We think you have liked this presentation. If you wish to download it, please recommend it to your friends in any social system. Share buttons are a little bit lower. Thank you!
Presentation is loading. Please wait.
Published byBelen Oare
Modified about 1 year ago
Types of Societies Guns, Germs, and Steel—The Fates of Human Societies by Jared Diamond
Types of Societies
Society = a group of people living together in a particular place or at a particular time and having many things in common
Band Tribe Chiefdom State Different types of societies
Element = a point of comparison which is contained in the different types of societies Membership Government Economy Society
Types of Societies BandTribe ChiefdomState Membership Number of People dozenshundreds thousandsover 50,000
Types of Societies BandTribe ChiefdomState Membership Settlement Pattern nomadicfixed: 1 village fixed: 1 or more villages fixed: many villages and cities
Types of Societies BandTribe ChiefdomState Membership Basis of Relationship kinkin-based clans class and residence
Types of Societies BandTribe ChiefdomState Membership Ethnicities and Languages 11 11 or more
Types of Societies BandTribe ChiefdomState Government Decision Making (Leadership) “egalitarian”“egalitarian” or big-man centralized, hereditary centralized
Types of Societies BandTribe ChiefdomState Government Bureaucracynone none, or 1 or 2 levels many levels
Types of Societies BandTribe ChiefdomState Government Monopoly of Force and Information no yes
Types of Societies BandTribe ChiefdomState Government Conflict Resolution informal centralizedlaws, judges
Types of Societies BandTribe ChiefdomState Government Hierarchy of Settlement no no >> paramount village capital
Types of Societies BandTribe ChiefdomState Economy Food Production nono >>> yes yes >>> intensive intensive
Types of Societies BandTribe ChiefdomState Economy Division of Labor no no >>> yesyes
Types of Societies BandTribe ChiefdomState Economy Exchangesreciprocal (given by both sides) redistributive (“tribute”) redistributive (“taxes”)
Types of Societies BandTribe ChiefdomState Economy Control of Land bandclan chiefvarious
Types of Societies BandTribe ChiefdomState Society Stratifiedno yes, by kinyes, not by kin
Types of Societies BandTribe ChiefdomState Society Slaveryno small-scalelarge-scale
Types of Societies BandTribe ChiefdomState Society Luxury Goods for Elite no yes
Types of Societies BandTribe ChiefdomState Society Public Architecture no no >>> yesyes
Types of Societies BandTribe ChiefdomState Society Indigenous Literacy no often
Types of Societies BandTribe ChiefdomState
Types of Societies BandTribe ChiefdomState
Types of Societies
Part 7 The Search For Order The Challenge of Disorder.
ANT 214: Political organisations Tribes & chiefdoms.
Politics, Power, and Violence Part I. Politics, Power and Violence: Every society must have means by which conflicts can be resolved and breakdown of.
Chapter 12 Politics, Power, and Violence. Politics = Power Types of power –Persuasion –Negotiation –Obligation –Coercion.
Political Organization. Social differentiation Individuals may have different access to resources, power, and prestige Individuals may have different.
BandsTribes Ethnically homogeneous EgalitarianEgalitarian (some gender disparity)No central authority Acephalous Village headman Reciprocal exchange (generalized)Reciprocal.
Political Organization. Four Types of Political Structures Band societies Tribal societies Chiefdoms State societies.
Chapter 12 Political Organization. Chapter Questions What roles do politics, law and religion play in regulating human behavior? What are the major forms.
The Origin of Civilization and the State SOC 370: Social Change Dr. Kimberly Martin.
HISTORY OF INEQUALITY The Origins of Political Order.
Native Culture Outline Lecture II. Social Organization Family vs. Kin –Family: relation by Blood (consanguineous) Marriage (affinal or conjugal) Fiat.
Political Anthropology The Organization of Power.
Kinship and Society. “Non-Kin” Organizing Principles Age Sets Special Interest Groups Ethnicity.
Geography For Life The National Geography Standards.
What does multiple mean?. X2 TABLE: 2, 4, 6, 8, 10, 12, 14, 16, 18, , , … What pattern do you notice?
Women and Work. Aspects of Making a Living Managing resources Managing Labor Production Distribution.
Politics, Power, and Violence Lolita Nikolova Reference: (Haviland et al. 2005) See also the tutorials at
Political and Legal Systems. Politics, Political Organization and Leadership Anthropology views politics in a broader sense that includes- the multifaceted.
Chapter 11 Political Organization. Chapter Outline Social Differentiation Power and Social Control Types of Political Organization.
World History Chapter 1 III. Foundations of Civilization.
Chapter 7: Authority & Power Objectives: o Define political anthropology o Define authority and power and distinguish between coercive, persuasive, and.
FOOD & SOCIETY Pre - state societies. food and society The relationship between society and food both shapes and is contingent on the TYPE of society.
Economics. Economics Economic system – part of society that deals with production, distribution, and consumption of goods and services Tools used.
Geography - the presence of geographic boundaries and political institutions Team Members:
Social Order and Disorder. What is the purpose of government? Turn to a person sitting near you and discuss. Why do we need a government in this country?
Why were the Spanish able to conquer Central and South America?
Do Now: Was farming the greatest achievement or worst mistake in human history?
Chapter 9. Cities Full-time craft specialists Architecture Differences in wealth and status Strong centralized govt. Inscriptions/Writings.
INT 200: Global Capitalism and its Discontents From the Neolithic Revolution to the Ancient Near East.
Chapter 23 Politics, Power, and Violence. Kinds Of Political Systems Uncentralized systems –Bands –Tribes Centralized systems –Chiefdoms –States.
What is culture? A system of beliefs, values and assumptions about life that guide behavior and are shared by a group of people. Video Where you live Shapes.
Groups … All About Groups Unit 4. But First: Society … Because they are GROUPS of people A group of people who share a defined territory and culture.
Describe and distinguish between the major types of political organization. Know the general characteristics of leaders in different political systems.
PREHISTORIC HUMANS & THE RISE OF CIVILIZATION. HUMAN EVOLUTION EVOLUTION: species change into new species through adaption, natural selection, and competition.
Agricultural Societies Chapter 14 From Egalitarianism to Kleptocracy The evolution of Government and Religion Text extracted from Guns Germs and Steel.
Materialist vs Ideologist Theories SOC 370: Social Change Dr. Kimberly Martin.
Transition from Paleolithic to Neolithic to “Civilization”
AP World History The Americas on the Eve of Invasion.
Ancient Civilizations of the Americas Lecture 3 Anthropological Concepts.
Economics What? How? Who?. Economic System: A particular set of social institutions which deals with the production, distribution and consumption.
Economies of the World. What is economics The production, distribution, and consumption of goods and services Deals with how people make and spend money.
Chapter 12 The Organization of Political Life. Chapter Outline Forms of Political Organizations Social Control and Law Legal Systems.
Social Stratification Chapter 7. Social Stratification: …is the structured inequality of access to rewards, resources, and privileges that are scarce.
Social Change ORIGINS OF CIVILIZATION AND STATES FOUR STAGES -- Bands, Tribes, Chiefdoms, States.
Chapter 12 Political Organization and Social Control.
State building expansion and conflict How political structures developed, administered and interacted within and amongst other societies.
Politics, Power, and Violence Part II. Centralized Political Systems: As a society’s social life becomes more complex; as population rises, technology.
Chapter 1 review 5 Themes of AP World History. 1. Interaction between humans and the environment Demography and disease Migration Patterns of settlement.
Political Organization and the Maintenance of Order.
© 2017 SlidePlayer.com Inc. All rights reserved.