Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

1 Prof. Dr. Hamid Aït Abderrahim SCKCEN, Boeretang 200, 2400 Mol, Belgium or Copyright.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "1 Prof. Dr. Hamid Aït Abderrahim SCKCEN, Boeretang 200, 2400 Mol, Belgium or Copyright."— Presentation transcript:

1 1 Prof. Dr. Hamid Aït Abderrahim SCKCEN, Boeretang 200, 2400 Mol, Belgium or Copyright © 2011 SCKCEN ADS, What’s that ? and what for ? MYRRHA an International Large Research Infrastructure and a unique worldwide Irradiation Facility and P&T tool Les Journées Accélerateurs, Roscoff (FR), 3-5 October 2011

2 2 Overview Energy research infrastructure ? The MYRRHA project International Collaboration MYRRHA International Consortium

3 3 Facing the Energy Challenge Electricity generation worldwide (OECD, 2007)

4 4 Sustainable Nuclear Fission resource utilisation proliferation risk nuclear waste Enhanced safety

5 5 High Level Nuclear Waste U 235 n Pu NpAm Cm Actinides Minor Actinides Neutron Uranium Fission Fuel U 238 n n n U 235 U 238 PlutoniumNeptuniumAmericiumCurium Minor Actinides high radiotoxicity long lived waste that are difficult to store due to:  Long lived (>1,000 years)  Highly radiotoxic  Heat emitting

6 6 spent fuel reprocessing no reprocessing Uranium naturel Time (years) Relative radiotoxicity transmutation of spent fuel Duration Reduction 1.000x Volume Reduction 100x Motivation for Transmutation

7 7 Continuity: tradition of «first of a kind» Inventor of innovative nuclear fuel (MOX fuel) 1st pressurized water reactor (PWR) outside of US (BR3) World first underground laboratory for R&D on HL waste disposal (HADES) World premiere project for transmutation of nuclear waste Highest performing material testing reactor in Europe (BR2) World first lead based ADS (GUINEVERE)

8 8 Reactor Subcritical or Critical modes 65 to 100 MWth Accelerator (600 MeV - 4 mA proton) Fast Neutron Source Spallation Source Lead-Bismuth coolant Multipurpose Flexible Irradiation Facility MYRRHA - Accelerator Driven System Innovative & Unique

9 9 Vessel Cover Core barrel Core support plate Core plug Above core structure Heat exchangers Pumps Diaphragm Vessel Cover Core barrel Core support plate Core plug Above core structure Heat exchangers Pumps Diaphragm Vessel Cover Core barrel Core support plate Core plug Above core structure Heat exchangers Pumps Diaphragm Vessel Cover Core barrel Core support plate Core plug Above core structure Heat exchangers Pumps Diaphragm Vessel Cover Core barrel Core support plate Core plug Above core structure Heat exchangers Pumps Diaphragm Vessel Cover Core barrel Core support plate Core plug Above core structure Heat exchangers Pumps Diaphragm Vessel Cover Core barrel Core support plate Core plug Above core structure Heat exchangers Pumps Diaphragm Vessel Cover Core barrel Core support plate Core plug Above core structure Heat exchangers Pumps Diaphragm Reactor layout Les Journées Accélerateurs, Roscoff (FR), 2-5 October 2011

10 10 Cover Main dimensions Height: 2m Outer diameter: 8.5m Material AISI 316L Concrete Weight About 246ton © SCKCEN IVFHM PHX Pump Fuel transfer channel Wet-sipping device Safety valve Recovery channel Si-doping channel LBE-conditioning inlet LBE-conditioning outlet Cover gas conditioning system inlet/outlet

11 11 Core barrel and core support plate Core barrel Main dimensions Height: about 9m Outer diameter: about 1450mm Thickness: 20mm Material AISI 316L Core support plate Main dimensions Outer diameter: about 1450mm Thickness: 200mm Material T91 © SCKCEN

12 12 Diaphragm Main dimensions Double plate design Baffle In-vessel fuel storage Height: about 7.5m Outer diameter: 7.3m Wall thickness: 40mm Lower plate thickness: 40mm Upper plate thickness: 80mm Material AISI 316L Weight About 115ton © SCKCEN

13 13 Diaphragm © SCKCEN

14 14 Core and fuel Spallation target Fuel Assemblies IPS 151 positions Diameter: 1450mm 37 multifunctional plugs

15 15 Core and fuel Fuel Cladding in Ti Wire wrap

16 16 Core and fuel

17 17 Spallation target window Produces about neutrons/s at the reactor mid-plane to feed subcritical keff=0.95 Fits into a central hole in core Compact target Remove produced heat Accepts megawatt proton beam 600 MeV, 3.5 mA  ~2.1 MW heat Cooling of window is feasible Material challenges Preferential working temperature: 450 – 500°C Service life of at least 3 full power months (1 cycle) is achievable

18 18 Spallation target window Rotating beam  15 mm sweep 25 mm Limited heat deposition at stagnation point Multi tube concept 3 Concentric inlet tubes

19 19 PHX 27.5MW PHX 27.5MW Condenser 55MW Cooling systems Primary system: LBE Secondary system: Saturated water/steam Tertiary system: Air

20 20 Cooling systems Decay heat removal (DHR) through secondary loops  4 independent loops  redundancy (each loop has 50% to 100% capability)  passive operation (natural convection in primary, secondary and tertiary loop) Ultimate DHR through RVCS (natural convection)

21 21 Multipurpose facility M ultipurpose h Y brid R esearch R eactor for H igh-tech A pplications Waste Fission GEN IV Fusion Fundamental research Silicon doping Radio- isotopes 50 to 100 MWth  Fast = ~10 15 n/cm².s (En>0.75 MeV)  = 1 to n/cm².s (ppm He/dpa ~ 10) in medium-large volumes Material research  Fast = 1 to n/cm².s (En>1 MeV) in large volumes Fuel research Φ tot = 0.5 to n/cm².s  th = 0.5 to n/cm².s (En<0.4 eV)  th = 0.1 to n/cm².s (En<0.4 eV) High energy LINAC 600 MeV – 1 GeV Long irradiation time

22 22 MYRRHA International Reviewing 2001: International Strategic Guidance Committee 2002: International Technical Guidance Committee 2003: Review by Russian Lead Reactor Technology Experts (ISTC#2552p project) 2005: Conclusions of the European Commission FP5 Project PDS-XADS ( ) 2006: European Commission FP6 Project EUROTRANS ( ): Conclusions of Review and Justification of the main options of XT-ADS starting from MYRRHA 2007: International Assessment Meeting of the Advanced Nuclear Systems Institute 2008: European Commission FP7 Project Central Design Team (CDT) at Mol for MYRRHA detailed design 2009: MIRT of OECD/NEA on request of Belgian Government (see further)

23 23 Belgian commitment: 40% secured International consortium: under construction Belgium 60 M€ (12 M€/y x 5 y) 2nd phase (11 y) others 576 M€ Belgium 324 M€ (36 M€/y x 9 y) Consortium Total investment 960 M EUR

24 24 The next phase of work: Minimise technological risks Secure the licensing Secure a sound management and investment structure PDP preliminary dismantling plan PSAR preliminary safety assesment EIAR environmental impact assesment Central Project Team Owner Engineering Team Owner Consortium Group

25 25 Project schedule

26 26 MYRRHA recognised in Europe Energy Independence Knowledge Economy ESFRI European Strategic Forum for Research Infrastructure SET Plan European Strategic Energy Plan For Europe MYRRHA is a priority Only Belgian project in ESFRI Roadmap

27 27 ALLEGRO Experimental reactor (GFR) ASTRID Prototype (SFR) SFR Supporting infrastructures, research facilities MYRRHA ETPP European demonstration reactor (LFR) Reference technology Alternative technology LFR GFR MYRRHA part of ESNII European Sustainable Nuclear Industrial Initiative MYRRHA Fast spectrum irradiation facility

28 28 Forging strong partnerships and alliances in Europe and worldwide Alliances Securing revenues from Users’ Group In-cash In-kind FP7 EII loan Belgium: 40% ( ) EU Member States EU EIB ROW Engineering Building Equipment Owners’ Consortium Group Co-sharing investment cost Co-sharing exploitation cost Privileged access conditions

29 29 MYRRHA: an international project

30 30 International Members Consortium – Phase 1 BE EU countries Asian country EU ROW SCKCEN (on behalf of Belgian Federal Government) EU country Public foundation Asian country EU participation ROW participation Belgian Federal Ministry of Energy (50%) Belgian Federal Ministry of Science Policy (50%) 40 % Major European partners A major Asian partner % EU FP7 (RTD) / SET-Plan (Energy) 15 ~ 20 % % % ROW (*) European Research Infrastructure Consortium «ERIC» (*) Contribution to investment capital (960 M€’09) Participation vehicle (Consortium members) Primary «investors» IPR management rules tbd INVESTMENT PHASE

31 31 International Members Consortium - Phase 2 Members of Consortium - Individual research of a member of Consortium -Collaborative research amongst members of Consortium - 3 years program commitment CLOSED/ SHARED INFORMATION for MoC Open User Facility - Governments funding - Criteria of research excellence - Independant program access committee (PAC) Collaborative research - Distribution of information to participants Contract research….. Commercial services -RI -NTD Silicon ~25% OPEN INFORMATION SHARED INFORMATION for participants CLOSED INFORMATION for participants OPERATION PHASE «ERIC» (*) (*) European Research Infrastructure Consortium BENEFITS for Members of Consortium Board position to control overal operation Priority of access Potential benefit of low price (compensation profit from commercial revenues) Capacity transfer flexibility (rules tbd) SCKCEN as qualified and licenced operator of the MYRRHA infrastructure under contractual arrangement with ERIC

32 32 Joining the MYRRHA project Belgium is welcoming international participation in the MYRRHA consortium Membership eligibility for the international MYRRHA consortium is based on a balanced in-cash/in-kind contribution Until end 2014, our objectives are: to collect Letters of Intent for participation in the MYRRHA International Consortium (deadline mid 2012) to sign Memoranda of Understanding for collaboration in MYRRHA with international partners (deadline mid 2014) To finalise the Consortium legal framework (deadline end 2014)

33 33 MYRRHA: EXPERIMENTAL ACCELERATOR DRIVEN SYSTEM A pan-European, innovative and unique facility  Time horizon: full operation ~ 2023  Costs: ~ EUR 960 million

34 34 Copyright notice Copyright © SCK  CEN All property rights and copyright are reserved. Any communication or reproduction of this document, and any communication or use of its content without explicit authorization is prohibited. Any infringement to this rule is illegal and entitles to claim damages from the infringer, without prejudice to any other right in case of granting a patent or registration in the field of intellectual property. SCKCEN Studiecentrum voor Kernenergie Centre d'Etude de l'Energie Nucléaire Stichting van Openbaar Nut Fondation d'Utilité Publique Foundation of Public Utility Registered Office: Avenue Herrmann-Debrouxlaan 40 – BE-1160 BRUSSEL Operational Office: Boeretang 200 – BE-2400 MOL


Download ppt "1 Prof. Dr. Hamid Aït Abderrahim SCKCEN, Boeretang 200, 2400 Mol, Belgium or Copyright."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google