3 Powers and Duties of the President Chief Executive Officer of the United States
4 -Head of the Executive Branch Chief Executive-Head of the Executive Branch-Bureaucracy (all the people who work for the government)Needs people to help him rule-Duties-Carry Out the LawsMakes people follow Congress’ laws-Issue Executive Orders--Term for orders given by the President in order to carry out his duties as Chief Executive—the orders have the same force as law-Appoint Government OfficialsCabinet, judges, ambassadorsAs the Chief Executive, it is the President’s responsibility to make sure that all people in America are following Congress’ laws. Doing this, though, requires a lot of work and a lot of people. Therefore, MILLIONS of people work in the Executive Branch as part of the Federal Bureaucracy.
5 The Order of Presidential Succession The Vice PresidentThe Speaker of the HouseThe President pro tempore of the SenateMembers of the president’s cabinet in the order in which their departments were created
6 Powers and Duties of the President - Appointments Appoints Cabinet Officers, Ambassadors, Supreme Court Justices and Federal JudgesMust be confirmed by Senate
7 Powers and Duties of the President Administers the Federal Bureaucracy2.65 million+ employees
8 Powers and Duties of the President The State of the Union Address
9 Madam Speaker, Vice President Cheney, members of Congress, distinguished guests, and fellow citizens:The rite of custom brings us together at a defining hour -- when decisions are hard and courage is needed. We enter the year 2007 with large endeavors underway, and others that are ours to begin. In all of this, much is asked of us. We must have the will to face difficult challenges and determined enemies -- and the wisdom to face them together.Some in this chamber are new to the House and the Senate -- and I congratulate the Democrat majority. Congress has changed, but not our responsibilities. Each of us is guided by our own convictions -- and to these we must stay faithful. Yet we're all held to the same standards, and called to serve the same good purposes: To extend this nation's prosperity; to spend the people's money wisely; to solve problems, not leave them to future generations; to guard America against all evil; and to keep faith with those we have sent forth to defend us…Our job is to make life better for our fellow Americans, and to help them to build a future of hope and opportunity -- and this is the business before us tonight.
10 This is a decent and honorable country -- and resilient, too This is a decent and honorable country -- and resilient, too. We've been through a lot together. We've met challenges and faced dangers, and we know that more lie ahead. Yet we can go forward with confidence -- because the State of our Union is strong, our cause in the world is right, and tonight that cause goes on. God bless. See you next year. Thank you for your prayers.
12 “Delegated” Powers in the Constitution Section 2.Clause 1: The President shall be Commander in Chief of the Army and Navy of the United States, and of the Militia of the several States, when called into the actual Service of the United States; he may require the Opinion, in writing, of the principal Officer in each of the executive Departments, upon any Subject relating to the Duties of their respective Offices, and he shall have Power to grant Reprieves and Pardons for Offences against the United States, except inCases of Impeachment. Clause 2: He shall have Power, by and with the Advice and Consent of the Senate, to make Treaties, provided two thirds of the Senators present concur; and he shall nominate, and by and with the Advice and Consent of the Senate, shall appoint Ambassadors, other public Ministers and Consuls, Judges of the supreme Court, and all other Officers of the United States, whose Appointments are not herein otherwise provided for, and which shall be established by Law: but the Congress may by Law vest the Appointment of such inferior Officers, as they think proper, in the President alone, in the Courts of Law, or in the Heads of Departments. Clause 3: The President shall have Power to fill up all Vacancies that may happen during the Recess of the Senate, by granting Commissions which shall expire at the End of their next Session.
13 Commander and ChiefCommands all of the armed forces
14 -Leader of the Armed Forces Commander in Chief-Leader of the Armed ForcesUsed to back up the nation’s foreign policy goals-Duties-Command Our TroopsOnly President can order troops into battleWar Powers Resolution: President must notify Congress within 48 hours of battleTroops sent home in 60 days without Congressional approval-Picks Military LeadersAlthough the President is Commander-in-Chief of the Armed Forces, making him the highest-ranking officer of the U.S. Military, he must share his military powers with Congress.
15 Chief Legislator Proposer of the legislative agenda Recommends laws to CongressApproves or Vetoes bills
16 Powers and Duties of the President Approves and Vetoes Legislation
17 -Economic leader in legislative role Legislative Leader-Tries to get laws passed that benefit the nation as well as his Party – outlined in platform/State of the Union Address-Economic leader in legislative roleDescribes what programs he wants nation’s money spent on-Uses Presidential Influence--State of the Union Speech-- Speech given by the President each year to describe the situation of the nation and the speech is required by the Constitution-Uses the mediaAs the Legislative Leader, the President’s main goal is to get the laws that he and his political party want passed through Congress. The President also tries to influence the budget to get money for his programs and laws. He outlines these goals every year for Congress during his “State-of-the-Union” address.
18 Chief Financial Planner Head of the Executive Branch of U.S. GovernmentPrepares the BudgetRecommends laws to help the community
19 Powers and Duties of the President - Budget Prepares annual budget for Congressional approval
20 Ceremonial head of the U.S. Government Chief of StateCeremonial head of the U.S. Governmentfrom thePresident
21 -Is the symbolic leader of the nation Chief of State-Is the symbolic leader of the nation-Meets foreign leaders-Make patriotic speeches and visits4th of JulyChristmas-mostly symbolic gesturesThe President made telephone calls to members of the Armed Forces who are stationed overseas, or who have recently returned from overseas locations, to wish them a Merry Christmas, and to thank them for their service to our Nation.
22 Powers and Duties of the President Chief Diplomat Treaty - a formal agreement between two or more states in reference to peace, alliance, commerce, or other international relations.Negotiates TreatiesOctober 26, 1994 Peace Treaty Signing: Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin, President Bill Clinton, King Hussein of Jordan
23 -Deals with Foreign Governments Chief DiplomatPresident George W. Bush shows President Ellen Johnson Sirleaf of the Republic of Liberia the view of the White House South Lawn and the monuments beyond, following their meeting in the Oval Office. President Sirleaf is Africa’s first elected female head of state.-Deals with Foreign Governments-Duties-Appoints Ambassadors w/Senate ApprovalPeople who represent the U.S. in foreign nations-Make Treaties w/Senate ApprovalFormal agreements with other nations-Act as Mediator between NationsSolves problems between nations
24 Judicial PowersAppoints federal JudgesGrants reprieves/Pardons
25 Chief of Party leader of a political party helps the party raise money Campaigns for party members
26 Platform, State-of-the-Union -uses patronage system Party Leader-Is the Visible leader of his political party and Pursues policies favorable to his party goalsPlatform, State-of-the-Union-uses patronage systemthe patronage system gives out gov’t positions to those people who gave support to the candidate and share their ideas-gives endorsements in campaigns-- Process where famous or influential people give their support to someone who is seeking officePresident endorses other members of his political partyAs the Party Leader, the President can use his political power and political fame to endorse other candidates from his political party. Here, President Bush endorses Elizabeth Dole for Republican Senator from North Carolina.
27 Chief CitizenRepresentative of the American People
28 End of Course QuestionWhat is the President’s role when they help someone campaign for a Senate seat?a. Chief Executiveb. Legislative Leaderc. Head of Stated. Party Leader
29 End of Course QuestionIn what role is the President termed the “living symbol” of the nation?a. Chief of Stateb. Chief Executivec. Chief Diplomatd. Commander in Chief
30 End of Course QuestionA cabinet department head is appointed by the President but must beconfirmed by which of the following?a. House of Representativesb. Senatec. House and the Senated. Executive Office of the President (EOP)
31 EOC QuestionWhich of the following cabinet departments was formed during President George W. Bush’s presidency, after the events of September 11, 2001?a. Department of Interiorb. Department of Veterans Affairsc. Department of Educationd. Department of Homeland Security
32 EOC QuestionAlthough the cabinet is not mentioned in the United States Constitution, it has become an important part of the Executive Office of the President (EOP) through which of the following that was established by George Washington?a. a lawb. an amendmentc. a customd. a demand
33 End of Course QuestionHow does a President fulfill the role of economic leader?a. by planning the federal budgetb. by meeting with foreign leadersc. by negotiating treatiesd. by leading the armed forces
34 End of Course QuestionWhich of the following powers does the United States Constitution give thePresident?a. declaring warb. appointing judgesc. declaring laws unconstitutionald. suspending Congress
35 End of Course QuestionWhich of the following best describes a President’s order to attack terroristbases?a. military force used as a foreign policy toolb. embargo against terroristsc. executive agreementd. presidential power to grant amnesty
36 End of Course QuestionWhy has the role of Party Leader evolved throughout the years as a significant role of the President?a. as party leader the president can affect public opinion on his accomplishmentsb. as party leader he helps maintain his parties powerc. as party leader he controls who gets elected from his partyd. as party leader he has control over legislation
37 End of Course QuestionThe United States Constitution gives the Vice President which of the following powers?a. control the President’s choices over the cabinetb. advice the House of Representatives on legislationc. be the Presidents chief of staffd. lead the Senate but only vote when there is a tie
38 End of Course QuestionThe U.S. President must work with the Senate in order to ensure which of the following?a. taxes are paid and the federal budget is completedb. the Vice President and Cabinet members accomplish their goalsc. treaties he creates with other nations are approvedd. the armed forces complete their assignments and secure the nation
39 End of Course QuestionThe roles of the Presidency of the United States are not all listed in the Constitution of the United States. Which role of the President is not namedunder Article II?a. Party Leaderb. Commander in Chiefc. Legislative Leaderd. Chief Executive