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Explore the Native American Nations Nez Perce Pawnee Seminole Hopi The Native American Nations of North America cultivated the natural resources around.

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Presentation on theme: "Explore the Native American Nations Nez Perce Pawnee Seminole Hopi The Native American Nations of North America cultivated the natural resources around."— Presentation transcript:

1 Explore the Native American Nations Nez Perce Pawnee Seminole Hopi The Native American Nations of North America cultivated the natural resources around them to provide food and housing materials. They adapted to their environments, and their culture grew from those adaptations. Just as the climate and geography of North America varies tremendously, so too did the cultural groups that scattered across our great continent. Click to learn more about them. Inuit Kwakiutl

2 * USGS Map Click on an area of the map to learn about the Native peoples who lived there. Use your field book to record the important details you find. Click the map icon in the top left corner to return to this page at any time.

3 Hopi of the Southwest The Hopi:  Lived in the low, flat desert and high plateaus of the dry Southwest  Grew beans, squash, and maize (corn )  Built large “pueblo” homes with many rooms  Were the first in the world to fire clay pottery Use your field book to guide your search and record your answers. Greetings, Historian! Check out the Hopi to discover ways the Hopi used the natural resources around them. Photograph courtesy The Library of Congress

4 Hopi of the Southwest Hopi can be found in Arizona and California, the Southwestern United States. The name “Hopi” is believed to mean “peaceful ones.” This group is deeply into the culture’s religion, morals, and ethics. The Hopi religion does not support war. The Southwest Indians: did not have many animals in the area, so they grew crops had frequent hot weather in some areas and did not wear much clothing grew cotton to make cool, lightweight clothing built pueblo homes out of clay to protect them from the hot weather

5 Kwakiutl of the Northwest The Kwakiutl:  Lived near the Pacific coast.  Built large plank homes from cedar trees.  Caught a surplus of salmon, which they dried and ate year-round Use your field book to guide your search and record your answers. Greetings, Historian! Check out the Kwakiutl Indian Band to discover ways the Kwakiutl used the natural resources around them. Photograph courtesy The Library of Congress

6 Kwakiutl of the Northwest Kwakiutl are found on the Northwest coast. They live mostly in Canada in British Columbia and Vancouver. The men hunt and fish while the women gather other types of foods. It is estimated that there were 15,000 Kwakiutl before the Europeans came to North America, but there are only about 4,000 today.

7 Pawnee of the Great Plains The Pawnee:  Grew corn, squash, and beans half of the year  Hunted buffalo during the other half of the year  Built permanent lodges using bark, earth, and grass Built permanent lodges Built permanent lodges Use your field book to guide your search and record your answers. Photograph courtesy The Library of Congress Greetings, Historian! Check out the Smithsonian National Museum of American History to learn more about the Pawnees by analyzing their artwork.

8 Pawnee of the Great Plains The Plains Indians: could hunt animals like buffalo for meat and skin gathered berries for food and dyes planted vegetables in the fertile land had warm summers and cold winters

9 Nez Perce of the Northwest The Nez Perce:  Lived in the plateaus and the valleys of what is now known as north central Idaho, Montana, northeastern Oregon, and southeastern Washington, an area of about seventeen million acres.  Traveled and fished along their many rivers every season.  Migrated to hunt and gather during summer and fall. Use your field book to guide your search and record your answers. Photograph courtesy The Library of Congress Greetings, Historian! Check out the Nez Perce National Historical Park to discover ways the Nez Perce used the natural resources around them.Nez Perce National Historical Park

10 Nez Perce of the Northwest The Pacific Northwest Indians: had considerable amount of trees to make canoes, boats, and houses made clothes out of tree bark and ocean animal skins like seals ate fish if they lived along the coast or near streams had mild weather for most areas which meant little clothing was needed used oil to waterproof their clothing because it rained often

11 The Inuit of Alaska and Northwest Canada Inuit:  Lived in the extreme arctic climate of Northwest Canada  Traveled and fished along the ocean and seashore every season.  Built “igloo” homes out of ice and snow Built “igloo” homes Built “igloo” homes  Wore thick clothing made from caribou (reindeer) and seal hides Wore thick clothing Wore thick clothing Use your field book to guide your search and record your answers. Greetings, Historian! Check out the above links to discover ways the Inuit used the natural resources around them. Photograph courtesy The National Archives

12 The Inuit of Alaska and Northwest Canada Live in Arctic regions They are hunters and fishers. Their homes are often igloos constructed of blocks of snow to form a dome. Dogs are important to this group because they are used to pull sleds.

13 Seminoles of the Southeast The Seminoles:  Lived in what is now know as Florida  Wore light clothing made of grass and thin cloth  Built roundhouses made of wooden poles covered with clay and bark, sometimes without walls Use your field book to guide your search and record your answers. Greetings, Historian! Check out the Seminole Tribe of Florida to discover ways the Seminoles used the natural resources around them. Photograph courtesy The Library of Congress

14 Seminoles of the Southeast Have lived in the Southeastern U.S., mostly in Florida.


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