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Published byAbel Simmons Modified over 6 years ago
Simple Sentence 1.A simple sentence contains a subject and verb. 2.It expresses a single complete thought. 3.A simple sentence is a single 1 independent clause. ***SIMPLE = 1 INDEPENDENT
Sample Simple Sentences 1.The cat crept through the dark house. 2.The wary mouse watched from underneath an upturned cereal box. 3.The predatory cat stopped and surveyed his surroundings. 4.The mouse darted for the safety of the nearly invisible hole under the cabinet.
Compound Sentences 1.A compound sentence contains 2 independent clauses. 2.Conjunctions (for, and, nor, but, or, and yet, so) join 2 independent clauses. 3.The coordinating conjunctions spell FANBOYS. 4.The conjunction used can impact the meaning of the sentence. ***COMPOUND = 1 IND + 1 IND + F – for A – and N – nor B – but O – or Y – yet S - so
Sample Compound Sentences The cat was unsuccessful in his attempt to catch the mouse, and the mouse was equally as unlucky in his attempt to get the cheese. The dog had watched all of this, but he had refused to become involved. The mouse could wait until dark, or he could risk a daylight raid on the pantry. The cat usually slept during the day, yet curiosity held him at the corner of the kitchen.
Complex Sentences 1.A complex sentence is an independent clause joined by one or more dependent clauses. 2.A subordinating conjunction begins the dependent clauses. 3.The subordinating conjunctions spell A WHITE BUS. 4.A dependent clause that begins a sentence must be followed by comma. 5.A dependent clause has a subject and a verb, but it does not make sense on its own.
Complex Sentences The subordinating conjunctions spell A WHITE BUS. :- A-After, as, although, as if W- While, whenever, who, when H-However I- If T- that, then E- Even though B- Before, because U- Until S- Since, so that ***COMPLEX = 1 IND + 1 DEP +
Subordinating Conjunctions Afterhow Until Althoughif Unless Asin as much as if in order thatWhenas long as At least Wheneveras much as now that whereas soon whereveras though Since Whilebecauseso that Beforeeven if That even though though
Sample Complex Sentences After he gave it some thought, the mouse decided to wait until later for his trek. The cat fell asleep on the warm kitchen because he was deprived of sleep the night before. When the mouse heard the soft snoring of his sleeping nemesis, he scurried to the pantry and grabbed enough food for a week. The dedicated, feline sleuth keeps his nightly vigil even though the foresighted mouse will not be venturing out this week.
Compound-Complex Sentences 1.A compound-complex sentence is a sentence that has at least 2 independent clauses and at least 1 dependent clause. 2.The same subordinating conjunctions – A WHITE BUS are used to introduce the dependent clauses. 3.The same coordinating conjunctions - FANBOYS are used for joining the independent clauses. ***COMPOUND-COMPLEX = 2 IND +1 DEP + +
Sample Compound-Complex Sentences. 1.After the two adversaries had spent years playing this “cat and mouse” game, they were joined by their children, and the fun continued. 2.Even though it seems the two were bent on the other’s destruction, the cat and mouse were rather fond of one another, and neither wanted the other’s defeat. 3.This game was begun thousands of years ago, and it will continue far into the future as other cats and mice revel in hide-and-seek.
1.Simple = 1 IND= 2.Compound= 1 IND + 1 IND 3.Complex = 1 IND + 1 DEP = 4.Compound-Complex= 2 or more IND + 1 DEP
Exercises Say if the following sentences are: Simple, compound, complex or compound- complex.
1.The bell rang. 2.Bridget ran the first part of the race, and Tara biked the second part. 3.He stands at the bottom of the cliff while the climber moves up the rock. 4.The skier turned and jumped. 5.Naoki passed the test because he studied hard and understood the material.
Answers 1.Simple 2.Compound 3.Complex 4.Simple 5.Compound-complex
1.Because Kayla has so much climbing experience, we asked her to lead our group. 2.You and I need piano lessons. 3.I planned to go to the hockey game, but I couldn’t get tickets. 4.Dorothy likes white water rafting, but she also enjoys kayaking. 5.There are many problems to solve before this program can be used, but engineers believe that they will be able to solve them soon.
Answers 1.Complex 2.Simple 3.Compound 4.Compound 5.Compound-complex
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