Presentation on theme: "The Harding Presidency"— Presentation transcript:
1The Harding Presidency Politics of the Roaring TwentiesThe Harding Presidency
2ObjectivesContrast Harding’s policy of “normalcy” with progressive era reforms.Identify scandals that plagued the Harding administration.
3Do Now How do you feel after getting back from vacation? Are you glad to get back to a routine?
4Warren G. Harding Assumed the presidency in 1921 He promised a return to normalcy—the simpler days before the progressive era and the Great War
5Harding Struggles for Peace Washington Naval Conference (1921)President Harding invites Great Britain, France, Japan and Italy to the conferenceSecretary of State Charles Evans Hughes urged the naval powers to disarm—no more war ships would be built for 10 years
6Harding Struggles for Peace Kellogg Briand Pact (1928)Rejected war as a national policy15 countries signed the pactPresident Coolidge for the US signs the pact; however, the pact provided no means of enforcement
7High Tariffs and Reparations Fordney-McCumber TariffRaised taxes on U.S. imports to 60 %Made it impossible for Britain and France to repay war debts
8High Tariffs and Reparations Dawes PlanAmerican banker, Charles Dawes negotiated a loan to Germany to pay back Britain and FranceBritain and France then paid the US money it was owedThis solution caused resentment towards the US
9Scandal Hits Harding’s Administration Ohio GangThe President’s poker playing buddies that were corrupt and caused embarrassment for the presidentThey were members of his cabinet
10Scandal Plagues Harding Charles R. ForbesHead of the veterans bureau was caught illegally selling hospital supplies to private companies
11Legacy of HardingHe was a good natured man, but his friends were the problem.He died of a heart attack August 2, 1923
12Scandal Hit Harding’s Admin Teapot Dome ScandalGovernment set aside oil rich public fields for the Navy in Wyoming and Elk Hills, CaliforniaAlbert B. Fall, secretary of the interior leased the fields to oil companies and receive over 400,000 dollars from an oil company
13? Event Effects How would these events apply today? 1. Washington Naval ConferenceNo war ships built for 10 years; disarmamentCould we have another conference to discuss disarmament; should we be concerned with who controls nuclear technology?2. Kellogg-Briand PactRejected war as a national policy; 15 countries signed the pactCould this Pact be applied today? How would Calvin Coolidge respond to terror networks like Al-QuedaFordney-McCumber TariffRaised taxes on imports to the highest levelHow would raised tariffs affect the U.S. economy today? Should President Obama raise tariffs to protect American manufacturers.4. Dawes PlanLoans to Germany to repay reparations5. Quota ActLimited the amount of people that could come into the USWould a quota act today solve our immigration concerns; is there a concern with who is allowed in this country?6. Teapot Dome ScandalGovernment corruption;Can you think of other examples of government corruption in our History?