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Chapter Six The Federal Government The Executive Branch ~~~~~ Powers and Roles of the President.

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Presentation on theme: "Chapter Six The Federal Government The Executive Branch ~~~~~ Powers and Roles of the President."— Presentation transcript:

1 Chapter Six The Federal Government The Executive Branch ~~~~~ Powers and Roles of the President

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3 Roles of the President the President plays many roles as leader of the U.S. Chief Executive the president is head of the executive branch Article II, Section 1 of the Constitution provides that "the executive power shall be vested in a President of the United States of America." responsible for executing the laws passed by Congress and enforcing decisions of the federal courts chooses officials and advisers to help run the Executive Branch holds Cabinet meetings to discuss government business participates in all phases of government writes the yearly federal budget issues executive orders chief executivechief legislator commander in chiefchief diplomat chief of stateparty chief chief jurist

4 Chief Legislator president recommends, or suggests, needed laws to Congress signs bills into laws or uses his veto power delivers messages to Congress speeches before Congress or sent in writing Constitution requires that the president "shall from time to time give to the Congress information of [about] the state of the Union, and recommend to their [Congress's] consideration such measures as he shall judge necessary.“ State of the Union Address every year, usually in late January televised speech to a joint session of Congress sets forth the programs and policies that the president wants Congress to put into effect as laws usually addresses the country's most pressing concerns economic message recommends how the federal government should raise and spend its money reviews the country's economic condition recommends various laws and programs to help the economy Roles of the President

5 Commander in Chief head of the U.S. armed forces all military officers ultimately answer to the president in a time of war or in peacetime does not actually lead U.S. forces into battle in constant contact with U.S. military leaders has the final say in planning how a war is to be fought only one who can authorize use of nuclear weapons may send U.S. forces into any part of the world where danger threatens War Powers Act – 1973 limits the president's military power resulted from Vietnam War requires that the president recall troops sent abroad within 60 days, unless Congress approves the action may be extended to 90 days if needed to ensure safe removal of U.S. troops Roles of the President

6 Chief Diplomat in charge of conducting U.S. foreign policy government's plan for interacting with the other countries of the world seeks to secure friendly relations with foreign governments must preserve national security appoints officials to represent the U.S. government in foreign countries secretary of state, ambassadors, consuls, ministers meets with leaders and representatives of other countries meetings held both in the U.S. and in the officials' home nations visits foreign countries to build international friendship and security and promote U.S. interests corresponds with the leaders of foreign governments diplomatic notes - written communications among diplomats access to a computerized communications system direct connection with other governments in an emergency makes treaties - written agreements with other countries must be made with the advice and consent of the Senate Senate must approve a treaty by a two-thirds vote the president must see that the treaty is carried out Roles of the President

7 Checking the Judicial Branch Judicial Powers – Chief Jurist appoints Supreme Court justices and all federal judges must be approved by a majority vote of the Senate grant reprieves to those who have committed certain federal crimes postpones the carrying out of a person's sentence grant pardons to those who have committed certain federal crimes forgives a person convicted of a crime and frees them from serving out the sentence grant commutations to those who have committed certain federal crimes making a convicted person's sentence less severe

8 Chief of State symbol of the United States and its people greets visiting foreign heads of state travels to other countries to strengthen ties and improve relations performs many ceremonial duties awarding medals to honor worthy citizens pardoning a Thanksgiving turkey lighting the nation's Christmas tree calling Super Bowl winners throwing out the first baseball to open the baseball season Party Chief leader of his political party makes speeches in favor of other party members who are running for public office helps the party raise money for its political campaigns, candidates, and programs Roles of the President


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