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Building Enterprise Geospatial Web solution for Forest sector GeoForest – A Case Study Vivek Chitale*, M. Vinayak Rao**, Geetanjali Mehta, Dhrubajyoti.

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Presentation on theme: "Building Enterprise Geospatial Web solution for Forest sector GeoForest – A Case Study Vivek Chitale*, M. Vinayak Rao**, Geetanjali Mehta, Dhrubajyoti."— Presentation transcript:

1 Building Enterprise Geospatial Web solution for Forest sector GeoForest – A Case Study Vivek Chitale*, M. Vinayak Rao**, Geetanjali Mehta, Dhrubajyoti Sarma Presented by:-Vivek Chitale Technical Director NIC Bhopal

2 Essential for survival and sustenance of life Helps in conservation of soil, water resources, environment It is a natural habitat for wild life & biodiversity Potentially contribute to global climate change Essence of Forest

3 Rapid Urbanisation Enormous pressure on the forest resources for fuel wood and fodder Mining, irrigation, hydroelectric projects Encroachments for agriculture, cattle feeding Decrease in rain fall Deplition of Forests

4 Forestry is a major government enterprise in India It has 20% of geographical area as forest & 200,000 forest villages 275 million rural poor depends on forest for part of livelihoods National Commission on Agriculture in 1976 recommended the reorganization of state forestry departments and advocated the concept of social forestry National Forest Policy, 1988 focuses on ensuring environmental stability, restoring the ecological balance, and preserving the remaining forests In 2006 forestry in India underwent a major change with the passage of the Forest Rights Act, Overpopulation, farming and environmental factors are major causes of dwindling forest cover National Forests

5 Forest Area in M.P. Total Forest Area94,689.38 (30.71%) Total forest cover76,429 sq. km. (24.79%) No. of Villages22,600 (42.85% Forest Habitation) Tiger StateHarbors 20% of India’s Tiger Population

6 Forest Resources Legal status-wise Classification of Forest Area in M.P. Reserved Forest65.36% Protected Forest32.84% Unclassified Forest1.7%

7 Forest Types Classification of forest area & forest types State-wise Forest Area Classification

8 62 territorial divisions 9 National parks. 25 Wildlife sanctuaries. Preparation of Working Plans for territorial divisions Preparation of Management Plan for National Park/Wildlife Sanctuary. Pioneering the JFM (Joint Forest Management) movement. M.P Forest Department

9 Working plans are the plan documents which contain detailed planning of field level tasks as per Forest Policy There are 16 working plans units in the state & Forest Division is unit for its preparation Process of Preparation A. First Preliminary Report: Contains results of the past management and justification for its revision B. Fieldwork: Includes extensive data collection stock mapping updation of compartment histories etc C. Second Preliminary Report: contains outline for future management and prescriptions. The plan area is classified in various working circles D. Working Plan submission after approval of the Second Preliminary Report Implementation of Working Plans Preparation of Working Plans

10 Role of GIS in Forest Management Working Plan Forest Density, Forest type, Crop Composition, Site Quality, Contours, Soil Map, Road network, Encroachments, Volume data, Wild life sighting, villages, Boundaries, Research plots and Fire affected area, Plantations etc. Geospatial technology facilitates collection, storing, retrieval, transfer and display of geographically reference spatial data with its corresponding attribute information to meet a specific requirement. Demarcation of Forest Area Division, Range, Blocks, Compartments, sub-compartment boundaries and boundary pillars Management Plans Working Circles, Felling Series, Periodic Blocks and coupe numbers.

11 (Internet Geomatics-based Forest Mapping)

12 Scope of the project Creation of Enterprise GeoDatabase Integration of attribute data with digital data Generation of the required thematic maps. Development of enterprise Web-based application Query based output in the form of derived maps for printing Updation of spatial data using PDA device


14 Creation of Forest Stock map Inventory Digitization of ~ 4500 Forest Stock Map (1:15,000) - Variance in maps (legend, naming conventions etc.) - Gaps in spatial data - Geo-referencing Issues - Mosaicking issues Reconsilation issues/problems (in Integration of spatial and attribute data) Design of enterprise spatial Geodatabase Design of an SOA architecture Issues/Challanges

15 GeoForest Spatial Component Forest Ranges, Compartments with their legal status (RF/PF/UC) Locations of Munara, various Forest Species, Guest House/Rest House etc. in the forest Water Bodies Classification of forest, forest type, site quality Working circles, felling series & coupes pertaining to a working plan Attribute Component Compartment Details (Notified Area, Working Plan Year etc.) Linkage of Compartment with Forest Beat & Block Census data

16 Features Sector-specific compilation of thematic maps Special tool bar for map viewing / editing. Support for zoom, pan and map composition. Built-in traverse-aid and distance/area computation Query Module for Customized complex queries Navigation/Search Tool based upon distance criteria MIS for Attribute Data Management/Reports Printing of Maps Interface with Google Map Management Console Audit Trails

17 Arch. Features Server centric G2G Enterprise solution SOA Architecture (WMS, WFS, WCS) OGC Compliant J2EE (Open Source) for development KML services for Google view PDA usage for tracking & updation SMTP & document services

18 Files RDBMS Spatial Databas e Geodatabase GIS ServerSDE Server GIS Browse

19 User Login Page

20 Thematic maps Profiles Map Contents Working Circle Compartment Boundary Compartment (Legal Status) Forest Classification Forest Age Forest Type Forest Site Quality Zoom InZoom Out Habitation Search Pan Full Extent NextPrevious Map Print Measure Habitations Profile Coupe Profile Compartment Profile Query Shell Navigation Search Editing Tool

21 M.P State with Compartment Legal Status Thematic Map (Compartment Legal Status) Reserved Forest Protected Forest

22 Thematic map on Forest Classification depicting various classes under which forest area is covered Thematic Map (Forest Classification) Under Stock

23 Working Circle Thematic Map (Working Circle) SCI

24 Forest Type Thematic Map (Forest Type) Mixed Sal

25 Forest Site Quality Thematic Map (Forest Site Quality) IV-A

26 Felling Series Boundary Thematic Map (Felling Series Boundary) RDF Plantation

27 Coupe Boundary Thematic Map (Coupe Boundary) SCI

28 Display of compartment profile on selection on map. Compartment Profile (Selection from Map

29 Navigation ( Compartments within given distance is displayed in dark green) Navigation, helps to identify forest features in specified area

30 Forming Custom Query Facilitate formation of simple/complex query

31 Area measurement Measurement of area for polygon feature.

32 Forest Compartments (Raisen) on Google Earth Map ( Zoomed in) Super Imposing of forest feature over Google

33 Impact/Benefits Provides holistic view of entire forest area, its various classifications, types, spread of species etc. Helps in Gap analysis and standardization Facilitates WPO at remote places in Working Plan/Management Plan Preparation Change Detection Can be used to access the existing forest resource and decide treatment programs to enrich forest. Helps to achieve transparency & easiness in planning & monitoring processes.

34 Conclusion G-Governance coupled with emerging Spatial technology plays an important role in all area of governance It is state-of-the-art models to the government for Forest Sector OGC compliant Enterprise DSS on SOA architecture for macro- level planning can be built in a cost-effective manner It can play vital role in formulating appropriate Working Plans and drawing effective management plans and reports. Its capacity to make accurate and periodic assessments of forest resources will facilitate monitoring of changes in the forest status National level replication potential

35 Vivek Chitale Technical Director (NIC Bhopal) Thank You

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