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Chinese Dynasties.

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Presentation on theme: "Chinese Dynasties."— Presentation transcript:

1 Chinese Dynasties

2 Mandate of Heaven Divine approval thought to be the basis of royal authority

3 Dynastic Cycle Historical pattern of the rise, decline and replacement of dynasties

4 Shang Dynasty BCE

5 Zhou Dynasty (JOH): 1050-256 BCE
Longest lasting dynasty Period of Warring States: BCE Confucius 551 BCE-479 BCE

6 Qin Dynasty 221 BCE – 206 BCE Emperor Qin Shi Huangdi “First Emperor”
Subdued warring states and unified China Doubled China’s size Unlimited power Centralized and standardized China: laws, weights, axle wheels

7 Terracotta soldiers Guard tomb of Shi Huangdi

8 Great Wall of China Made poor people work on huge defensive wall
Extended and close gap in north almost entire length of border

9 Killed Opponents Killed hundreds of Confucian scholars to prevent criticism Burned books

10 Han Dynasty (202 BCE – 220 CE) Golden age Model for many dynasties
People of China still refer to themselves as Han

11 Silk Road Open for trade Ancient Trade route linking China and West
China sent silk west

12 Advancements under the Han
Paper in 105 CE Civil service system for jobs put into place. Exams.

13 Sui Dynasty 581-618 CE Completion of Grand Canal
Millions worked for years on this 1000 mile waterway, which used existing waterways and built new ones to successfully link North and South China for the first time in history Others continued with Great Wall Numerous workers died

14 Grand Canal

15 Tang Dynasty 618-906 CE Great poetry
Only Female Emperor: Empress Wu Zhao (woo jow). Lived CE Helped to expand over Korea Continued exam system for governing class

16 Song Dynasty 960-1279 CE Foreign trade flourished
Great advances under Tang and Song in movable type and gunpowder Improved acupuncture Introduction of Islam to China along Silk Road Hangzhou: major city of Song Dynasty. Like a massive park today. Marco Polo visited it and declared it the most beautiful city on earth (about 1 million at the time)

17 Yuan Dynasty (1271-1368)(YOO AHN)
First Mongol Dynasty. But followed established Chinese traditions and methods of governing Extended Grand Canal

18 Genghis Khan Created largest empire world had known
Began conquest of China. Completed by his grandson, Kublai Khan. Plundered cities. Killed citizens or took them as slaves.

19 Ming Dynasty (1368-1644 CE) Forbidden City: 9,999 rooms
Very large and surrounded by moat Restored Great Wall

20 Qing Dynasty (1644-1912) Last dynasty in China Manchu Dynasty
This dynasty lost to Western powers in, for example, the Opium Wars

21 Works Cited Beck, Roger B. World History: Patterns of Interaction. Evanston, IL: McDougal Littell, Print. Kublin, Michael, Hyman Kublin, and Hyman Kublin. China. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, Print.

22 Exit Slip Which three dynasties seem to you to have had the most influence on China? Why?

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