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SS4H1 The student will describe how early Native American cultures developed in North America. a. Locate where Native Americans settled with emphasis on.

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Presentation on theme: "SS4H1 The student will describe how early Native American cultures developed in North America. a. Locate where Native Americans settled with emphasis on."— Presentation transcript:

1 SS4H1 The student will describe how early Native American cultures developed in North America. a. Locate where Native Americans settled with emphasis on the Arctic (Inuit), Northwest (Kwakiutl), Plateau (Nez Perce), Southwest (Hopi), Plains (Pawnee), and Southeast (Seminole). b. Describe how Native Americans used their environment to obtain food, clothing, and shelter Native Americans SS4H1 The student will describe how early Native American cultures developed in North America. a. Locate where Native Americans settled with emphasis on the Arctic (Inuit), Northwest (Kwakiutl), Plateau (Nez Perce), Southwest (Hopi), Plains (Pawnee), and Southeast (Seminole). b. Describe how Native Americans used their environment to obtain food, clothing, and shelter Native Americans

2 Kwakiutl Location- Pacific Northwest Location- Pacific Northwest –Washington State and British Columbia, Canada. Shelter-Built large homes (plankhouses) from cedar sticks and bark. Shelter-Built large homes (plankhouses) from cedar sticks and bark. Food- Salmon, shellfish, sea mammals, clams, deer, moose, berries Food- Salmon, shellfish, sea mammals, clams, deer, moose, berries Clothing- used cedar-tree bark to make clothing as well as skins from deer, etc. Clothing- used cedar-tree bark to make clothing as well as skins from deer, etc. Built totem poles outside their home Built totem poles outside their home that represented animals, people, and spirits.

3 Kwakiutl Totem Poles Kwakiutl Kwakiutl KwakiutlKwakiutl

4 Kwakiutl U.S. map location

5 Nez Perce Location- Plateau Region in Idaho. Location- Plateau Region in Idaho. –Where present day Idaho, Washington, and Oregon meet. Shelter-tull-mat covered long houses. Tull was a plant that grew by rivers. Shelter-tull-mat covered long houses. Tull was a plant that grew by rivers. –Materials included: tull, wood, and buffalo hides –The houses were very long. Sometimes 100 feet! Food- various fish, deer, mountain sheep, antelope, bison, plants and berries. Food- various fish, deer, mountain sheep, antelope, bison, plants and berries. –The men spent their time hunting, while the women did the gathering. Clothing- animal skins and moccasins Clothing- animal skins and moccasins

6 Nez Perce

7 Nez Perce U.S. map location

8 Hopi Location- Southwest (Utah, Arizona, New Mexico, Colorado) Location- Southwest (Utah, Arizona, New Mexico, Colorado) Shelter- Built large “pueblo” homes with many rooms made from adobe bricks (clay, stone, straw, grass) Shelter- Built large “pueblo” homes with many rooms made from adobe bricks (clay, stone, straw, grass) Food- farmers: Grew beans, squash, and maize (corn) Food- farmers: Grew beans, squash, and maize (corn) –Corn, beans, and squash were known as “the three sisters.” Hunters: They also hunted rabbits and squirrels. Clothing- breech cloths, and dresses Clothing- breech cloths, and dresses –Cotton, animal skins, and fur Were the first in the world to fire clay pottery Were the first in the world to fire clay pottery

9 Hopi

10 Hopi

11 Hopi U.S. map location

12 Pawnee Location- Plains Region Location- Plains Region Shelter- Earth lodges made up their villages where they farmed. Tipis were used for quick travel while on hunting trips. Shelter- Earth lodges made up their villages where they farmed. Tipis were used for quick travel while on hunting trips. –Tipis were great for quick travel! Food- Men would take their families on hunting trips for several months. Following herds of buffalo and antelope. The women were skilled farmers. They grew corn, squash, beans (three sisters), melon, and tobacco. Food- Men would take their families on hunting trips for several months. Following herds of buffalo and antelope. The women were skilled farmers. They grew corn, squash, beans (three sisters), melon, and tobacco. Clothing-buffalo and deer skin, poncho-like blouses, breechcloths, leather leggings Clothing-buffalo and deer skin, poncho-like blouses, breechcloths, leather leggings

13 Pawnee

14 Pawnee U.S. map location

15 Seminole Location- Southeast Region (Florida) Location- Southeast Region (Florida) Shelter- chickees (built of wood and straw and had no walls) Shelter- chickees (built of wood and straw and had no walls) Food- Fish, turkey, deer, corn, beans, squash, melons, and sweet potatoes. Brave men would hunt alligator. Food- Fish, turkey, deer, corn, beans, squash, melons, and sweet potatoes. Brave men would hunt alligator. Clothing- Men wore breechcloths made of deer skin Clothing- Men wore breechcloths made of deer skin Women wore wraparound skirts woven from palmetto plants and animal skin. Women wore wraparound skirts woven from palmetto plants and animal skin.

16 Seminole village

17 Seminole U.S. map location

18 Inuit Location- Arctic Region (Alaska) Location- Arctic Region (Alaska) Shelter- Winter: igloo homes made of ice, snow, and drift wood. Shelter- Winter: igloo homes made of ice, snow, and drift wood. Summer-tents made of animal skin and bones Summer-tents made of animal skin and bones Food- Caribou, birds, seals, walruses, fish, and other sea mammals Food- Caribou, birds, seals, walruses, fish, and other sea mammals Clothing- Thick clothing (made of skins with thick fur) Clothing- Thick clothing (made of skins with thick fur) -Parkas were a large thick coat with a hood. -Waterproof boots made from seal skin. -Goggles were made of wood, ivory, or bone to protect their eyes. -Parkas were a large thick coat with a hood. -Waterproof boots made from seal skin. -Goggles were made of wood, ivory, or bone to protect their eyes.

19 Inuit Children

20 Inuit US. Map location

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22 Questions for review: What tribe was known for their pottery? What tribe was known for their pottery? Why would the Inuit not eat corn, beans and squash? Why would the Inuit not eat corn, beans and squash? What tribe ate alligator? What tribe ate alligator? What were the Hopi Tribe’s homes made out of and why? What were the Hopi Tribe’s homes made out of and why? Why did the Pawnee need to live in homes that were made for such quick travel? Why did the Pawnee need to live in homes that were made for such quick travel? Why would the Inuit tribe eat such fatty foods? Why would the Inuit tribe eat such fatty foods? Which tribe used cedar bark to make their clothing? Which tribe used cedar bark to make their clothing?


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