3Ethnicity - cultural characteristics that distinguish Ethnicity - cultural characteristics that distinguish one group from anotherex. German, Irish, Swedish
4Physical/cultural characteristics unequal treatment Minority Group - share physical or cultural characteristics that result in inequalityPhysical/cultural characteristicsunequal treatmentascribed status (born into)strong bond and group loyaltyendogamy - marry within the group***Numbers are not the reason!!!
5Discrimination - denial of equal treatment based on group membership Legal discrimination - upheld by lawex. apartheidex. prior to civil rights movementInstitutionalized discrimination - outgrowth of the structure of societyex. denied access to employment, housing, busingPrejudice - unsupported generalization where an individual develops an attitude about a groupex. I don't like blondes because they're dumb
6Racism - belief one's race is superior to others Robert K. Merton1. active bigot - prejudice and openly discriminates2. timid bigot - prejudice but afraid to discriminate because of society3. fair-weather liberal - not prejudice but discriminates because of society4. all-weather liberal - not prejudice and won't discriminateSelf-fulfilling prophecy - prediction that results in behavior that makes the prediction come true
7ex. blondes, women drivers Sources of discrimination and prejudiceStereotypes - oversimplified, exaggerated, or unfavorable generalization about a group of peopleex. blondes, women drivers**if overcome stereotype, seen as an exception rather than proof stereotype is wrongScapegoating - placing blame for own problems on innocent group/individualex. blame teacher, school shootings
9James Byrd Jr.June 7, 1998, Byrd, 49, father of three, was driven into an East Texas forest, beaten, then chained at the ankles and dragged for three miles, until his head was torn off by the jagged edge of a roadside concrete culvert.John William King and two other men are accused of chaining James Byrd Jr to the back of a pickup truck and dragging him almost three miles. Prosecutors said Byrd was alive and conscious until the bumpy logging road tore his body apart.
10Matthew ShepardLaramie, Wyo., 21-year-old gay college student Matthew Shepard was brutally beaten, tied to a fence and left for dead. He was found 18 hours later and rushed to the hospital, where he lingered on the edge of death for nearly five days before succumbing to his injuries
11difference between degrees of power *competition for scarce resources Social environmentdifference between degrees of power*competition for scarce resources
12cultural pluralism - each group within society keeps unique identity Patterns of treatmentassimilation - blending of culturally distinct group into a single group with common culturecultural pluralism - each group within society keeps unique identityLegal protectionex. affirmative action, civil rights movement, hate crimesPopulation transferex. reservations, Bosnia
14Subjugation - maintaining control over a group through force Patterns continuedSubjugation - maintaining control over a group through forceslavery, prisons, womenSegregation - physical separation of a minority group from dominant groupDe jure segregation - based on lawex. Jim Crow "separate but equal"De facto segregation - informal separationex. neighborhoods - steering