt after competition Arms extend into space lanky body Smaller head Torsion, twisting of knee Breaks from frontal viewing
Hellenistic Sculpture Key Ideas Focus shifts to the emotion of the individual Expressionism Use of negative space Intended to be viewed from all sides More movement, twisting forms
Gallic Chieftain Killing His Wife and Himself, marble copy after bronze original Enemy leader kills his wife, then himself Twisting Emotional Heroic Hair is disheveled Barbarians
Dying Gaul, marble copy of bronze original Trumpeter/soldier collapsing and near death Viewed from all around Blood oozes form wound Barbarian foe seen as heroic – heightens the victory Great emotion Realistic Twisting Compare to archaic dying warrior
Nike of Samothrace, marble. Once part of a fountain Wet drapery look Commemorates naval victory Dramatic twisting of torso contrapposto
Aphrodite of Melos (Venus de Milo), marble Reminiscent of classical, but turning form of Hellenistic Nude Erotic S- curves One hand held an apple (her symbol)
Laocoon, Rhodes Sculptors, marble Trojan priest who attempted to warn Troy about the horse – punished by the gods who supported the Greeks Emotional, high drama Twisting forms Mostly frontal, but can be viewed from any angle Curved forms make your eye wander Tremendous negative space
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