3Who was Harding? Good-natured man with poor judgment Ohio senator who described “normalcy” as simpler daysHis words of peace and calm comforted a healing nation
4Working for PeacePost WWI problems: arms control, war debts, & reconstructionHarding’s Washington Naval Conference (Russia left out)
5Charles Evans Hughes “Stop building warships for ten years” Asked five powers (US, GB, Japan, France, & Italy) to scrap many warshipsWhat will this do to the economy?
6Kellogg-Briand Act 1928 World Powers agree to disarm Renounced war as national policy (peace not war)No means of enforcement
7High Tariffs and Reparations Harding favoring isolationism but trying to head off trouble.Britain and France can’t debt to U.S. ($10 Billion)Could do this in two ways:sell goods to UScollect reparations from Germany
8Fordney-McCumber Tariff 1922 – raised taxes on US imports to 60% Protected U.S. businessesMade it impossible for Britain & France to sell enough goods in the U.S. to repay the debts
9What did they do? Demanded Germany to pay and sent in troops To avoid war, banker Charles Dawes went to negotiate loans
10Dawes PlanAmerican investors loan Germany $2.5 billion to pay Britain & France who in turn pay the USCaused resentment:Britain and France say US not paying fair share, US benefited from German defeat while Europeans paid for victory with livesUS considered Britain & France financially irresponsible.
11Limiting Immigration Fueling Nativism: Union disputes with immigrant anarchists and socialistsUnskilled labor jobs decreasing
12Quota SystemCongress under pressure from nativists votes for the Emergency Quota Act 1921System establishes a maximum number of people who could enter the U.S. from certain countries.Goal was to limit European Immigration
13System discriminated against those from Eastern and Southern Europe (Roman Catholics and Jews) National Origins Act 1929 – reduced immigration further by admitting only 150,000 a year
14Law excluded Japanese immigration all together Did not apply to Western Hemisphere (Canada and Mexico)
15Does who you hang out with determine who you are? Think About It:Does who you hang out with determine who you are?
16Scandal Hits Harding’s Administration Harding favored limited government on domestic issues (business affairs and social reform)Set up Bureau of the Budget to help run government more efficientlyUrged US steel to abandon the 12-hour day
17Harding’s CabinetCharles Evans Hughes – secretary of state who became chief justice
18Herbert Hoover – secretary of commerce (goof job handling food distribution & refugee problems during war)
19Andrew Mellon – extremely wealthy, secretary of treasury (set measures to cut taxes and reduce national debt)
21Charles ForbesHead of Veterans Bureau, was caught illegally selling government and hospital supplies
22Colonel Thomas Miller Office of Alien Property (caught taking a bribe) Charged w/defrauding government & sentenced to 18 months
23The Teapot Dome Scandal Government had set aside oil-rich public land at Teapot Dome, Wyoming, and Elk Hills, California, for use of the Navy
24Secretary of Interior, Albert B Secretary of Interior, Albert B. Fall transferred the oil reserves from the navy to Interior DepartmentSecretly leased land to 2 private oil companies
25Found guilty of bribery first to be convicted of a felony while holding cabinet postHarding died shortly after of strokeCalvin Coolidge is now president & regained faith of people in the post of President
26Scandalous Writing: Read the “cartoon” strip On the back, explain how the writer was accurate about Harding and his administration.When completed, put it in the bin.