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Greek Sculpture Periods of Greek Sculpture: Archaic period (8th - early 5th century BC) Classical period (5th - 4th century BC) Hellenistic period (late.

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Presentation on theme: "Greek Sculpture Periods of Greek Sculpture: Archaic period (8th - early 5th century BC) Classical period (5th - 4th century BC) Hellenistic period (late."— Presentation transcript:

1 Greek Sculpture Periods of Greek Sculpture: Archaic period (8th - early 5th century BC) Classical period (5th - 4th century BC) Hellenistic period (late 4th - 1st century BC )

2 Greek Sculpture Periods of Greek Sculpture: Archaic period (8th - early 5th century BC) Classical period (5th - 4th century BC) Hellenistic period (late 4th - 1st century BC )

3 Greek Sculpture Archaic period (8th - 5th c BC): Kouros: male youth always nude similarities with Egyptian: block conscious cubic character slim

4 Greek Sculpture Archaic period (8th - 5th c BC): Kouros: Similarites with Egyptian: broad shoulders position of the arms clinched fists standing with left leg forward wig-like treatment of the hair

5 Greek Sculpture

6 Greek Sculpture

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8 Archaic period (8th - 5th c BC): Kore (maiden): always clothed rigid oversimplified awkward

9 Greek Sculpture Archaic period (8th - 5th c BC): Kore (maiden): less close to nature a solid, undifferentiated mass from which only the toes protruded

10 Greek Sculpture

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12 Periods of Greek Sculpture: Archaic period (8th - early 5th century BC) Classical period (5th - 4th century BC) Hellenistic period (late 4th - 1st century BC )

13 Greek Sculpture Classical period (5th - 4th c BC): sculpture and statues were put to wide uses: 1.friezes 2.pediments 3.funeral statues became personalized to families idealistic technical skill in depicting the human form in a variety of poses greatly increased poses became more natural statues began to depict real people

14 Greek Sculpture Delphic Charioteer ( ): one of the first bronzes in Greek art garment is simple reflecting the behavior of real cloth

15 Greek Sculpture Delphic Charioteer ( )

16 Greek Sculpture Kritios Boy: twists his body his head turns slightly his weight rests on one leg shift in stance tilts his hips and brings one shoulder forward and the other back expression is natural

17 Greek Sculpture Kritios Boy: calculated nonsymmetry: the knee of the forward leg is lower than the other the right hip is thrust down and inward the left hip up and outward

18 Greek Sculpture Kritios Boy: body axis is not a straight vertical line but a faint, reversed S-curve weight of the body rests mainly on the left leg the right leg is a prop to make sure that the body keeps its balance

19 Greek Sculpture

20 Contrapposto: when a figure stands: 1.one leg holding its full weight 2.the other leg is relaxed classic pose causes: 1.the figure’s hips and shoulders to rest at opposite angles 2.gives a slight s-curve to the entire torso

21 Greek Sculpture Zeus ca B.C.E.: sense of balanced movement force held in check, simple but powerful anatomy realistic only in spirit - lack of proportions vigorous, yet static in its perfect balance

22 Greek Sculpture Zeus ca B.C.E.

23 Greek Sculpture Riace Warriors: more advanced treatment of anatomy expression of the whole body - goes far beyond contemporaneous marbles

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26 Discobolos of Myron: “threshold of realism” primitive but respected for his honesty, vigor, and novel poses

27 Greek Sculpture Aphrodite Aphrodite by Praxiteles: pupil of Phidias first to portray the nude female body synonym for absolute perfection

28 Greek Sculpture Periods of Greek Sculpture: Archaic period (8th - early 5th century BC) Classical period (5th - 4th century BC) Hellenistic period (late 4th - 1st century BC )

29 Greek Sculpture Hellenistic period (late 4th - 1st century BC): Lost some of its balance and simplicity Reflects more clearly the emotions of the individual artists Contains more realism Less of an expression of civic pride

30 Greek Sculpture

31 Laocoon Group: animated realism melodrama: 1.very active 2.muscles flex to the breaking point 3.figures twist uncontrollably 4.faces distorted in terror

32 Greek Sculpture The Dying Gaul: realism: 1.chest wound bleeds heavily 2.slowly loses strength 3.right arm is failing 4.cannot move his legs

33 Greek Sculpture The Dying Gaul: death has become a concrete physical process human being who seeks sympathy

34 Greek Sculpture Winged Victory of Samothrace: 8 feet tall prow of a trireme greatest masterpiece of Hellenistic sculpture study of motion- 1.wind against fabric 2.seaspray wets the fabric

35 Greek Sculpture Phidias: Greatest of all classical period sculptors Idealized representations of gods and mythological creatures Qualities: Proportion, patriotism, dignity Works: 1.Athena in Parthenon 2.Zeus in Temple of Olympian Zeus 3.Parthenon reliefs

36 Greek Sculpture Discobolos of Myron: “threshold of realism” primitive but respected for his honesty, vigor, and novel poses

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