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Types of Societies Guns, Germs, and Steel—The Fates of Human Societies by Jared Diamond.

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Presentation on theme: "Types of Societies Guns, Germs, and Steel—The Fates of Human Societies by Jared Diamond."— Presentation transcript:

1 Types of Societies Guns, Germs, and Steel—The Fates of Human Societies by Jared Diamond

2 Types of Societies

3 Society = a group of people living together in a particular place or at a particular time and having many things in common

4 Band Tribe Chiefdom State Different types of societies

5 Element = a point of comparison which is contained in the different types of societies Membership Government Economy Society

6 Types of Societies BandTribe ChiefdomState Membership Number of People dozenshundreds thousandsover 50,000

7 Types of Societies BandTribe ChiefdomState Membership Settlement Pattern nomadicfixed: 1 village fixed: 1 or more villages fixed: many villages and cities

8 Types of Societies BandTribe ChiefdomState Membership Basis of Relationship kinkin-based clans class and residence

9 Types of Societies BandTribe ChiefdomState Membership Ethnicities and Languages or more

10 Types of Societies BandTribe ChiefdomState Government Decision Making (Leadership) “egalitarian”“egalitarian” or big-man centralized, hereditary centralized

11 Types of Societies BandTribe ChiefdomState Government Bureaucracynone none, or 1 or 2 levels many levels

12 Types of Societies BandTribe ChiefdomState Government Monopoly of Force and Information no yes

13 Types of Societies BandTribe ChiefdomState Government Conflict Resolution informal centralizedlaws, judges

14 Types of Societies BandTribe ChiefdomState Government Hierarchy of Settlement no no >> paramount village capital

15 Types of Societies BandTribe ChiefdomState Economy Food Production nono >>> yes yes >>> intensive intensive

16 Types of Societies BandTribe ChiefdomState Economy Division of Labor no no >>> yesyes

17 Types of Societies BandTribe ChiefdomState Economy Exchangesreciprocal (given by both sides) redistributive (“tribute”) redistributive (“taxes”)

18 Types of Societies BandTribe ChiefdomState Economy Control of Land bandclan chiefvarious

19 Types of Societies BandTribe ChiefdomState Society Stratifiedno yes, by kinyes, not by kin

20 Types of Societies BandTribe ChiefdomState Society Slaveryno small-scalelarge-scale

21 Types of Societies BandTribe ChiefdomState Society Luxury Goods for Elite no yes

22 Types of Societies BandTribe ChiefdomState Society Public Architecture no no >>> yesyes

23 Types of Societies BandTribe ChiefdomState Society Indigenous Literacy no often

24 Types of Societies BandTribe ChiefdomState

25 Types of Societies BandTribe ChiefdomState

26 Types of Societies

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