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Presented by: Davies Kashole Forestry Extension Officer Forestry Department Zambia.

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Presentation on theme: "Presented by: Davies Kashole Forestry Extension Officer Forestry Department Zambia."— Presentation transcript:

1 Presented by: Davies Kashole Forestry Extension Officer Forestry Department Zambia

2 OUTLINE OF PRESENTATION  Background  Major Uses of Forest in Zambia  Challenges of Forest Management  Required Co-Benefits  Joint Forest Management  Lessons Learned  Conclusion

3 Background  Zambia surface land area is 752,614Km 2  Forests cover about 49.9 million ha (66% of land cover),  The forest vegetation type is mainly Miombo (Semi- evergreen forests); Baikiaea, Munga, Mopane, Kalahari woodlands (Deciduous Forests), Ripian, Swap, Parinari, Itigi, Lake basin Chipya (Evergreen forests), Termitary associated bushes (Shrub thickets), grasslands, wooded grasslands.  Plantations cover about 61,000 ha (7,000 ha under the Forestry Department and 50,000 ha under ZAFFICO, the rest by communities, farmers, schools etc.)  Growing stock = 2.9 billion m 3, national biomass (below and above)= 5.6 billion tonnes & 434 million tonnes as dead wood biomass. TOTAL: 6 billion tonnes (ILUA 2008).  About 2.8 billion tonnes of carbon stored in forests

4 Major Uses of Forests in Zambia  The major uses and products from the forests are: a. Wood products: e.g. poles, timber, firewood, charcoal b. Non-wood forest products: e.g. honey, fruits, mushrooms c. Environmental services: Protection of water catchment areas, soil erosion control, cultural and traditions, carbon storage and sequestration

5 Major Uses of Forest in Zambia Cont’d (d) Offer employment opportunities in forest enterprises (e) Business opportunities for household income generation

6 Challenges of Forest Management  The major problem is deforestation and forest degradation, which are caused by various factors: I. Expansion of agricultural fields II. Unsustainable fuel wood collection (charcoal production, and commercial firewood) III. Uncontrolled forest fires IV. Over-exploitation of timber V. Infrastructure development VI. Encroachment on forests and unplanned settlements VII. In adequate coordination in land- use planning and management

7 Challenges of Forest Management Cont’d AgriculturalExpansion Settlement (In-Migrations ) Mining and Mineral Exploration Forest Production (Livelihood) InfrastructureDevelopment Natural Disasters (Flooding)

8 Required Co-benefits  Forests are the lungs of our planet, and if managed sustainably, hold the potential to provide subsistence for a huge proportion of world’s population, whilst averting future climate calamity in their capacity as vital carbon store and sink.  The services and products that forests provide to local communities are the obvious benefits to local communities.  Include conservation of forest biodiversity and maintenance of ecosystem services -

9 Required Co-benefits Cont’d  However, we need to promote benefits that add value in order to ensure biodiversity management:  Local communities being able to make and influence decisions in forest resource management  Revenue generated to contribute to local level development, supporting rural health centres, schools, feeder roads etc  Investments in value addition, e.g., small-scale forest enterprise development.

10 Joint Forest Management  The Zambian version of JFM is not one which aims at rehabilitation, but sustainable forest management.  Involves:  Developing local-level forest management structures (Forest Management Committees)  Developing management plans as a guide to land use and natural resource management  The plan, once approved, is then implemented  Promote enterprise and income generating activities

11 Lessons Learnt  In order to deal with benefits, there is a need to identify drivers of deforestation.  In Zambia, expansion of agricultural fields poses a challenge.  Defining an appropriate benefit-sharing mechanism is an incentive that can help sustainable forest management.  The definition JFM should not centre on a simple description of adjacent communities, but a broader land- use management approach.  It should be clear that there are benefits to accrue for communities and those for the resources (biodiversity).  Biodiversity can be well managed if the communities are able to improve their livelihoods.

12 Conclusion  For co-benefits to be promoted, there is a need to address the needs of local communities.  Government is now implementing REDD+ readiness and ILUA programs to help enhance co-benefits.  The potential of REDD+ to achieve multiple social and environmental benefits also bears the risk of causing social and environmental harm if the REDD+ programs are designed with a focus on emission reduction objectives only.  Zambia’s REDD+ Programme will focus on the possible institutional and governance structures that could facilitate attaining co-benefits and respecting safeguards.

13 THANK YOU FOR YOUR ATTENTION THANK YOU FOR YOUR ATTENTION!


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