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REPRESENTATIVE EARLY EAST ASIAN ART: CHINA EUGENIA LANGAN MATER ACADEMY CHARTER HIGH SCHOOL HIALEAH GARDENS, FLORIDA.

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Presentation on theme: "REPRESENTATIVE EARLY EAST ASIAN ART: CHINA EUGENIA LANGAN MATER ACADEMY CHARTER HIGH SCHOOL HIALEAH GARDENS, FLORIDA."— Presentation transcript:

1 REPRESENTATIVE EARLY EAST ASIAN ART: CHINA EUGENIA LANGAN MATER ACADEMY CHARTER HIGH SCHOOL HIALEAH GARDENS, FLORIDA

2 THEMES  MAN'S ORDERLY PLACE IN NATURE: TO RECALL CHINESE FOLK AND ORGANIZED RELIGION'S EMPHASIS ON NATURE, AND CHINESE EMPHASIS ON ORDER/RULES  THE MIDDLE KINGDOM AND THE WORLD: TO RECALL HAN CHINESE VIEW THAT THEY ARE AT THE CENTER OF THE EARTH, AND THE CULTURAL DIFFUSION THAT OCCURRED DUE TO CHINESE IMPERIALISM AND TRADE

3 GENERAL AP GOALS:  KNOW ENOUGH ABOUT THE HALLMARKS OF CHINESE ART AND ARCHITECTURE TO BE ABLE TO ANSWER MULTIPLE-CHOICE QUESTIONS ABOUT IT ON THE AP EXAM  KNOW SEVERAL EXAMPLES OF EACH APAH THEME TO BE ABLE TO COME UP WITH EXAMPLES "BEYOND THE EUROPEAN TRADITION" ON AP ESSAYS  IDENTIFY EAST-WEST, WEST-EAST AND EAST- EAST CULTURAL DIFFUSION (ESPECIALLY CHINESE INFLUENCE ON JAPANESE PAINTING AND PRINTS)

4  ART HISTORY GOALS:  EXAMINE THE NEOLITHIC AND EARLY DYNASTIC BEGINNINGS OF CHINESE CIVILIZATION AND ART.  UNDERSTAND THE INDIGENOUS RELIGIOUS BELIEFS, EARLY DAOISM AND CONFUCIANISM, AND THE LATER INFLUENCE OF BUDDHISM ON ART IN CHINA AND KOREA.  DESCRIBE MATERIALS, TECHNIQUES AND STYLISTIC QUALITIES OF CHINESE AND KOREAN ART AND ARCHITECTURE.  UNDERSTAND THE CHANGES IN ART RELATED TO THE SILK ROAD AND OTHER EASTERN AND WESTERN TRADE AND CONQUESTS.

5 QUICK HISTORIC CONTEXT IMPORTANT NOTE: MIDDLE-KINGDOM ("HAN") CHINA HAS LONGEST CONTINUOUS CULTURE IN HISTORY  © 1600 – 1050 B.C.E.: BRONZE AGE "SHANG DYNASTY"  © 1200 B.C.E.: EARLIEST DECIPHERABLE CHINESE IDEOGRAMS (ON ORACLE BONES)  © 1050 – 221 B.C.E.: "ZHOU DYNASTY" (FEUDAL)

6 SHANG ORACLE BONE © 1100 B.C.E. – CHINESE IDEOGRAMS

7  © 475 – 221 B.C.E.: PERIOD OF THE WARRING STATES 5 TH CENTURY B.C.E.: PUBLICATION OF DAO DE JING (DAOISM) AND CONFUCIAN ANALECTS 5 TH CENTURY B.C.E.: PUBLICATION OF DAO DE JING (DAOISM) AND CONFUCIAN ANALECTS © 220 B.C.E.: EARLIEST BUDDHIST MISSIONARIES IN CHINA (?) © 220 B.C.E.: EARLIEST BUDDHIST MISSIONARIES IN CHINA (?)  221 – 207 B.C.E.: QIN (CHIN!) DYNASTY/ EMPIRE (GREAT WALL BEGUN)  206 B.C.E. – 220 C.E.: HAN DYNASTY/ EMPIRE  SILK ROAD AND INDIAN OCEAN TRADE  © 60 C.E.: CONVERSION OF EMPEROR MING TO BUDDHISM (?)

8

9 QIN GREAT WALL (BUT GREAT WALL OF TODAY WAS BUILT IN MING DYNASTY)

10  221 – 207 B.C.E.: QIN (CHIN!) DYNASTY/ EMPIRE (GREAT WALL BEGUN)  206 B.C.E. – 220 C.E.: HAN DYNASTY/ EMPIRE  SILK ROAD AND INDIAN OCEAN TRADE  © 60 C.E.: CONVERSION OF EMPEROR MING TO BUDDHISM (?)

11

12 SILK ROAD ROUTE PINK – ROMAN EMPIRE, YELLOW = HAN EMPIRE

13  220 – 581 C.E.: "PERIOD OF DISUNITY" (WARRING STATES REDUX)  BY 4 TH CENTURY C.E. – MAHAYANA BUDDHISM ESTABLISHED IN CHINA  DAOISM ALSO BECAME VERY POPULAR  EARLY 6 TH CENTURY: XIA HE CANONS OF PAINTING  581 – 618: SUI DYNASTY (CONSOLIDATION)  618 –907: TANG DYNASTY: GOLDEN AGE OF CHINESE PAINTING AND BUDDHISM (EMPRESS WU)  907 – 960: "FIVE DYNASTIES" (WARRING STATES REDUX)

14 PERIOD OF DISUNITY

15

16  581 – 618: SUI DYNASTY (CONSOLIDATION)  618 –907: TANG DYNASTY: GOLDEN AGE OF CHINESE PAINTING  907 – 960: "FIVE DYNASTIES" (WARRING STATES REDUX)  960 – 1279: SONG DYNASTY  960 – 1127: NORTHERN SONG  1127: JURCHEN/ "JIN") (MANCHURIAN) CONQUEST OF NORTHERN CHINA  1127 – 1279: SOUTHERN SONG  1271: MONGOL CONQUEST (KUBLAI KHAN) - YUAN

17

18

19 CHINA SHANG - QIN

20

21 GUANG, PROBABLY FROM ANYANG, CHINA, SHANG DYNASTY, 12TH OR 11TH CENTURY BCE. BRONZE, 6 1/2” HIGH. ASIAN ART MUSEUM OF SAN FRANCISCO, SAN FRANCISCO. SHOWS EARLY CHINESE EXPERTISE AT BRONZE CASTING COMPARE TO ANCIENT NEAR EASTERN CHIMERAE THEMES?

22 STANDING FIGURE, FROM SANXINGDUI, CHINA, © 1200–1050 B.C.E. BRONZE, 8' 5" HIGH, INCLUDING BASE. MUSEUM, SANXINGDUI. ? PROBABLY RELIGIOUS

23 BI DISK WITH DRAGONS, FROM JINCUN(?), CHINA, EASTERN ZHOU DYNASTY, 4 TH – 3 RD CENTURY B.C.E. NEPHRITE, 6 ½" DIAMETER. NELSON-ATKINS MUSEUM OF ART, KANSAS CITY. BI = CIRCULAR JADE ARTIFACT JADE & SOME DRAGONS = RAIN THEME?

24 ARMY OF THE FIRST QIN EMPEROR SHI HUANGDI, IN PITS NEXT TO HIS BURIAL MOUND, LINTONG, CHINA, QIN DYNASTY, © 210 B.C.E. PAINTED TERRACOTTA, AVERAGE FIGURE 5' 10 7/8" HIGH.

25 > 8,000 SOLDIERS (HIERARCHY OF SCALE = GENERALS TALLER), > 130 CHARIOTS, > 700 HORSES

26 HAN DYNASTY

27

28 FUNERAL BANNER, FROM TOMB 1 (TOMB OF THE MARQUISE OF DAI), MAWANGDUI, CHINA, HAN DYNASTY, © 168 B.C.E. PAINTED SILK, 6' 8 ¾" X 3' ¼". HUNAN PROVINCIAL MUSEUM, CHANGSHA.

29 DETAIL FROM FUNERAL BANNER: MARQUISE OF DAI IN CENTER? EARLY CHINESE PORTRAIT?

30 THE ARCHER YI(?) AND A RECEPTION IN A MANSION, WU FAMILY SHRINE, JIAXIANG, CHINA, HAN DYNASTY, CE. RUBBING OF A STONE RELIEF, 3' X 5'.

31 MODEL OF A HOUSE, HAN DYNASTY, 1 ST CENTURY C.E. PAINTED EARTHENWARE, 4' 4" HIGH. NELSON- ATKINS MUSEUM OF ART, KANSAS CITY. NOTE HALLMARKS OF CHINESE ARCHITECTURE: OVER-HANGING EAVES, MULTIPLE STORIES (MORE TO COME IN LATER DYNASTIES!)

32 PERIOD OF DISUNITY

33 SHAKYAMUNI BUDDHA, FROM HEBEI PROVINCE, LATER ZHAO DYNASTY, PERIOD OF DISUNITY, 333 (?). GILDED BRONZE, 1' 3 1/2" HIGH. ASIAN ART MUSEUM OF SAN FRANCISCO EARLIEST DATABLE CHINESE BUDDHA INSPIRED BY GANDHARA BUDDHAS – BUT THIS IS SMILING, GOLDEN BUDDHA – NO MUDRA  MAHAYANA

34 SHAKYAMUNI AND PRABHUTARATNA, FROM HEBEI PROVINCE, NORTHERN WEI DYNASTY, 518. GILDED BRONZE, 10 1/4" HIGH. MUSÉE GUIMET, PARIS.

35 XIE HE'S SIX CANONS OF PAINTING (6 TH CENTURY)  CONSONANCE OF MOVEMENT AND SPIRIT  USE BRUSH WITH BONE METHOD (STRONG BRUSHSTROKES, CALLIGRAPHIC)  DEPICT FORMS OF THINGS ACCURATELY  USE COLOR TO DEPICT KINDS, APPEARANCES  CAREFUL COMPOSITION  COPY, MAINTAIN TRADITION (NOTE SEPARATION OF FORM AND COLOR!)

36 CHINESE IDEOGRAMS -- CALLIGRAPHY

37 GU KAIZHI, LADY FENG AND THE BEAR, DETAIL OF ADMONITIONS OF THE INSTRUCTRESS TO THE COURT LADIES, PERIOD OF DISUNITY, LATE FOURTH CENTURY. HANDSCROLL, INK AND COLORS ON SILK, ENTIRE SCROLL 9 ¾" X 11' 4 ½". BRITISH MUSEUM – ALL ON THE SURFACE!

38 TANG DYNASTY

39

40 VAIROCANA BUDDHA, DISCIPLES, AND BODHISATTVAS, FENGXIAN TEMPLE, LONGMEN CAVES, LUOYANG, CHINA, TANG DYNASTY, COMPLETED 675. LIMESTONE, BUDDHA 44' HIGH. PATRON: EMPRESS WU.

41 PARADISE OF AMITABHA, CAVE 172, DUNHUANG, CHINA, TANG DYNASTY, MID 8 TH CENTURY. WALL PAINTING, APPROX. 10' HIGH

42 SCHEMATIC CROSS-SECTION AND PERSPECTIVE DRAWING OF EAST MAIN HALL, FOGUANG SI (BUDDHA RADIANCE TEMPLE), MOUNT WUTAI, CHINA, TANG DYNASTY, © 857 NOTE CURVED ROOFLINE

43 CHINESE RAISED BEAM CONSTRUCTION: INTERLOCKING BEAMS, STRUTS AND PURLINS  CURVED RAFTERS. COLUMNS AND BEAMS/STRUTS/PURLINS SUPPORT ROOF (WALLS = SCREENS).

44 ANOTHER (SIMILAR) TEMPLE AT MOUNT WUTAI NOTE STUPA IN FRONT

45 YAN LIBEN (?), EMPEROR XUAN AND ATTENDANTS, DETAIL OF THE THIRTEEN EMPERORS, TANG DYNASTY, © 650. HANDSCROLL, INK AND COLORS ON SILK, DETAIL: 1' 8 ¼" X 1' 5 ½ ]"; ENTIRE SCROLL, 17' 5" LONG. MUSEUM OF FINE ARTS, BOSTON.

46 PALACE LADIES, DETAIL OF A WALL PAINTING IN THE TOMB OF PRINCESS YONGTAI, QIANXIAN, CHINA, TANG DYNASTY, 706. DETAIL. 5' 10" HIGH.

47 NEIGHING HORSE, TANG DYNASTY, 8 TH TO 9 TH CENTURY. GLAZED EARTHENWARE, 1' 8" HIGH. VICTORIA & ALBERT MUSEUM, LONDON.

48 SONG DYNASTY

49 FAN KUAN, DETAIL OF TRAVELERS AMONG MOUNTAINS AND STREAMS (FIGURE 7-1), NORTHERN SONG PERIOD, EARLY 11 TH CENTURY. HANGING SCROLL, INK AND COLORS ON SILK, ENTIRE SCROLL 6' 7 ¼" X 3' 4 ¼"; DETAIL 2' 10 ¼" HIGH. NATIONAL PALACE MUSEUM, TAIBEI. MAN'S INSIGNIFICANCE IN NATURE?

50 DETAIL: THE TRAVELERS!

51 HUIZONG, AUSPICIOUS CRANES, SECTION OF A HANDSCROLL, NORTHERN SONG PERIOD, SECTION OF A HANDSCROLL, INK AND COLORS ON SILK, 1' 8 1/8" X 4' 6 3/8". LIAONING PROVINCIAL MUSEUM, SHENYANG STYLIZED LANDSCAPE (COLOR MORE IMPORTANT THAN LINE), NATURALISTIC CRANES

52 MEIPING VASE, FROM XIUWI, CHINA, NORTHERN SONG PERIOD, 12TH CENTURY. STONEWARE, CIZHOU TYPE, WITH SGRAFFITO DECORATION, 1' 7 ½" HIGH. ASIAN ART MUSEUM OF SAN FRANCISCO. CONTRASTING SLIPS (HERE, WHITE OVER BLACK), THEN DESIGN IS INCISED INTO TOP SLIP MEIPING SHAPE

53 SONG CELADON POTTERY: JADE GREEN GLAZE – CELADON WARE BECAME POPULAR THROUGHOUT EAST ASIA

54 FOGUANG SI PAGODA,YINGXIAN, CHINA, LIAO DYNASTY, LIAO DYNASTY – JURGEN (KIRCHAN – MANCHU)

55 PLAN AND ELEVATION, FOGUANG SI PAGODA

56 ON A MOUNTAIN PATH IN SPRING, SOUTHERN SONG PERIOD, EARLY 13TH CENTURY. ALBUM LEAF, INK AND COLORS ON SILK, 10 ¾" X 17". NATIONAL PALACE MUSEUM, TAIBEI. MAN MORE IMPORTANT IN NATURE

57 LIANG KAI, SIXTH CHAN PATRIARCH CHOPPING BAMBOO, SOUTHERN SONG PERIOD, EARLY 13TH CENTURY. HANGING SCROLL, INK ON PAPER, 2' 5 ¼" HIGH. TOKYO NATIONAL MUSEUM. BONE BRUSHSTROKES ARE ALL!

58 ZHOU JICHANG, LOHANS GIVING ALMS TO BEGGARS, SOUTHERN SONG PERIOD, © HANGING SCROLL, INK AND COLORS ON SILK, 3' 7 7/8" X 1'8 7/8". MUSEUM OF FINE ARTS, BOSTON. NOTE USE OF COLOR TO DEPICT HIERARCHY

59 DETAILS: LOHANS AND BEGGARS!

60 KOREA (SILLA AND KORYO)

61

62 SHAKYAMUNI BUDDHA, IN THE ROTUNDA OF THE CAVE TEMPLE, SOKKURAM, KOREA, UNIFIED SILLA KINGDOM, 751–774. GRANITE, 11' HIGH.

63 MAEBYONG VASE, KORYO DYNASTY, © 918 – CELADON WITH INLAID DECORATION, 1' 4 ½" TALL. KANSONG ART MUSEUM, SEOUL.


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