2Overview The MYRRHA Project The Belgian Approval Process MYRRHA in a European and World ContextConclusions
3MYRRHA Genesis & History Post BR2ADONISTransmutationNon EnergyApplications19951994 RI1995 H2MYRRHA Project ( )1994Gen.IV LFR2002 GIFcurrent MYRRHA Project (2010)XT-ADS in EUROTRANSfrom 2005
4MYRRHA International Reviewing 2001: International Strategic Guidance Committee2002: International Technical Guidance Committee2003: Review by Russian Lead Reactor Technology Experts (ISTC#2552p project)2005: Conclusions of the European Commission FP5 Project PDS-XADS ( )2006: European Commission FP6 Project EUROTRANS ( ): Conclusions of Review and Justification of the main options of XT-ADS starting from MYRRHA2007: International Assessment Meeting of the Advanced Nuclear Systems Institute2008: European Commission FP7 Project Central Design Team (CDT) at Mol for MYRRHA detailed design2009: MIRT of OECD/NEA on request of Belgian Government (see further)
5MIRT: «Summary of the main findings» MYRRHA is an innovative and exciting project and the facility would be unique in the worldMYRRHA could play a role :in decisions related to and the development of the technology of the transmutation of nuclear wastein the development of advanced nuclear reactors, especially lead- cooled reactorsas a fast neutron irradiation facility for materials and component testing for fission and fusion reactorsas serving the needs of accelerator-based scientific communities (radioactive beams, proton therapy, proton-based isotope production, accelerator science,…)as a neutron irradiation facility for silicon crystal doping and manufacturing of radioactive isotopes for medical and industrial sources
7Meeting long term needs of society ChallengeSolutionMYRRHAcontributionFissionHigh radiotoxiclevel wasteTransmutationADS demoGEN IVDemonstrateconceptBuilddemonstratorsLFR technology demoFast spectrum irradiation facilityFusionExtreme operating conditionsMaterial testing& developmentFast spectrum irradiation facilityFundamentalresearchPushing the limitsof knowledgeAccess toproton beamLong term experiments with radioactive ion beams (RIB)RenewableenergiesEfficient power electronicsHigh efficiency transistors(NTD-Si)Securing NTD-Silicon productionHealthcareAgeingpopulationA long term sourceof medical radioisotopesSecuring radioisotopes production (existing and new ones)
8Objective BR2 MYRRHA 1962 2023 Material Testing Reactor (fission) Fuel testingFor LWR& GEN II/GEN IIIIrradiation Services:Medical RISilicium dopingOthersFast Neutron(fission + fusion)For LFR GEN IVADS-Demo+P&T testing(Partitioning & Transmutation)LFR European Technology Pilot Plant (ETPP)2023MYRRHA
9Rationale Objectives Requirements Choices Flexible Fast Spectrum Irradiation facilityn/cm².s (>0.75 MeV) in large volumes (3 l)small targetwindowless design with an off-centre SLloopless window designLM coolingavailabilty (65%)flexibilityHLM coolingpool-typein-vessel storageFA manipulation beneath corein-vessel inspection & repairIPS manipulation above corereplaceabilityno high temperatures requiredLBE cooling
10Rationale Objectives Requirements Choices ADS demonstration LFR demo high power acceleratorreliabilitytargetLINAC (600 MeV, 4 mA)LFR demoHLM technology & componentsCritical mode operationMYRRHA/FASTEFOperational in 2023Use of mature technology where possibleInnovation where neededFR MOX 30-35% fuel15-15-Ti AS T91 MSLBE
28Belgian commitment: secured International consortium: under construction 2nd phase (11 y)others 576 M€ConsortiumBelgium 324 M€(36 M€/y x 9 y)Belgium 60 M€(12 M€/y x 5 y)
29The next phase of work: 2010-2014 MinimisetechnologicalrisksSecurethe licensingSecure a soundmanagement and investment structurePDPpreliminarydismantlingplanPSARpreliminarysafetyassesmentEIARenvironmental impactassesmentFEED(Front EndEngineeringDesign)CentralProjectTeamOwnerConsortiumGroupOwnerEngineeringTeam
32Forging strong partnerships and alliances in Europe and worldwide In-cashIn-kindFP7EIIBelgium: 40%( )EngineeringEUMemberStatesBuildingEUROWEquipmentloanEIBOwners’ Consortium GroupCo-sharing investment costCo-sharing exploitation costPrivileged access conditionsAlliancesSecuring revenues from Users’ Group
33to reach the SNETP goals for Gen.IV FR MYRRHA in ESNII & FP7to reach the SNETP goals for Gen.IV FR200820122020ASTRID Prototype (SFR)Reference proven technologySFRCP-ESFR2-4 G€LFRToday, the SRA has identified two technology paths for Fast Neutron Reactor systems:The Sodium cooled Fast Neutron Reactor technology, which is a proven technology and for which Europe has past experience. But many innovations are needed to bring the technology to the level of competitiveness and safety which is required. The SFR technology is one which France is supporting strongly, with a decision to build a prototype in France in This programme will be open to European and international participation.An alternative technology which could either be the Lead-cooled Fast Reactor or the Gas-cooled Fast Reactor technology. Decisions on the choice of alternative technology will be made around 2012, followed by the construction of a demonstrator plan in Europe around 2020.in support of these reactor demonstration projects, research infrastructures and fuel cycle facilities will be needed.We estimate the cost of this initiative to around 6 to 10 billion € depending on technical options.ETPP European Demonstration Reactor (LFR) (MYRRHA)Alternative technologyLEADERGFRSupporting infrastructures, research facilitiesloops, testing and qualification benches,Irradiation facilities incl. fast spectrum facility (MYRRHA)and fuel manufacturing facilitiesALLEGRO experimental reactor (GFR)ADRIANAGoFastRCDT33
34MYRRHA has strong relations to European and worldwide institutions 34
35The final sprintMYRRHApreparingto go…alreadypassed!
36Joining the MYRRHA project Belgium is welcoming international participation in the MYRRHA consortiumMembership eligibility for the international MYRRHA consortium is based on a balanced in-cash/in-kind contributionUntil end 2014, our objectives are:to collect Letters of Intent for participation in the MYRRHA International Consortium (deadline end 2011)to sign Memoranda of Understanding for collaboration in MYRRHA with international partners (deadline end 2013)To finalise the Consortium legal framework (deadline mid 2014)Poland is welcome to join
37MYRRHA: EXPERIMENTAL ACCELERATOR DRIVEN SYSTEM Thank you !MYRRHA: EXPERIMENTAL ACCELERATOR DRIVEN SYSTEMA European, innovative and unique project.Time horizon: full operation ~ 2023.Costs: ~ EUR 1 Billion.