Presentation on theme: "The President’s Job/Making Foreign Policy"— Presentation transcript:
1The President’s Job/Making Foreign Policy The Executive BranchThe President’s Job/Making Foreign PolicySection 2&3I can explain the roles of the president.I can explain the presidents role in conducting the nation’s foreign policy
2Constitutional Powers Duties of the President The Presidents JobConstitutional PowersThe source for the president’s authority is Article II of the Constitution.Duties of the PresidentAlthough the president is the headof just one of the three branchesof government, he or she, with theexception of the vice president, isthe only official of the federalgovernment elected by the entirenation. As a result, the presidentstands as a symbol not only of thefederal government, but of theentire nation.The Constitution is the basis of thepresident’s power. Therefore,his/her main job is to carry outlaws.Roles of the PresidentThe president fills many roles that are important to the functioning of the United States government.
3Use of Executive Orders The Presidents JobChief ExecutiveThe most important job of the president is to carry out the nation’s laws. To do this, the president is in charge of 15 cabinet departments, and approximately 3 million civilians who work for the federal government.Use of Executive OrdersPresidents have several tools to influence how laws are carried out. One is the executive order, which is a rule or command that has the force of lawPower of AppointmentThe Constitution gives the president the power to appoint judges to the Supreme Court and other federal courts.- Also it gives the power to grant pardons, a declaration of forgiveness freedom from punishment.
4The Presidents JobThe president may also issue a reprieve, an order to delay a person’s punishment until a higher court can hear the case, or grant amnesty, a pardon toward a group of people.Chief DiplomatThe president directs the foreign policy, or strategy, of the United States, making key decisions about how the US acts toward other countries in the world.Commander in ChiefThe Constitution makes the president commander in chief of the armed forces of the United States.
5The Presidents Job Legislative Leader Only members of Congress have the power to introduce bills for consideration. Congress expects the executive branch to propose the legislation it would like to see enacted.Head of StateThe president is the living symbol of the nation. The president aids diplomacy by greeting visiting kings and queens, prime ministers, and other leaders.Economic LeaderEvery president tries to help the country’s economy prosper. (unemployment, rising prices, and high taxes)Party Leader-The president is generally regarded as the leader of his or her political party.
6The President and Foreign Policy Foreign-Policy Bureaucracy Making Foreign PolicyThe President and Foreign PolicyAs commander in chief and chief diplomat, the president leads the nation’s armed forces and directs U.S. foreign policy.A nation’s plan for dealing with other nations is called its foreign policy. The president directs the foreign policy of the US, making the key decisions .The primary goal of American foreign policy is national security, the ability to keep the country safe from attack and/or harm.Foreign-Policy BureaucracyThe president, along with White House assistants, works with a large foreign-policy bureaucracy in the executive branch.
7Congress v. the President Tools of Foreign Policy Making Foreign Policy-This bureaucracy includes the State Department, the Defense Department, the Central Intelligence Agency, and the National Security Council.Congress v. the PresidentThe president is chief diplomat and commander in chief, but Congress has the power to declare war, Also they can prohibit certain military actions, and to spend—or withhold—money for defense.Tools of Foreign PolicyTreaties and Executive AgreementsTreaties- Formal agreements between the governments of two or more countries . The Senate must approve a treaty by a two-thirds vote. The president can bypass the Senate with an executive agreement.
8Appointing Ambassadors Making Foreign PolicyAppointing AmbassadorsAmbassador-official representative of a country.-The president appoints 150 ambassadors, but it must be approved by the Senate.-Foreign Aid-money, food, military assistance given to help other countiesInternational Trade-Trade Sanctions- efforts to punish another nation by imposing trade barriers-Another punishing tool is the embargo, which is an agreement among a group of nations that prohibits them from trading with a target nation.