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Types of Societies Guns, Germs, and Steel—The Fates of Human Societies by Jared Diamond
Types of Societies
Society = a group of people living together in a particular place or at a particular time and having many things in common
Band Tribe Chiefdom State Different types of societies
Element = a point of comparison which is contained in the different types of societies Membership Government Economy Society
Types of Societies BandTribe ChiefdomState Membership Number of People dozenshundreds thousandsover 50,000
Types of Societies BandTribe ChiefdomState Membership Settlement Pattern nomadicfixed: 1 village fixed: 1 or more villages fixed: many villages and cities
Types of Societies BandTribe ChiefdomState Membership Basis of Relationship kinkin-based clans class and residence
Types of Societies BandTribe ChiefdomState Membership Ethnicities and Languages or more
Types of Societies BandTribe ChiefdomState Government Decision Making (Leadership) “egalitarian”“egalitarian” or big-man centralized, hereditary centralized
Types of Societies BandTribe ChiefdomState Government Bureaucracynone none, or 1 or 2 levels many levels
Types of Societies BandTribe ChiefdomState Government Monopoly of Force and Information no yes
Types of Societies BandTribe ChiefdomState Government Conflict Resolution informal centralizedlaws, judges
Types of Societies BandTribe ChiefdomState Government Hierarchy of Settlement no no >> paramount village capital
Types of Societies BandTribe ChiefdomState Economy Food Production nono >>> yes yes >>> intensive intensive
Types of Societies BandTribe ChiefdomState Economy Division of Labor no no >>> yesyes
Types of Societies BandTribe ChiefdomState Economy Exchangesreciprocal (given by both sides) redistributive (“tribute”) redistributive (“taxes”)
Types of Societies BandTribe ChiefdomState Economy Control of Land bandclan chiefvarious
Types of Societies BandTribe ChiefdomState Society Stratifiedno yes, by kinyes, not by kin
Types of Societies BandTribe ChiefdomState Society Slaveryno small-scalelarge-scale
Types of Societies BandTribe ChiefdomState Society Luxury Goods for Elite no yes
Types of Societies BandTribe ChiefdomState Society Public Architecture no no >>> yesyes
Types of Societies BandTribe ChiefdomState Society Indigenous Literacy no often
Types of Societies BandTribe ChiefdomState
Types of Societies BandTribe ChiefdomState
Types of Societies
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