Presentation on theme: "SS4H1 The student will describe how early Native American cultures developed in North America. a. Locate where Native Americans settled with emphasis."— Presentation transcript:
1SS4H1 The student will describe how early Native American cultures developed in North America. a. Locate where Native Americans settled with emphasis on the Arctic (Inuit), Northwest (Kwakiutl), Plateau (Nez Perce), Southwest (Hopi), Plains (Pawnee), and Southeast (Seminole). b. Describe how Native Americans used their environment to obtain food, clothing, and shelter Native Americans
2Kwakiutl Location- Pacific Northwest Washington State and British Columbia, Canada.Shelter-Built large homes (plankhouses) from cedar sticks and bark.Food- Salmon, shellfish, sea mammals, clams, deer, moose, berriesClothing- used cedar-tree bark to make clothing as well as skins from deer, etc.Built totem poles outside their home that represented animals, people, and spirits.Kwakiutl
5Nez Perce Location- Plateau Region in Idaho. Where present day Idaho, Washington, and Oregon meet.Shelter-tull-mat covered long houses. Tull was a plant that grew by rivers.Materials included: tull, wood, and buffalo hidesThe houses were very long. Sometimes 100 feet!Food- various fish, deer, mountain sheep, antelope, bison, plants and berries.The men spent their time hunting, while the women did the gathering.Clothing- animal skins and moccasins
8Hopi Location- Southwest (Utah, Arizona, New Mexico, Colorado) Shelter- Built large “pueblo” homes with many rooms made from adobe bricks (clay, stone, straw, grass)Food- farmers: Grew beans, squash, and maize (corn)Corn, beans, and squash were known as “the three sisters.”Hunters: They also hunted rabbits and squirrels.Clothing- breech cloths, and dressesCotton, animal skins, and furWere the first in the world to fire clay potteryHopi
12Pawnee Location- Plains Region Shelter- Earth lodges made up their villages where they farmed. Tipis were used for quick travel while on hunting trips.Tipis were great for quick travel!Food- Men would take their families on hunting trips for several months. Following herds of buffalo and antelope. The women were skilled farmers. They grew corn, squash, beans (three sisters), melon, and tobacco.Clothing-buffalo and deer skin, poncho-like blouses, breechcloths, leather leggingsPawnee
15Seminole Location- Southeast Region (Florida) Shelter- chickees (built of wood and straw and had no walls)Food- Fish, turkey, deer, corn, beans, squash, melons, and sweet potatoes. Brave men would hunt alligator.Clothing- Men wore breechcloths made of deer skinWomen wore wraparound skirts woven from palmetto plants and animal skin.Seminole
18Inuit Location- Arctic Region (Alaska) Shelter- Winter: igloo homes made of ice, snow, and drift wood.Summer-tents made of animal skin and bonesFood- Caribou, birds, seals, walruses, fish, and other sea mammalsClothing- Thick clothing (made of skins with thick fur)-Parkas were a large thick coat with a hood. -Waterproof boots made from seal skin. -Goggles were made of wood, ivory, or bone to protect their eyes.
22Questions for review: What tribe was known for their pottery? Why would the Inuit not eat corn, beans and squash?What tribe ate alligator?What were the Hopi Tribe’s homes made out of and why?Why did the Pawnee need to live in homes that were made for such quick travel?Why would the Inuit tribe eat such fatty foods?Which tribe used cedar bark to make their clothing?