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Analyze the United States rejection of internationalism, including postwar disillusionment, the Senate’s refusal to ratify the Versailles Treaty, the.

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Presentation on theme: "Analyze the United States rejection of internationalism, including postwar disillusionment, the Senate’s refusal to ratify the Versailles Treaty, the."— Presentation transcript:

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2 Analyze the United States rejection of internationalism, including postwar disillusionment, the Senate’s refusal to ratify the Versailles Treaty, the election of 1920, and the role of the United States in international affairs in the 1920s.

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4 PRINCIPLES: 1.Freedom of the Seas 2.Reduction of Arms 3.Open Treaty Negotiations 4.Self Determination of Peoples 5.League of Nations

5 USS George Washington

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7 More Info

8 “The Conference was an affair of three sides – the victors, the vanquished, and Wilson.” -- Richard Hofstadter “The Conference was an affair of three sides – the victors, the vanquished, and Wilson.” -- Richard Hofstadter

9 David Lloyd George (British Prime Minister) “I was seated between Jesus Christ and Napoleon.”

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11 Britain and France wanted Germany to claim responsibility for the war and pay reparations to the allies. The “War Guilt” Clause

12 PRINCIPLES: 1.Freedom of the Seas 2.Reduction of Arms 3.Open Treaty Negotiations 4.Self Determination of Peoples 5.League of Nations

13 can the two ideas be reconciled???

14 JUST USE BOTH!

15 LINK TO MAPS

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19 Proclamation of the German Empire 18 January 1871

20 June 28, 1919 Five years to the day of the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand Look Familiar???

21 Now, for the hard part… USS George Washington

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23 “[The President] shall have Power, by and with the Advice and Consent of the Senate, to make Treaties, provided two thirds of the Senators present concur....” -- Article II, Section 2

24 The Senate vote necessary to ratify a treaty

25 The number of senators included in Wilson’s peace delegation to Europe.

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27 Republican Majority

28 An Entanglin g Alliance? ??

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31 Internationalists Ratify the Treaty AS IS Reservationists Ratify the Treaty with Reservations Irreconcilables DON’T RATIFY the Treaty

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33 “What is the result of all this? We are in the midst of all the affairs of Europe… We have joined in alliance with all the European nations… we have forfeited… the great policy of 'no entangling alliances' upon which the strength of this Republic has been founded.” Sen. William Borah (R-ID)

34 Reservationists (Imperialist Wing) America should engage the world on its own terms. Irreconcilables (Isolationist Wing) America should avoid all foreign entanglements.

35 Sen. Henry Cabot Lodge (R-MA) View

36 Compromise with Reservationists or stand his ground?

37 Reservations OK!

38 “The Senate must take its medicine.” -- Woodrow Wilson

39 President Wilson waves to a crowd in Saint Louis, Missouri, on September 6, 1919, during a speaking tour to promote the League of Nations.

40 Political Calculation Image Source: NPS.govNPS.gov

41 Wilson suffered a stroke brought on by the stress of his campaign for the League. He was an invalid for the remainder of his term. (The public had no clue.) Woodrow Wilson's first posed photograph after his stroke. He was paralyzed on his left side, so his wife Edith holds a document steady while he signs. June 1920.

42 Internationalists Ratify the Treaty AS IS Reservationists Ratify the Treaty with Reservations Irreconcilables DON’T RATIFY the Treaty

43 Answer: Dead

44 1920 BIGGER Republican Majority

45 The United States never joined the League. Wilson’s mission to intimately involve the U.S. in global affairs was a failure Map Credit: Maps & LucyMaps & Lucy

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