# - Get lab manual and look at first experiment before your first lab. Labs start week of Jan. 25; room Olin 105 -Homework 1.1 due this Thursday, in class.

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- Get lab manual and look at first experiment before your first lab. Labs start week of Jan. 25; room Olin 105 -Homework 1.1 due this Thursday, in class -Bring i-clicker to class -You are allowed 30 missed points in the i-clicker total score (~ 160 points) Announcements: Homework TAs: –Jillian Bjerke(room 311) –Colby Meador –Calli Nguyen Lab TAs: Samrat Dutta, Ashley Carlton, Maggie Baldwin, Calli Nguyen, Jack Own, Zach Vance (contact TAs if you have questions about lab or homework grading first)

PHY110 TUTOR SESSIONS Tutor: Jillian Bjerke & Maggie Baldwin Session 1: Mo, 4-6 pm (Jill) Session 2: We, 4-6 pm(Jill) Session 3: Th, 5-7 pm (Maggie) All tutorial session will be in Olin 101 (class room). The tutor sessions in semesters past were very successful and received high marks from many students. All students are encouraged to take advantage of this opportunity. There are also private tutors available, contact Judy Swicegood in the Physics office (Olin 100)

Chapter 1: The laws of motion, Part I First two chapters: Introduce the “language of physics” Subsequent chapters: Explore objects and underlying physical concepts - Reading assignment for today: Chapter 1.2 - Homework 1.2 (Meador Colby): - due Thursday, Jan. 28 in class: Exercises: 14, 15, 18, 19 Problem: 3, 4, 5, 6, 7

Chapter 1.2 Falling balls: Falling balls Two falling balls Throwing balls Shooting a falling apple (target) Gravity Weight Everything falls at the same rate Symmetry of up and down motion Vector components Demos and Objects Concepts

i-clicker question-1: Suppose that I throw a ball upward into the air*. After the ball leaves my hand, A.there is a force pushing the ball upward. B.there is a force pushing the ball downward. C.there is no force acting on the ball. D.it moves at constant velocity. * We are ignoring friction, drag, buoyant force

Observations About Falling Balls A dropped ball: –Begins a rest, but soon acquires downward speed –Covers more and more distance each second A tossed ball: –Rises to a certain height –Comes briefly to a stop –Begins to descend, much like a dropped ball  There is a _________ force acting on the ball!

You are throwing a ball straight up in the air. At the highest point, the ball’s A.velocity and acceleration are zero. B.velocity is nonzero but its acceleration is zero. C.acceleration is nonzero, but its velocity is zero. D.velocity and acceleration are both nonzero. i-clicker question-2:

Brief Aside: Gravity and Newton’s Law of Universal Gravitation Every particle in the Universe attracts every other particle with a force of: G… Gravitational constant G = 6.673·10 -11 N·m 2 /kg 2 m 1, m 2 …masses of particles 1 and 2 r… distance separating these particles On earths surface:  Gravity creates a downward force on any object.  Object attracted directly to towards the center of the earth.  Gravitational force is equal to the objects weight. Weight = F = m·g

Mass, weight and gravity from a physicists point of view The mass of an object, m, does not change. It is measured in kilogram. The weight of an object is given by W = m·g, g: acceleration due to gravity m: mass of the object Weight is a force! Gravity: attractive force between two objects. (mainly between the earth and objects on earth) On earth: g = 9.8 m/s 2 On the moon: g = 1.6 m/s 2

A Falling Ball Falling ball accelerates steadily downward –Its acceleration is constant and downward –Its velocity increases in the downward direction Falling from rest (stationary): –Velocity starts at zero and increases downward –Altitude decreases at an ever faster rate

How can we quantitatively describe motion? Position: x = x 0 + v 0 t + 1/2 a t 2 Velocity = starting velocity + acceleration x time v = v 0 + a t Motion with constant acceleration 1. Velocity: 2. Position: x 0 … starting position v 0 … starting velocity

3. Position changes rapidly x = x 0 + v 0 t + 1/2 gt 2 with x 0 = 0 and v 0 = 0 we have x = 0.5(-9.8 m/s 2 ) t 2 2. Velocity increases v = v 0 + gt But v 0 = 0 because ball released from rest so v = - 9.8 m/s 2 t Quantitatively: 1. Acceleration is constant a = g = - 9.8 m/s 2 A dropping ball

Black board examples 1.If it takes you 1.4 s to reach the water from a 10 m platform, how fast will you go just before you enter the water? 2.How far will you fall during a 5-second free fall?

A Falling Ball, Part 2 A falling ball can start by heading upward! –Velocity starts in the upward direction –Velocity becomes less and less upward –Altitude increases at an ever slower rate –At some point, velocity is momentarily zero –Velocity becomes more and more downward –Altitude decreases at ever faster rate

i-clicker question-3: You have the ability to throw a rock with a speed of 30 m/s (67 mi/h). In order to break the ice of a pond, do you throw the rock up or down?* a. Straight up b. Straight down c. Doesn’t matter * We are ignoring friction, drag, buoyant force, same release height

Throwing a ball upward Note that the up and down motions are symmetric!! It takes the same time to go up as it does to come back down.

Throwing a ball straight up and down Going up Going down

Throws and Arcs Gravity only affects vertical motion A ball can coast horizontally while falling vertically

Bouncing Balls: Same Time up as Down

Vertical and horizontal components of a vector (velocity, acceleration, force, …)

The vertical velocity gets smaller as the horizontal component gets larger

i-clicker question-4: An apple drops at the same time a shot is fired. Do we aim a)At the target? b)Above the target? c)Below the target? i-clicker question-4:

Dropping balls Which ball will hit the ground first? A. Straight drop B.Straight out C.Both at the same time i-clicker question-5:

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