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Office of Training & Education - Revised by TEEX-PRT July 2009 1 Materials Handling and Storage.

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Presentation on theme: "Office of Training & Education - Revised by TEEX-PRT July 2009 1 Materials Handling and Storage."— Presentation transcript:

1 Office of Training & Education - Revised by TEEX-PRT July 2009 1 Materials Handling and Storage

2 Office of Training & Education - Revised by TEEX-PRT July 2009 2 Materials Handling and Storage Describe the hazards and requirements related to materials handling and hoisting operations. Objective

3 Office of Training & Education - Revised by TEEX-PRT July 2009 3 Handling Materials - General  Sufficient safe clearances shall be allowed for aisles, at loading docks, through doorways and wherever turns or passage must be made.  Aisles and passageways shall be kept clear and in good repair, with no obstruction across or in aisles that could create a hazard

4 Office of Training & Education - Revised by TEEX-PRT July 2009 4 Handling Materials - General  Permanent aisles and passageways shall be appropriately marked  Storage of material shall not create a hazard

5 Office of Training & Education - Revised by TEEX-PRT July 2009 5 Injuries Lifting objects is a major cause of back injuries in the work place. Improper storing and handling of material and equipment can cause struck by and crushed by injuries.

6 Office of Training & Education - Revised by TEEX-PRT July 2009 6 Manual Handling Seek help:  When a load is too bulky to properly grasp or lift.  When you can’t see around or over the load.  When you can’t safely handle the load.  Attach handles to loads to reduce the chances of getting fingers smashed.

7 Office of Training & Education - Revised by TEEX-PRT July 2009 7 Safe Lifting Break load into parts. Lift with legs, keep back straight, do not twist. Use handling aids - such as steps, trestles, shoulder pads, handles, and wheels. Avoid lifting above shoulder level.

8 Office of Training & Education - Revised by TEEX-PRT July 2009 8 Safe Lifting Training What should be taught:  How to lift safely.  How to avoid unnecessary physical stress and strain.  What you can comfortably handle without undue strain.  Proper use of equipment.  Recognizing potential hazards and how to prevent / correct them.

9 Office of Training & Education - Revised by TEEX-PRT July 2009 9 Storing Materials Secure materials stored in tiers by stacking, racking, blocking, or interlocking to prevent them from falling. Post safe load limits of floors. Keep aisles and passageways clear.

10 Office of Training & Education - Revised by TEEX-PRT July 2009 10 Materials Handling Equipment Employees must be trained in the proper use and limitations of the equipment they operate. This includes knowing how to effectively use equipment such as forklifts, cranes, and slings.

11 Office of Training & Education - Revised by TEEX-PRT July 2009 11 Powered Industrial Trucks

12 Office of Training & Education - Revised by TEEX-PRT July 2009 12 Powered industrial trucks General requirements  Applies to fire protection, design, maintenance, and use of fork trucks, tractors, platform lift trucks, motorized hand trucks, and other specialized industrial trucks

13 Office of Training & Education - Revised by TEEX-PRT July 2009 13 Training Program Implementation Training shall consist of a combination of:  Formal instruction (e.g., lecture, discussion, interactive computer learning, written material),  Practical training (demonstrations and exercises performed by the trainee), and  Evaluation of the operator’s performance in the workplace

14 Office of Training & Education - Revised by TEEX-PRT July 2009 14 Powered Industrial Trucks  Operating instructions, warnings and precautions  Differences from automobile  Controls and instrumentation  Engine or motor operation  Steering and maneuvering  Visibility Truck-related topics

15 Office of Training & Education - Revised by TEEX-PRT July 2009 15 Powered Industrial Trucks  Fork and attachment adaptation, operation, use  Vehicle capacity and stability  Vehicle inspection and maintenance that the operator will be required to perform  Refueling/Charging/ Recharging batteries  Operating limitations  Other instructions, etc. Truck-related topics

16 Office of Training & Education - Revised by TEEX-PRT July 2009 16 Powered Industrial Trucks  Surface conditions  Composition and stability of loads  Load manipulation, stacking, unstacking  Pedestrian traffic  Narrow aisles and restricted areas  Operating in hazardous (classified) locations Workplace-related topics

17 Office of Training & Education - Revised by TEEX-PRT July 2009 17 Powered Industrial Trucks  Operating on ramps and sloped surfaces  Potentially hazardous environmental conditions  Operating in closed environments or other areas where poor ventilation or maintenance could cause carbon monoxide or diesel exhaust buildup Workplace-related topics

18 Office of Training & Education - Revised by TEEX-PRT July 2009 18 Overhead and Gantry Cranes General requirements  Rated loads must be marked on each side of crane  Cab location and access  Footwalks and ladders  Brakes

19 Office of Training & Education - Revised by TEEX-PRT July 2009 19 Overhead and Gantry Cranes General requirements  Hoisting equipment –Sheaves –Ropes –Equalizers –Hooks  Warning device

20 Office of Training & Education - Revised by TEEX-PRT July 2009 20 Crawler Locomotive and Truck Cranes General requirements  Only designated personnel are permitted to operate  All cranes should have initial and regular inspections  No crane should be loaded beyond the rated load Locomotive Crane

21 Office of Training & Education - Revised by TEEX-PRT July 2009 21 Crawler Locomotive and Truck Cranes General requirements  Crane should be equipped with the proper fire extinguisher  Operations near overhead lines should be avoided Crawler Crane

22 Office of Training & Education - Revised by TEEX-PRT July 2009 22 Rigging Equipment Slings Types of slings covered are those made from alloy steel chain, wire rope, metal mesh, natural or synthetic fiber rope, and synthetic web. ChainWire ropeMetal meshSynthetic

23 Office of Training & Education - Revised by TEEX-PRT July 2009 23 Sling Inspection Inspect slings:  Each day before use.  Where service conditions warrant. Remove them from service if damaged or defective.

24 Office of Training & Education - Revised by TEEX-PRT July 2009 24 Hooks, rings, oblong links, or other attachments, when used with alloy steel chains, must have a rated capacity at least equal to that of the chain. Alloy Steel Chain Attachments Rated Capacity

25 Office of Training & Education - Revised by TEEX-PRT July 2009 25 Job or shop hooks and links, or makeshift fasteners, formed from bolts, rods, etc., or other such attachments, can’t be used. Unsuitable Alloy Steel Chain Attachments RightWrong

26 Office of Training & Education - Revised by TEEX-PRT July 2009 26 Wire Rope Slings Used to hoist materials Selection considerations:  Strength  Ability to bend without cracking  Ability to withstand abrasive wear  Ability to withstand abuse Wire rope Strand Center Wire Core

27 Office of Training & Education - Revised by TEEX-PRT July 2009 27 Wire Rope Slings Eye Splices Eye splices made in any wire rope must have at least three full tucks.

28 Office of Training & Education - Revised by TEEX-PRT July 2009 28 Cover or blunt protruding ends of strands. Protruding Ends

29 Office of Training & Education - Revised by TEEX-PRT July 2009 29 Wire Rope Clips When using U-bolt wire rope clips to form eyes, ensure the "U" section is in contact with the dead end of the rope. This is the correct method Dead End

30 Office of Training & Education - Revised by TEEX-PRT July 2009 30 Lubrication Regularly lubricate ropes and chains.

31 Office of Training & Education - Revised by TEEX-PRT July 2009 31 Wire Rope Slings Remove From Service If these happen, remove the wire rope sling from service. Crushing Kinking Bird Caging Broken Strands

32 Office of Training & Education - Revised by TEEX-PRT July 2009 32 Mark or code to show:  Name or trademark of manufacturer.  Rated capacities for the type of hitch.  Type of material. Synthetic Web Sling Markings

33 Office of Training & Education - Revised by TEEX-PRT July 2009 33 Remove from service if any of these are present:  Acid or caustic burns.  Melting or charring of any part.  Snags, punctures, tears or cuts.  Broken or worn stitches.  Distortion of fittings. Synthetic Web Slings - Remove from Service Heat Damage

34 Office of Training & Education - Revised by TEEX-PRT July 2009 34 Summary Manually handling materials  When lifting objects, lift with your legs, keep your back straight, do not twist, and use handling aids. Using cranes, forklifts, and slings to move materials  Watch for potential struck by and crushed by dangers.  For slings, check their load capacity, inspect them, and remove them from service when they display signs of stress or wear. Also -  Keep work areas free from debris and materials.  Store materials safely to avoid struck by/crushed by hazards.


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