2 Review What are the geographic features of China? How did the Chinese change their environment to make it work for them?Mountains, deserts, ocean and junglesTerrace farming to farm on the hill and mountainsExplain the importance of the Silk RoadWhat are the basic guidelines of the Confucius belief system?Trade and cultural diffusion between China and RomeSilk road and Indian Ocean (Monsoon MarketplaceFive RelationshipsFilial Piety- Respect for elders
3 Shang DynastyMost of China was isolated by a variety of geographic featuresIt was the Shang that first united a chunk of China near the Huang He and helped China prosperUnder the Shang Dynasty the Chinese developed a writing system
4 The right to rule granted by god Zhou DynastyMandate of Heaven:The right to rule granted by godOverthrew the Shang familyCreated support by claiming god was angry with the Shang’s cruel rule and chose the Zhou to rule insteadThey called this the Mandate of Heaven
6 Think about it…Thinking back to the Egyptian and Mesopotamian God-Kings, why do you think the Chinese Dynasties would claim a “Mandate” from heaven?
7 Zhou FuedalismThe emperor would give large areas of land to loyal lords.The lords would allow peasants to farm the land in exchange for a part of the crop and military service
8 Zhou EconomyThe Zhou introduced money to the Chinese, changing from bartering to moneyIncreased canals, road systems and irrigation systemsDiscovered how to make silk
9 Qin DynastyThe Qin furthered trade along the Silk Road but dealt with frequent invasionsBegan the Great Wall to stop invasionsThe Emperor also placed thousands of Terracotta statues to ‘protect’ his tomb and wall
10 Period of cultural and intellectual achievement. Han Dynasty 206 BCE- 220 CEThe Han dynasty created a Golden Age in ChinaThe Han Dynasty gained the mandate of heaven by lowering taxes and easing government regulationsMore freedomLower taxesGolden Age:Period of cultural and intellectual achievement.
11 Han’s Golden Age Led by Wudi/ Wuti Expanded Silk Road Established Confucianism as the official belief systemCivil Service exams- qualified employees not just friendsWrote books on zoology, biology, chemistry and astronomyCreated acupuncture
12 Civil Service ExamsBefore the exams, most government jobs were provided based on close relationshipsGovernment jobs are now based on meritDo you think Civil Service Exams are a good idea or not?
13 Tang Dynasty 618 CE-907 CE Reunited China after years of Civil War Created a strict social structureInvented Gun powderInvented block printing- allowed for quicker and cheaper copies
14 Block PrintingCreating Block Printing allowed the Chinese to quickly reproduce books and sell them for less money
15 Song Dynasty (related to Tang) The Song Dynasty focused on trade:-fine porcelain-landscape paintings-Pagoda-spinning wheel-increase Rice production
16 Ming Dynasty CEPopulation boomed as new foods were introduced from the AmericasRestored many traditional values and ideasExplored sea trading routes and established trade from China to Africa
17 Zheng HeZheng He led expeditions along Southeast Asia, India and East AfricaTrade=cultural diffusionThe Chinese felt superior to the cultures they encountered. When Zheng He dies the emperor stops ALL trade and the Chinese become isolated
19 ReviewThe Ancient Chinese viewed outsiders are barbarians. This is an example of1) Cultural diffusion2) Materialism3) Imperialism4) Ethnocentrism
20 ReviewIn China, the development of ethnocentrism was most influenced by1. its geographic isolation2.its historic reliance on foreign nations3.a long history of democratic government4. a strong belief in Christianity
21 ReviewWhich statement best supports the idea that cultural diffusion has greatly affected Southeast Asia?1) The population of SE Asia is concentrated in rural areas2) Monsoon climates affect food production in Indonesia3) A reliance on subsistence agriculture remains a problem for many SE Asian economies4) Buddhism, Hinduism, and Islam are practiced throughout SE Asia